Georgian parliamentary election, 2004

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Legislative elections were held in the Georgia on 28 March 2004. The elections followed the annulment of the November 2003 legislative elections, which were widely believed to have been rigged by the former President, Eduard Shevardnadze. New elections were ordered following the resignation of Shevardnadze and the election of President Mikhail Saakashvili in January 2004.

The elections were won by the National Movement - Democrats (NMD), the party supporting President Mikhail Saakashvili. The NMD won 67% of the vote, while no other party won more than 7.6%.

As a result, the NMD won most of the 130 seats elected by proportional representation in the Georgian Parliament. Of the 20 parties contesting the elections, only the NMD and the Right Opposition bloc polled more than 7% of the vote, the threshold necessary to gain representation.


e • d Summary of the 28 March 2004 Georgian Parliament election results
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats
National Movement – Democrats (Nats'ionaluri Modzraoba – Demokratebi, ერთიანი ნაციონალური მოძრაობა) 992,275 67.75 135
Rightist Opposition (Memarjvene Opozits'ia, მემარჯვენე ოპოზიცია)
  • New Rightists (Akhali Memarjveneebi, ახალი მემარჯვენეები)
  • Industry Will Save Georgia (Mretsveloba Gadaarchens Sak'art'velos, მრეწველობა გადაარჩენს საქართველოს))
113,313 7.74 15
Georgian Labour Party (Sakartvelos Leiboristuli Partia, საქართველოს ლეიბორისტული პარტია) 89,981 6.14 -
Freedom Movement (Tavisupleba, თავისუფლება) 65,809 4.49 -
Democratic Union for Revival (Demokratiuli Aghordzinebis kavshiri, დემოკრატიული აღორძინების პავშირი) 57,829 3.95 -
National Democratic Alliance (Traditionalists) (Erovnul Demokratiuli Aliansi) 38,247 2.6 -
Jumber Patiashvili – Unity (Ertoba Bloc) 37,054 2.5 -
Members elected in single-seat constituencies (November 2003)     75
members representing displaced persons from the separatist region of Abkhazia     10
Total 1,464,683   235
Source: German Wikipedia, IFES, and

The new Georgian Parliament will also include 85 members elected from single-member constituencies, who were elected in the November 2003 elections and have not been required to face re-election. The exact party loyalty of these members is not known, but Georgian websites suggest that about 23 of them are NMD members or supporters, about 15 are opposition supporters, and the rest are independents.

The National Movement - Democrats party unites President Saakashvili's National Movement, Prime-Minister Zurab Zhvania's United Democrats, the Republican Party, supporters of Parliamentary Chairperson Nino Burjanadze and some of the supporters of the late President Zviad Gamsakhurdia, the Union of National Forces.

The Right Opposition is a center-right pro-business alliance led by David Gamkrelidze.

At a press conference, Saakashvili said: "I think the people have given their verdict. I am not pleased that there is not more opposition representation, because that would have helped my party too to consolidate. But that is the reality, the post-revolutionary reality."

A preliminary report by observers from the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) praised the conduct of the elections.

"The 28 March 2004 repeat parliamentary election in Georgia demonstrated commendable progress in relation to previous elections. The Georgian authorities have seized the opportunity, since the 4 January presidential election, to further bring Georgia's election process in closer alignment with European standards for democratic elections, including OSCE commitments and Council of Europe standards," the report said.

"However, in the wake of the events of November 2003, the political life of Georgia, as reflected in the election process, is not yet fully normalized. The consolidation of the democratic election process will only be fully tested in a more competitive environment, once a genuine level of political pluralism is re-established."

In an attempt to produce an election result acceptable to both domestic and international opinion, the Georgian government allowed the votes to be counted simultaneously by the CEC and by a non-government organisation, the International Society for Fair Elections and Society (ISFED). This was called the parallel vote tabulation (PVT). Figures released by ISFED on 31 March showed results almost identical to those released by the CEC.

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