Gerbrand van den Eeckhout

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Self-portrait (1647)
Scholar with His Books

Gerbrand van den Eeckhout (19 August 1621 – 29 September [1][2] 1674), was a Dutch Golden Age painter and a favourite student of Rembrandt. He was also an etcher, an amateur poet, a collector and an adviser on art.

Biography

In this painting (dated 1664) an angel appears to the Roman centurion Cornelius.[3] The Walters Art Museum.
Joseph and his brothers, painted 1657. Skokloster Castle.

Gerbrand was born in Amsterdam, the son of a jeweller, a Mennonite who fled after 1585 from Antwerp to the north. In 1631 his mother died. His father's second wife was Cornelia Dedel, the daughter of a founder of the Delft chamber of the Dutch East India Company.

Arnold Houbraken records Van den Eeckhout was a pupil of Rembrandt. A fellow pupil to Ferdinand Bol, Nicolaes Maes and Govert Flinck, but regarded as inferior to them in skill and experience; he soon assumed Rembrandt's manner with such success that his pictures were confused with those of his master.[4]

Eeckhout does not merely copy the subjects; he also takes the shapes, the figures, the Jewish dress and the pictorial effects of his master. It is difficult to form an exact judgment of Eeckhout's qualities at the outset of his career. His earliest pieces are probably those in which he more faithfully reproduced Rembrandt's peculiarities. Exclusively his is a tinge of green in shadows marring the harmony of the work, a gaudiness of jarring tints, uniform surface and a touch more quick than subtle.[4]

Eeckhout matriculated early in the Gild of Amsterdam. As he grew older Eeckhout succeeded best in portraits, for example that of Isaac Commelin (formerly identified as a portrait of the historian Olfert Dapper (1669)),[5] in the Städel collection in Frankfurt. Eeckhout occasionally varied his style. He followed Gerard ter Borch in Gambling Soldiers, at Stafford House, and a Soldiers' Merrymaking, in the collection of the marquess of Bute. Amongst the best of Eeckhout's works are Christ in the Temple (1662), at Munich, and the Haman and Mordecai of 1665, at Luton House.[4]

Eeckhout, unmarried, was also appreciated as art connoisseur, and dealing with poets and scientists. At the end of his life he was living with his sister-in-law, a widow, on Herengracht, at a very prestigious part of the canal. He died in Amsterdam.

Works

Botanici at work

Some of his works can be found in the Metropolitan Museum, New York and Skokloster Castle, north of Stockholm.

References

  1. ^ City Archive Amsterdam
  2. ^ Liedtke, W. (2007) Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 185.
  3. ^ "Vision of Cornelius the Centurion". The Walters Art Museum. 
  4. ^ a b c Chisholm 1911.
  5. ^ RKD
Attribution
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Eeckhout, Gerbrand van den". Encyclopædia Britannica. 9 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links

  • Eeckhout the Rijksmuseum
  • Works and literature at PubHist
  • Vermeer and The Delft School, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art (fully available online as PDF), which has material on Gerbrand van den Eeckhout
  • Dutch and Flemish paintings from the Hermitage, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on Gerbrand van den Eeckhout (cat. no. 8)
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