Geraldine Chaplin

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Geraldine Chaplin
Geraldine Chaplin 2014 (cropped).jpg
Chaplin in Brazil, August 2014
Born Geraldine Leigh Chaplin
(1944-07-31) July 31, 1944 (age 73)
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
Occupation Actress
Years active 1952–present
Spouse(s) Patricio Castilla (m. 2006)
Partner(s) Carlos Saura (1967–1979)
Children 2, including Oona Castilla Chaplin
Parent(s) Charlie Chaplin
Oona O'Neill
Relatives See Chaplin family

Geraldine Leigh Chaplin (born July 31, 1944)[1][2] is a prolific actress of English, French, and Spanish language films, the fourth child of Charlie Chaplin, the first of eight with fourth wife Oona O'Neill.[3] After beginnings in dance[3][1] and modeling,[4] she turned her attention to acting, and made her American acting debut (and came to prominence in what would be a Golden Globe–nominated role[5]) in her portrayal of Tonya in David Lean's Doctor Zhivago (1965).[6] She made her Broadway acting debut in Lillian Hellman's The Little Foxes in 1967,[7] and received her second Golden Globe nomination for Robert Altman's Nashville (1975). She also appeared in his other pictures, including Buffalo Bill and the Indians, or Sitting Bull's History Lesson (1976), and A Wedding (1978). She received a BAFTA nomination for her role in Welcome to L.A. (1976), and then appeared in Roseland (1977) and Remember My Name (1978).[not verified in body] She played her grandmother Hannah Chaplin in the biopic, Chaplin (1992) for which she received her third Golden Globe nomination. She also appeared in The Age of Innocence (1993), Jane Eyre (1996), Mother Teresa: In the Name of God's Poor (1997), and a decade later, in The Wolfman (2010).

Chaplin has appeared in a wide variety of critically recognised Spanish and French films. She starred in Claude Lelouch's Les Uns et les Autres (1981), the Alain Resnais comedy Life Is a Bed of Roses (1983) and the Jacques Rivette experimental film Love on the Ground (1984). She enjoyed her greatest critical success collaborating with Carlos Saura,[not verified in body] starring in several notable films by the director, including Ana and the Wolves (1973), Cría cuervos (1976), Elisa, vida mía (1977), and Mamá cumple cien años (1979). She collaborated with Pedro Almodóvar in Talk to Her (2002). She was awarded a Goya Award for her role in En la ciudad sin límites (2002),[8] and was nominated again for The Orphanage (2007).[not verified in body] Her contribution to Spanish cinema culminated in her being awarded the Gold medal by the Spanish Academy of Cinematographic Arts and Sciences in 2006.[9]

Chaplin had a long term relationship with Spanish film director Carlos Saura, giving birth to their son, Shane Saura, in 1976.[not verified in body] A subsequent long-term relationship with Chilean cinematographer Patricio Castilla (married, 2006), gave her a daughter, Oona, born 1986.[not verified in body] As of 2011, Chaplin maintained homes in Miami, Florida, in the United States, and in Madrid, Spain, and Corsier-sur-Vevey, Switzerland.[10][11]

Early life and education

Geraldine Leigh Chaplin was born on July 31, 1944, in Santa Monica, California,[2][1][12] the fourth child of actor and filmmaker Charlie Chaplin and his fourth wife, Oona O'Neill,[3] whom he married in 1943.[13] Chaplin was in his mid-fifties, and Oona was eighteen years old; Geraldine would be the first of their eight children.[3][13] Her paternal grandparents were English singers Charles Chaplin, Sr. and Hannah Chaplin (Hannah Harriet Pedlingham Hill), and her maternal grandparents were Nobel- and Pulitzer Prize-winning American playwright Eugene O'Neill and English-born writer Agnes Boulton.[14]

When Geraldine was eight years old, her father took the family on vacation to Britain and Europe; two days after the family set sail, the U.S. Attorney General signed an order refusing him permission to re-enter the country.[15] Her father then moved the family to Switzerland.[16] She attended boarding school there, where she became fluent in French and Spanish.[1] Also in this time period, Geraldine appeared in a small part in her father's film "Limelight" (1952).[1]

Career

Dance and modeling

At 17-years of age, the young Chaplin decided to forgo college to pursue dance instead,[3] and studied ballet for two years in England,[citation needed] including a period in 1961 at the Royal Ballet School.[1] Chaplin then danced professionally for a year in Paris.[citation needed] Though a good dancer, she felt she had not trained from an early enough age to excel at it and so gave up ballet.[citation needed] Said Chaplin "I didn't leave ballet, ballet left me."[this quote needs a citation][not in citation given] It was a great disappointment to her.

Chaplin then found work as a fashion model in Paris.[citation needed][17][4] She was then discovered by David Lean.[when?][where?][3] It would be many years before she could bring herself to see a ballet performance.[citation needed]

Discovery and early acting, 1965–69

When her dream of becoming a ballet dancer ended, she followed her father into what would become a prolific acting career.[3] She came to prominence[citation needed] in the role of Tonya in David Lean's Doctor Zhivago (1965).[3] David Lean chose her to play the main character's wife,[6] for which she received a Golden Globe Award nomination in the category, "Most Promising Female Newcomer."[5] In an interview to publicise the film, she explained, "Because of my name, the right doors opened."[18]

With Omar Sharif in Doctor Zhivago, (1965)

In 1967, she made her Broadway debut in Lillian Hellman's The Little Foxes.[7] Her performance was praised by Clive Barnes in a New York Times review, where he noted that Chaplin "acts with spirit and force… with a magnificently raw-voiced sincerity" giving a performance of "surprising power."[19]

In the same year, she also began what would become a significant collaboration, starring in Spanish film director Carlos Saura's psychological thriller Peppermint Frappé (1967).[citation needed]

The Hawaiians through Cría cuervos, 1970–79

Chaplin starred alongside Charlton Heston in the American historical film The Hawaiians (1970).

Chaplin then appeared in The Three Musketeers (1973), as well as the sequel, The Four Musketeers (1974). Chaplin was cast as the obnoxious BBC reporter Opal in Robert Altman's Nashville (1975), for which she received her second Golden Globe nomination, for Best Supporting Actress.[20] She went on to star in the Altman films Buffalo Bill and the Indians, or Sitting Bull's History Lesson (1976), and then A Wedding (1978), doing Roseland (1977) in between.

She later occasionally co-wrote scripts for and starred in several later Saura films—for these, receiving her greatest critical success[citation needed]—such as Ana and the Wolves (1973), Cría cuervos (1976), Elisa, vida mía (1977) and Mamá cumple cien años (1979). Cría cuervos won the Special Jury Prize Award at the 1976 Cannes Film Festival.[21] Vincent Canby praised Chaplin's "superb" performance.[22]

She starred in several films produced by Altman and directed by Alan Rudolph, with a BAFTA-nominated role in Welcome to L.A. (1976), in which she played a housewife addicted to cab rides.[23] She received critical acclaim for her role in Remember My Name (1978), in which she played Anthony Perkins' murderous estranged wife.[citation needed]

In an interview with The New York Times in 1977,[full citation needed] Chaplin cited that her career was going more successfully in Europe than in the United States. She complained that "I only seem to work with Altman here ... I don't have any offers in this country, none. Not even an interesting script to read. The only person who ever asks me is Altman – and James Ivory."[this quote needs a citation]

French-language and other roles, 1980–89

In the 1980s, Chaplin starred in several French-language roles, including Claude Lelouch's Les Uns et les Autres (1981), Alain Resnais' Life Is a Bed of Roses (1983), Jacques Rivette's experimental Love on the Ground (1984), and then the American film, I Want to Go Home (1989).

Chaplin also starred in Rudolph's 1920s-set film, The Moderns (1988).

Chaplin, Scorsese, and Zeffirelli, 1990–99

In the biographical film about her father, Chaplin (1992), she played her grandmother Hannah Chaplin, for which she was nominated for her third Golden Globe award.[20] Soon after, she was directed by Martin Scorsese in The Age of Innocence (1993), and appeared in Franco Zeffirelli's version of Jane Eyre (1996).

Chaplin went on to appear in Mother Teresa: In the Name of God's Poor (1997).

The Spanish period, 2000–present

Chaplin received a Goya Mejor Actriz de Reparto for her role in Spanish-Argentine thriller En la ciudad sin límites (In the City Without Limits, 2002).[8] Other notable Spanish films she collaborated with and appeared in Pedro Almodóvar's Talk to Her (2002), and José Antonio Bayona's The Orphanage (2007), for which she received a second Goya Award nomination.[citation needed] She also recently starred in the Catalan drama, The Mosquito Net (2010), for which she was awarded the Crystal Globe.[24]

In 2006 Chaplin was awarded the Gold medal by the Academia de las Artes y las Ciencias Cinematográficas de España—the Spanish Academy of Cinematographic Arts and Sciences—for her contribution to Spanish cinema.[9]

Chaplin appeared in The Wolfman, in 2010.

In Americano, she appeared with Salma Hayek, and featured with Jane Fonda in All Together (both 2011). She reunited with Juan Antonio Bayona for the film The Impossible (2012). Chaplin received the Best Actress Award at the Havana Film Festival for her role in the Dominican Republic film Sand Dollars (2014).[citation needed]

Personal life

Chaplin dated a number of men in her younger years, and had two serious, long term relationships.[citation needed] The first was with Carlos Saura, a Spanish film director who directed her in several films, with whom she began a twelve-year relationship in 1967.[citation needed] In 1976 she gave birth to their son, Shane Saura Chaplin.[citation needed] In 1978 the Chaplin family were the victims of a failed extortion plot by kidnappers who had stolen the body of Charlie Chaplin. Geraldine negotiated with the kidnappers, who had also threatened her infant son.[25]

Her second long-term relationship has been with Chilean cinematographer Patricio Castilla whom she married in 2006, and with whom she had a daughter, Oona, in 1986.[citation needed]

As of 2011, Chaplin maintains a home in Miami. She also spends time in residences between Madrid, Spain, and Corsier-sur-Vevey, Switzerland (the latter near the former long-time home of her and her father).[10][11]

Filmography

Chaplin at a screening of The Orphanage in Madrid in 2007.
Year Film Role Director, Country, Notes
1952 Limelight Little Girl in Opening Scene (uncredited) Director: Charles Chaplin
Country: United States
1965 Par un beau matin d'été
(Crime on a Summer Morning)
Zelda Director: Jacques Deray
Countries: France – Spain – Italy
Doctor Zhivago Tonya Gromeko Director: David Lean; Countries: United States – Italy – UK
Golden Globe Awards Nomination: Most Promising Female Newcomer[5]
1966 Andremo in città Lenka Director: Nelo Risi; Countries: Italy – Yugoslavia
1967 A Countess from Hong Kong Girl at dance Director: Charlie Chaplin; Country: UK
Casino Royale Keystone Kop (uncredited) Directors: Ken Hughes, John Huston, Joseph McGrath, Robert Parrish, Richard Talmadge
Countries: UK – United States
J'ai tué Raspoutine
(I Killed Rasputin)
Mounia Golovine Director: Robert Hossein
Countries: France – Italy
Stranger in the House Angela Sawyer Director: Pierre Rouve; Country: UK
Peppermint Frappé Elena/Ana Director: Carlos Saura; Country: Spain
1968 Stress-es tres-tres
(Stress Is Three)
Teresa Director: Carlos Saura
Country: Spain
1969 La madriguera
(Honeycomb)
Teresa Director: Carlos Saura; Country: Spain
G. Chaplin also co-wrote the screenplay and contributed to the story. Film entered into the 19th Berlin International Film Festival
1970 The Hawaiians Purity Hoxworth Director: Tom Gries; Country: United States
El jardín de las delicias
(The Garden of Delights)
Actress (uncredited) Director: Carlos Saura
Country: Spain
1971 Perched on a Tree Mme Muller (as Géraldine Chaplin)
Carlos Lisa
1972 Innocent Bystanders Miriam Loman
Z.P.G. Carol McNeil Winner: Medalla Sitges en Plata del Ley: Best Actress
A House Without Boundaries Actress Film entered into the 22nd Berlin International Film Festival
1973 Ana y los lobos Ana Director: Carlos Saura
The Three Musketeers Anna of Austria Director: Richard Lester
Marriage a la Mode Actress
Yankee Dudler Kate Elder
1974 The Four Musketeers Queen Anne of Austria Director: Richard Lester
¿...Y el prójimo? Luisa
Sommerfuglene Anne Zimmler
1975 Cría cuervos Ana The Mother Director: Carlos Saura
Winner: Premios ACE: Best Actress
Film received the Special Jury Prize Award at the 1976 Cannes Film Festival.
Nashville Opal Director: Robert Altman
Golden Globe Awards Nomination:Best Supporting Actress[20]
1976 Buffalo Bill and the Indians, or Sitting Bull's History Lesson Annie Oakley Director: Robert Altman
Welcome to L.A. Karen Hood Director: Alan Rudolph
BAFTA Awards Nomination:Best Supporting Actress
Scrim Actress
Noroît Morag by Jacques Rivette; episode from an intended four-part series "Scenes from a Parallel Life"
1977 Roseland Marilyn Director: James Ivory
Elisa, vida mía Elisa Santamaria/Elisa's Mother Director: Carlos Saura
In Memoriam Paulina Arevalo Director: Enrique Brasó
1978 Remember My Name Emily Director: Alan Rudolph
Winner: Miami Film Festival: Best Actress
Paris Film Festival: Best Actress
A Wedding Rita Billingsley Director: Robert Altman
One Page of Love Lise
The Word Naomi Dunn
Blindfolded Eyes Actress Director: Carlos Saura
1979 L'Adoption Catherine Director: Marc Grunebaum; Country: France
Mama Turns 100 Ana Director: Carlos Saura
La viuda de Montiel Adelaida Entered into the 30th Berlin International Film Festival
Mais où et donc Ornicar Isabelle Director: Bertrand Van Effenterre
1980 Le Voyage en douce Lucie Entered into the 30th Berlin International Film Festival
The Mirror Crack'd Ella Zielinsky
1981 Les Uns et les Autres Suzan/Sara Glenn Director: Claude Lelouch
The House of Mirth Lily Bart Television film
1982 Casting Actress
1983 Life Is a Bed of Roses Nora Winkle Director: Alain Resnais
My Cousin Rachel Contessa Rachel Sangalletti Television miniseries
1984 Love on the Ground Charlotte Director: Jacques Rivette
1987 White Mischief Nina Soames Director: Michael Radford
1988 The Moderns Nathalie de Ville Director: Alan Rudolph
1989 The Return of the Musketeers Queen Anne Director: Richard Lester
I Want to Go Home Terry Armstrong Director: Alain Resnais
1990 Gentille Alouette Angela Duverger
The Children Joyce Wheater
1991 Buster's Bedroom Diana Daniels Director: Rebecca Horn
Duel of Hearts Mrs. Miller Television film
1992 Chaplin Hannah Chaplin Director: Richard Attenborough
Golden Globe Awards Nomination: Best Supporting Actress[20]
Hors Saison Anarchist by Daniel Schmid
1993 A Foreign Field Beverly
The Age of Innocence Mrs. Welland Director: Martin Scorsese
1994 Words Upon the Window Pane Miss McKenna
1995 Para recibir el canto de los pájaros Catherine Director: Jorge Sanjinés; Country: Bolivia
Home for the Holidays Aunt Gladys Director: Jodie Foster
1996 Jane Eyre Miss Scatcherd Director: Franco Zeffirelli
Gulliver's Travels Empress Munodi Television miniseries
Os Olhos da Ásia Jane Powell
Crimetime Thelma
1997 Mother Teresa: In the Name of God's Poor Mother Teresa
1998 Cousin Bette Adeline Hulot
Finisterre, donde termina el mundo Madre/Mother
1999 To Walk with Lions Victoria Anrecelli
Beresina oder Die letzten Tage der Schweiz Charlotte De Director: Daniel Schmid
2000 In the Beginning Yocheved Television film
2001 Just Run! Madre
The Faces of the Moon Joan Turner
2002 Dinotopia Grandmother Oriana Television miniseries
En la ciudad sin límites Marie Goya Awards
Best Supporting Actress
Talk to Her Katerina Bilova Director: Pedro Almodóvar
2004 The Bridge of San Luis Rey The Abbess
2004 A Christmas Carol: The Musical Old Beggerwoman/The Ghost of Christmas Yet to be
2005 Heidi Rottenmeier
Oculto Adela
Melissa P. Nonna Elvira Director: Luca Guadagnino
BloodRayne Fortune Teller
2006 Agatha Christie's Marple Mrs. Fane Television series
Episode: "Sleeping Murder"
Les aventuriers des mers du Sud Maggie Television film
2007 The Orphanage Aurora First film with director: Juan Antonio Bayona
Goya Awards Nomination: Best Supporting Actress
Teresa, el cuerpo de Cristo Priora del convento
Miguel and William La dueña
Los Totenwackers Salgado
Boxes Maman Director: Jane Birkin
2008 Inconceivable Frances Church-Chappel
Parlami d'Amore Amelie
Parc La mère de Marteau
Ramírez Galerist
Diario de una Ninfómana Abuela de Valére/Valeré's grandmother
Brontë Aunt Elizabeth
2009 The Island Inside Victoria
Imago Mortis Contessa Orsini
2010 Hostias Jean
The Making of Plus One Geri, the casting director
The Wolfman Maleva Director: Joe Johnston
There Be Dragons Abileyza Director: Roland Joffé
The Mosquito Net María
The Trick in the Sheet Alma Director: Alfonso Arau
2011 ¿Para qué sirve un oso? Josephine Winner: Málaga Spanish Film Festival: Best Supporting Actress
The Monk L'abbesse Director: Dominik Moll
Americano Linda
All Together Annie
Memoria de mis putas tristes Rosa Cabarcas Director: Henning Carlsen
2012 O Apóstolo Dosinda Voice
The Impossible Old woman second film with director: J. A. Bayona
The Hollow Crown Alice 1 episode: Henry V
2013 The Return Coco Chanel Short film
Director: Karl Lagerfeld
es:Tres 60 Jean Christophe Director: Alejandro Ezcurdia
Another Me Mrs. Brennan Director: Isabel Coixet
2014 Amapola Memé Director: Eugenio Zanetti
Sand Dollars Anne Directors: Israel Cárdenas, Laura Amelia Guzmán
Nominated — Ariel Award for Best Actress
2015 Marguerite and Julien Lefebvre's mother
Valentin Valentin Jane
2016 A Monster Calls The Head Teacher third film with director: J.A. Bayona
2017 Philip K. Dick’s Electric Dreams Irma Gordon Episode: "Impossible Planet"
2018 Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom[26] fourth film with director: J. A. Bayona

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Hollywood.com Staff (December 21, 2016). "Geraldine Chaplin: Actor, Dancer". Hollywood.com. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Allocine.com Staff (December 21, 2016). "Geraldine Chaplin: État Civil, Biographie". Allocine.fr (in French). Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Williams, Holly (July 15, 2011). "Funny Girl: The Not-So Silent Star Oona Chaplin". The Independent. London. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b McDonald, Patrick (October 27, 2016). "Interview: Geraldine Chaplin, at 52nd Chicago International Film Festival". HollywoodChicago.com. Chicago. 
  5. ^ a b c Variety Staff (January 6, 1966). "MGM Leads In Golden Globe Nominations with 20; 'Zhivago' Has 6" (PDF compilation). Daily Variety. Hollywood, CA. 130 (24). Retrieved December 21, 2016.  This online PDF contains an expertly assembled compilation of news reports and reviews about the movie.
  6. ^ a b "Geraldine Chaplin to Make American debut in 'Tonia'". The New York Times. November 21, 1964. pp. 26
  7. ^ a b Zolotow, Sam. "'Changes coming in "The Little Foxes"". The New York Times. November 2, 1967
  8. ^ a b CINE-PREMIOS GOYA Geraldine Chaplin recibe Goya Mejor Actriz de Reparto. Spanish Newswire Services. February 1, 2003.
  9. ^ a b "La Academia de Cine concede la medalla de oro a Geraldine Chaplin". El País. July 7, 2006
  10. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 24, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-23. 
  11. ^ a b Phillips, Michael (October 13, 2016). "Geraldine Chaplin and 'So Many Ghosts' at Essanay". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 20, 2016. 
  12. ^ Thomson, David (2010). "Geraldine Chaplin". The New Biographical Dictionary of Film. A Borzoi Book. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 172f. ISBN 0307271749. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  13. ^ a b Erickson, Harold L.; Barson, Michael (August 25, 2016). "Charlie Chaplin: British Actor, Director, Writer, and Composer". Encyclopædia Britannica. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  14. ^ http://www.eoneill.com/library/more/foreword.htm
  15. ^ Maland, Charles J. (1989). Chaplin and American Culture. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-02860-5. 
  16. ^ Dale Bechtel (2002). "Film Legend Found Peace on Lake Geneva". www.swissinfo.ch/eng. Vevey. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  17. ^ Chaplin, Geraldine (November 1964). "Geraldine Chaplin". "Limelighters" (Interview). Interview with Oriana Fallaci. Madrid. Retrieved 2017-03-22. 
  18. ^ Reed, Rex "If My Name Was Annie Smith". The New York Times. December 10, 1967. pp. x7.
  19. ^ Barnes, Clive. "Theater: 'The Little Foxes' Revisited". The New York Times. January 6, 1968. pp. 24
  20. ^ a b c d http://www.goldenglobes.com/person/geraldine-chaplin
  21. ^ https://www.criterion.com/current/posts/527-cria-cuervos-the-past-is-not-past
  22. ^ Canby, Vince. "Cria! Film on Childhood". The New York Times. May 19, 1977. pp. 71
  23. ^ http://awards.bafta.org/award/1978/film/supporting-actress
  24. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/films/spanish-director-vila-wins-at-czech-film-festival-2024627.html
  25. ^ Deseret News Staff (February 23, 1993). "Geraldine Chaplin: Living Among Ghosts". Deseret News. Salt Lake City, UT: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  26. ^ Hall, Jacob (March 6, 2017). "'Jurassic World 2' Will Toss Geraldine Chaplin Into the Maw of a T-Rex". /Film. Retrieved March 6, 2017. 

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