German Standard German

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German Standard German
Bundesdeutsches Hochdeutsch
Pronunciation [ˈbʊndəsdɔʏtʃəs ˈhoːxdɔʏtʃ]
Region Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None

German Standard German,[1][2] Standard German of Germany[3][4] or High German of Germany[5] is the variety of Standard German that is written and spoken in Germany.[1][2][6] It is the variety of German most commonly taught to foreigners. It is not uniform, which means it has considerable regional variation.[7] Anthony Fox asserts that British English is more standardized than German Standard German.[7]


  1. ^ a b Russ (1994:7, 61–66, 70, 72, 84–86, 89–91, 96)
  2. ^ a b Sanders (2010:194 and 196–200)
  3. ^ Fox (1990:292)
  4. ^ Dürscheid & Giger (2010:176)
  5. ^ Horvath & Vaughan (1991:101)
  6. ^ Fox (1990:292–293)
  7. ^ a b Fox (1990:293)


  • Dürscheid, Christa; Giger, Nadio (2010), "Variation in the case system of German – linguistic analysis and optimality theory", in Lenz, Alexandra N.; Plewnia, Albrecht, Grammar between Norm and Variation (PDF), Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, ISBN 978-3-631-61004-6 
  • Fox, Anthony (1990), The Structure of German, New York: Oxford University Press, Inc., ISBN 0-19-815821-1 
  • Horvath, Barbara M.; Vaughan, Paul (1991), Community languages: a handbook, Multilingual Matters, Multilingual Matters, ISBN 978-1853590917 
  • Russ, Charles (1994), The German Language Today: A Linguistic Introduction, London: Routledge, ISBN 0-203-42577-4 
  • Sanders, Ruth H. (2010), German: Biography of a Language: Biography of a Language, New York: Oxford University Press, Inc., ISBN 978-0-19-538845-9 
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