George Platt Brett Sr.

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George Platt Brett Sr.
Portrait of George Platt Brett, Sr..jpg
Born (1858-12-08)8 December 1858
London, England, Great Britain
Died 18 September 1936(1936-09-18) (aged 77)
Fairfield, Connecticut, United States
Nationality British
Alma mater College of the city of New York
Occupation Publisher
Known for Publisher of Jack London
Children George Platt Brett Jr.
Claire L. Brett Kinney
Richard M Brett

George Platt Brett Sr. (8 December 1858 – 18 September 1936) was a British-born[1] chairman and publisher of the American division of Macmillan Publishing. He was best known for serving as publisher, friend, and mentor of American author Jack London.[2] Under Brett's leadership, Macmillan became one of the largest publishers in America. Sales grew from $50,000 in 1890 and grew to $8.5 million in 1931. In 1931, Macmillan annuals produced between 600 and 700 titles.[3]


Early career

In 1874 George Platt Brett, joined the MacMillan as a traveling salesman, then succeeded his father, George Edward Brett, in the American office in New York in 1887.[4] George Edward Brett of England started the New York branch of Macmillan Publishing at Clayton Hall in 1869 under the recommendation of Alexander Macmillan (publisher).[5]

In 1890, the New York branch became an independent office and moved to Bond Street.[5]

In 1889, Brett was a founding member of the American Publishers Association.[6]

On December 4, 1900, Brett attended a reception and dinner for Mark Twain at the Aldine Club that "was the most notable event of the kind that has ever taken place at that club."[7]

In 1902, Brett became the first American publisher to visit London.[8]

Established control of Macmillan in America

In 1896, Brett was asked by the Macmillans to head the New York office. Brett instead insisted he become a partner in a new American corporation. “In 1896, the Macmillan house was divided into two newly established entities, The Macmillan Company in New York and Macmillan & Co., Ltd., of London. The two companies were both controlled by the Macmillan family (which retained about 61 percent of the American company's stock until the 1951 split); they freely shared titles and authors and made use of the company's worldwide network of sales branches established in the early twentieth century in such ports of call as Bombay (established 1901); Toronto (1904); Calcutta (1907); Melbourne (1912); and Madras (1913). Nevertheless, the creation of a separate company in New York was destined to have profound implications for the house of Macmillan, as the American organization outstripped its parent and eventually required complete independence at mid-century.” [9]

Expansion into Canada

Assisted Frederick Macmillan with the creation of Macmillan Company of Canada, a joint effort between Macmillan & Company and Macmillan Company of New York.[10]

Testimony before the United States Congress

In 1927, Brett testified at public hearings of the Patents Committee of the United States House of Representatives about a new national copyright law.[11]

Publisher of American authors

Brett, though a native of Great Britain, was an advocate for American authors.[12]

During his tenure, Brett published Winston Churchill's novel Richard Carvel in 1899, Ellen Glasgow[13] Upton Sinclair's The Jungle in 1904,[14] Jack London's The Call of the Wild, William Butler Yeats, Liberty Hyde Bailey[15] and Francis Marion Crawford's Saracinesca.[16][17][18]

George Doran called Brett an "Emperor among publishers."[19]

Brett is credited with the identification and success of Jack London.[20] In a letter to Jack London, dated 27 Dec 1901, "Brett said he believe Jack's fiction represented 'the very best kind of work ' done in America and he wanted to publish all his future writings." [21]

Brett also was influential in the success of Winston Churchill. Churchill once observed Brett "has an undoubted genius for publishing, but he possesses likewise the higher genius of friendship." [22]

Legacy in America

Led by Brett, the Macmillan Co. became prominent in American publishing by the 1930s as "the first American publisher to open branch offices across the country.... Between 1895 and 1909 such semi-independent branches were established in Chicago, Boston, Atlanta, Dallas, and San Francisco.” [9]

The Bretts remained in control of the American offices of Macmillan from its creation in 1869 to the early 1960s, “a span matched by few other families in the history of United States business.”[9]

Personal life

Brett lived in New York at 267 West End Avenue, New York, New York.[23] From 1906 he lived at a 260-acre estate located in the Greenfield Hill section of Fairfield, Connecticut where he maintained an outstanding pinetum on Congress St.[24] The family donated pine land to the city which has been augmented to become the 185-acre conservation area now known as Brett Woods.[25] Brett also had a winter home in Coral Gables, Florida.[26] He died on 18 September 1936 at Fairfield, Connecticut.[27]


The World Today May 1905 (Volume VIII No 5)

See also


  1. ^ "Crofter's Crop". Time Magazine. 1951-01-22. Retrieved 2008-08-09. 
  2. ^ James, Elizabeth (2002). Macmillan A Publishing Tradition. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 170–71. ISBN 0-333-73517-X. 
  3. ^ Kobrak, Fred. The Structure of International Publishing in the 1990s. p. 31. 
  4. ^ "George Platt Brett" (PDF). New York Times. March 13, 1897. Retrieved 2008-04-19. 
  5. ^ a b Crocker, Samuel (1893). The Literary World. E. H. Hames and Company. p. 276. 
  6. ^ "THE PRICE OF BOOKS.; Smaller Discounts and Lower List Prices Suggested in a Letter to the Retail Trade" (PDF). The New York Times. 1900-10-13. 
  7. ^ Mark Twain at the Aldine Club at
  8. ^ The School Journal. 1902. p. 248. 
  9. ^ a b c Macmillan: Information and Much More from
  10. ^ Young, David (1995). "Macmillan Company of Canada in the 1930s, The". Journal of Canadian Studies. 
  11. ^ "Junket". Time Magazine. 1926-04-26. Retrieved 2008-08-09. 
  12. ^ Dreiser, Theodore. Jennie Gerhardt. University of Pennsylvania. p. 423. 
  13. ^ Goodman, Susan. Ellen Glasgow: A Biography. p. 110. 
  14. ^ The Jungle at 100 at
  15. ^ Biographic Memoirs V. 64. p. 9. 
  16. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang (February 15, 184). "GEORGE P. BRETT IS DEAD AT 91; HEADED MACMILLAN COMPANY". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-19.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  17. ^ Pizer, Donald. The Cambridge Companion to American Realism and Naturalism: From Howells to London. Cambridge University Press. pp. 250–251. 
  18. ^ James, Elizabeth (2002). Macmillan A Publishing Tradition. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 201. ISBN 0-333-73517-X. 
  19. ^ Doran, George (1935). Chronicles of Barabbas, 1884–1934. Harcourt Brace and Company. p. 187. 
  20. ^ Jack London (1943) on IMDb
  21. ^ Kershaw, Alex (1999). Jack London: A Life. St. Martin's Griffin. p. 109. ISBN 0-312-19904-X. 
  22. ^ Kershaw, Alex (1999). Jack London: A Life. St. Martin's Griffin. p. 110. ISBN 0-312-19904-X. 
  23. ^ "Social Notes" (PDF). The New York Times. 1910-01-01. 
  24. ^ Fairfield Museum. "Fairfield Families Collection". Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  25. ^ Blumenfeld, Ron. "Open Spaces / For serious hikers, Brett Woods worth the trip". Fairfield Citizen. Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  26. ^ Zuckerman, Bertram (1997). The Montgomery Story. Miami: The Montgomery Foundation. 
  27. ^ R.R. Bowker Company; Publishers' Board of Trade (U.S.); Book Trade Association of Philadelphia; Am. Book Trade Association; American Book Trade Union (1936). The Publishers Weekly. 130. F. Leypoldt. ISSN 0000-0019. Retrieved 2014-11-19. 


  • Treasury tax-free bonds by George Platt Brett (Unknown Binding - 1928)
  • Book publishing and its present tendencies by George Platt Brett (Unknown Binding - 1914)
  • "A plea for the abolition of the duty on books: To which is added some remarks on the present rulings of the customs officials in the administration of... in part from 'The New York Evening post' " by George Platt Brett (Unknown Binding - 1903)
  • Why imported books cost so much, : How the Treasury defeats the intent of Congress" by George Platt Brett (Unknown Binding - 1927)
  • The World Today May 1905 (Volume VIII No 5) by Shailer Mathews, Count Cassini, Victoria Von Kreuter, and George P. Brett (Paperback - 1905)

Additional resources

  • Chronicles of Barabbas 1884–1934 By George H. Doran
  • The House of Macmillan (1843–1943) by Charles Morgan
  • the rise of the conglomerates in American publishing by Donald Lamm
  • New York Times article about George Brett's opposition to an increase in taxes on imported books
  • The American Magazine. Crowell-Collier Pub. co. 1911. 
  • "Winston Churchill: The Novelist as Reformer", The New England Quarterly, Vol. 47, No. 4 (Dec., 1974), pp. 495–517 (article consists of 23 pages)
  • article about George Brett and Macmillan Canada
  • Minders of Make-Believe: Idealists, Entrepreneurs, and the Shaping of American Children's Literature by Leonard Marcus (Hardcover - May 7, 2008)
  • Boys' & Girls' Book Series Real World Adventures: Identification & Values by Diane McClure Jones and Rosemary Jones (Paperback - Oct 2001)
  • The Spinster and the Prophet: H.G. Wells, Florence Deeks, and the Case of the Plagiarized Text by A.B. McKillop (Hardcover - Sep 5, 2002
  • The Puzzle Palace: Inside the National Security Agency, America's Most Secret Intelligence Organization by James Bamford (Paperback - Sep 29, 1983)
  • The History of Beginning Reading: From Teaching by Sound to Teaching by Meaning, Vol. 2 by Geraldine E. Rodgers
  • Masters of Achievement: The World's Greatest Leaders in Literature, Art, Religion, Philosophy, Science, Politics and Industry Part Two by Frontier Press Company (Paperback - Aug 19, 2004)
  • The Collected Letters of Joseph Conrad: Volume 5, 1912–1916 (The Cambridge Edition of the Letters of Joseph Conrad) by Joseph Conrad, Frederick Karl, and Laurence Davies (Hardcover - Jan 26, 1996)

External links

  • Jack London (1943) on IMDb
Preceded by
Macmillan Publishing USA Chairman
Succeeded by
George Platt Brett Jr.
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