George Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby

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The Most Honourable
The Marquess of Normanby
A drawing of Lord Normanby made in 1871.
32nd Governor of Nova Scotia
In office
15 February 1858 – 17 September 1863
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Sir John Le Marchant
Succeeded by Charles Hastings Doyle
3rd Governor of Queensland
In office
12 August 1871 – 12 November 1874
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Sir Samuel Blackall
Succeeded by William Cairns
7th Governor of New Zealand
In office
3 December 1874 – 21 February 1879
Monarch Victoria
Premier Julius Vogel
Daniel Pollen
Harry Atkinson
George Grey
Preceded by Sir James Fergusson, Bt
Succeeded by Sir Hercules Robinson
6th Governor of Victoria
In office
29 April 1879 – 18 April 1884
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Sir George Bowen
Succeeded by Sir Henry Loch
Personal details
Born (1819-07-23)23 July 1819
London, England, UK
Died 3 April 1890(1890-04-03) (aged 70)
Brighton, Sussex, England, UK
Nationality United Kingdom British
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Laura Russell (1816–1885)

George Augustus Constantine Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby GCB GCMG PC (23 July 1819 – 3 April 1890),[1] styled Viscount Normanby between 1831 and 1838 and Earl of Mulgrave between 1838 and 1863, was a British Liberal politician and colonial governor of Nova Scotia, Queensland, New Zealand and Victoria.


Normanby was born in London, the son of Constantine Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby, by his wife the Hon. Maria, daughter of Thomas Liddell, 1st Baron Ravensworth. He gained the courtesy title Viscount Normanby when his father succeeded as Earl of Mulgrave in 1831. When his father was made Marquess of Normanby in 1838, he became known by the courtesy title Earl of Mulgrave.[2] Normanby entered the Coldstream Guards as an ensign, and became a lieutenant in 1838.[1]

Political and administrative career

Normanby was returned to parliament for Scarborough in 1847, a seat he held until 1851 and again between 1852 and 1857. He was appointed Comptroller of the Household by Lord John Russell in 1851. When Lord Aberdeen became prime minister in early 1852, he became Treasurer of the Household, a post he held until 1858, the last three years under the premiership of Lord Palmerston. In the latter year he was appointed Governor of Nova Scotia, which he remained until 1863. In 1863 he also succeeded his father in the marquessate and took his seat in the House of Lords.

Normanby returned to the government in 1868 when he was appointed a Lord-in-waiting by William Ewart Gladstone. The following year he was promoted to Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms. In 1871 he became Governor of Queensland. He continued in this post until 1874, and was then Governor of New Zealand from 1874 to 1879 and Governor of Victoria from 1879 to 1881.


Laura the Marchioness of Normanby by William Notman

Lord Normanby married Laura, daughter of Captain Robert Russell, R.N. in 1844. When he served as Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia, he and his wife had the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) and his brother, Prince Alfred (Duke of Edinburgh) as their guests at Government House. The couple had several children. The Marchioness of Normanby died in London in January 1885, aged 69. Lord Normanby died at Brighton, Sussex, in April 1890, aged 70, and was succeeded by their eldest son, Constantine.[2] One of their daughters, Lady Katherine Louisa Phipps, married the 3rd Earl of Ellesmere.[3]


  1. ^ a b Mennell, Philip (1892). "Wikisource link to Normanby, The Most Noble George Augustus Constantine Phipps". The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co. Wikisource. p. 346 
  2. ^ a b George Augustus Constantine Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby
  3. ^ Morgan, Henry James, ed. (1903). Types of Canadian Women and of Women who are or have been Connected with Canada. Toronto: Williams Briggs. p. 256.
  • Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Brian Tompsett, as of 1 March 2003; [1]
  • Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Normanby, Constantine Henry Phipps, 1st Marquess of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 748–749.
  • Bolton, G.C. (1974). "Normanby, second Marquess of (1819–1890)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 5.

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by George Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Frederick Trench
Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
Member of Parliament for Scarborough
With: Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
George Frederick Young
Preceded by
Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
George Frederick Young
Member of Parliament for Scarborough
With: Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
John Dent
Political offices
Preceded by
William Lascelles
Comptroller of the Household
Succeeded by
Hon. George Weld-Forester
Preceded by
Lord Claud Hamilton
Treasurer of the Household
Succeeded by
Lord Claud Hamilton
Preceded by
New government
Succeeded by
The Lord Wrottesley
Preceded by
The Lord Foley
Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms
Succeeded by
The Earl Cowper
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir John Le Marchant
Governor of Nova Scotia
Succeeded by
Charles Hastings Doyle
Preceded by
Colonel Sir Samuel Blackall
Governor of Queensland
Succeeded by
William Cairns
Preceded by
Sir James Fergusson
Governor of New Zealand
Succeeded by
Sir Hercules Robinson
Preceded by
Sir George Bowen
Governor of Victoria
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Loch
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Constantine Henry Phipps
Marquess of Normanby
Succeeded by
Constantine Charles Henry Phipps
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