George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews

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Earl of St Andrews
Born George Philip Nicholas Windsor
(1962-06-26) 26 June 1962 (age 55)[1]
Coppins, Iver, Buckinghamshire, United Kingdom
Spouse(s) Sylvana Tomaselli (m. 1988)
Children Edward Windsor, Lord Downpatrick
Lady Marina Charlotte Windsor
Lady Amelia Windsor
Parent(s) Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
Katharine Worsley

George Philip Nicholas Windsor, Earl of St Andrews (born 26 June 1962), is the elder son of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent[2] and his wife, Katharine, Duchess of Kent. He is styled Earl of St Andrews, one of his father's subsidiary titles, which he holds by courtesy as heir apparent to the Dukedom of Kent.

Education and career

Lord St Andrews was educated at Eton College and Downing College, Cambridge where he earned an MA degree.

A former diplomat, he is a Trustee of the SOS Children's Villages UK charity and a Patron of the Association for International Cancer Research. In April 2012, he also became a Trustee of the Next Century Foundation, a charity working throughout the Middle East.

St Andrews is Patron of the Welsh Sinfonia, Wales' professional chamber orchestra, conducted by Mark Eager.

St Andrews is a Trustee of the Global eHealth Foundation.

Earl of St Andrews was installed as Chancellor of the University of Bolton on 30 March 2017.

Marriage and children

On 9 January 1988, St Andrews married divorcée Sylvana Tomaselli in a register office at Edinburgh.

The couple has three children:[3]

Edward Windsor, Lord Downpatrick

Lord Downpatrick
Born Edward Edmund Maximilian George Windsor
(1988-12-02) 2 December 1988 (age 29)
St Mary's Hospital, London, England, UK
Parent(s) George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews
Sylvana Windsor, Countess of St Andrews

Edward Edmund Maximilian George Windsor, Lord Downpatrick[4] (born 2 December 1988 at St Mary's Hospital in London), is the only son and heir apparent of George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews, and Sylvana Windsor, Countess of St Andrews.[5]

Lord St Andrews is the elder son of the Duke and Duchess of Kent. Lord Downpatrick is thus, after his father, heir to the Dukedom of Kent. In 2003, following the example of his grandmother, the Duchess of Kent, and uncle, Lord Nicholas Windsor, he became a member of the Roman Catholic Church and therefore was barred from the line of succession to the British Throne.

Downpatrick is the most senior potential heir to Queen Elizabeth excluded from the line of succession for being a Roman Catholic under the Act of Settlement 1701, followed by his younger sister Lady Marina Charlotte Windsor who also has been confirmed as a Roman Catholic. However, his younger sister Lady Amelia Windsor remains in line to the throne. He was one of Diana, Princess of Wales's 17 godchildren.

Education

Downpatrick grew up in the locality of Cambridge, where his mother is an academic. After Eton, he went up to Keble College, Oxford, where he read Modern Languages, specialising in French and German.[6]

Succession issues

St Andrews' wife is a Roman Catholic. According to the Act of Settlement 1701, no person who is Catholic or marries a Catholic could succeed to the throne of any country whose constitution subscribes to that Act. Therefore, from his marriage until 26 March 2015 St Andrews was barred from succession to the throne. After the Succession to the Crown Act 2013 came into effect on 26 March 2015, he is no longer barred from succession and is currently 35th in line (the most senior to be restored to the succession list), although his two older children, as Catholics, are still barred.

The Dukedom of Kent is not subject to the Act of Settlement or the Succession to the Crown Act 2013, so St Andrews' son and heir, Lord Downpatrick, is in line to become the first Roman Catholic Duke or Earl of Kent since the Reformation.

Ancestry

Patrilineal descent

St Andrews's patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son.

His patrilineal descent (the principle behind membership in Germanic royal houses) can be traced back through the generations — meaning that were St Andrews to choose a historically accurate house name according to this principle it would be Wettin, to which all his male-line ancestors belonged.

This ancestral line diverges from the British royal line at Victoria's husband, Prince Albert, and from then on follows his paternal ancestors.

House of Wettin

  1. Burkhard I, Duke of Thuringia, d. 870
  2. Burchard, Duke of Thuringia, 836–908
  3. (possibly) Burkhard III of Grabfeldgau, 866–913
  4. Dedi I, Count in the Hessegau, 896–957
  5. (probably) Dietrich I, Count of Wettin, d. 976
  6. (possibly) Dedi II, Count in the Hessegau, 946–1009
  7. Dietrich II of Wettin, 991–1034
  8. Thimo I, Count of Wettin, d. 1099
  9. Thimo II the Brave, Count of Wettin, d. 1118
  10. Conrad, Margrave of Meissen, 1098–1157
  11. Otto II, Margrave of Meissen, 1125–1190
  12. Dietrich I, Margrave of Meissen, 1162–1221
  13. Henry III, Margrave of Meissen, c. 1215–1288
  14. Albert II, Margrave of Meissen, 1240–1314
  15. Frederick I, Margrave of Meissen, 1257–1323
  16. Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen, 1310–1349
  17. Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia, 1332–1381
  18. Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, 1370–1428
  19. Frederick II, Elector of Saxony, 1412–1464
  20. Ernest, Elector of Saxony, 1441–1486
  21. John, Elector of Saxony, 1468–1532
  22. John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, 1503–1554
  23. Johann Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, 1530–1573
  24. John II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, 1570–1605
  25. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha, 1601–1675
  26. John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1658–1729
  27. Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1697–1764
  28. Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1724–1800
  29. Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1750–1806
  30. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 1784–1844
  31. Albert, Prince Consort, 1819–1861
  32. Edward VII of the United Kingdom, 1841–1910
  33. George V of the United Kingdom, 1865–1936
  34. The Prince George, Duke of Kent, 1902–1942
  35. Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, b. 1935
  36. George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews, b. 1962

References

  1. ^ "Andrew zu Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Prince of Greece and Denmark". thepeerage.com. 24 February 2007. Retrieved 2012-04-04. 
  2. ^ "The Duke of Kent". The Royal Household. Retrieved 2012-04-04. 
  3. ^ Kiri Sutherland (4 October 2010). "Where have you been hiding girls? After years in the shadows, two more Windsor beauties step into the spotlight". Daily Mail. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  4. ^ Ronald Allison; Sarah Riddell (1991). The Royal encyclopedia. Macmillan Press. p. 145. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  5. ^ Charles Kidd and David Williamson, editor, DeBretts Peerage and Baronetage (London, U.K.: DeBrett's Peerage, 1999), volume 1, page cxx.
  6. ^ "Matriculation 2007–8 — At undergraduate level" (PDF). The Record. Keble College, Oxford: 91. 2008. 
George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews
Born: 26 June 1962
Academic offices
Preceded by
Sir Ernest Ryder
Chancellor of the University of Bolton
2017–present
Incumbent
Lines of succession
Preceded by
The Duke of Kent
Succession to the British throne
(grandson of George, son of George V)
Followed by
Lady Amelia Windsor
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Earl of Ulster
Gentlemen
Earl of St Andrews
Succeeded by
Prince George of Cambridge
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