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A GeoTLD (geographic TLD) is a top-level domain in the Domain Name System of the Internet using the name of or invoking an association with a geographical, geopolitical, ethnic, linguistic or cultural community.

As of 2014, several examples of geographic TLDs exist: .london,[1] enabling London businesses, organizations, and individuals to establish an online naming presence, .asia (for Asia), .rio (for Rio de Janeiro city), .quebec (for Québec province), .cat which is a sponsored top-level domain intended to be used to highlight the Catalan language and culture. .eu is a country code top-level domain, since "EU" is a reserved country code for the European Union in ISO 3166-1.

The geographic TLDs have formed in 2017 an interest group that is member of the Registry Stakeholder Group (RySG) at ICANN. The GeoTLD Group AISBL is an international non-for-profit membership association resident in Belgium. It represents and promotes the interests of organizations operating a generic top-level domain which denominates a geographic name, geographic identifier or geographic origin (so-called GeoTLD) with the purpose of serving the respective place, language and culture on the internet.[2]


Examples of proposed top-level domains in this category are:


On June 13, 2012 ICANN has revealed nearly 2,000 applications for new top-level domains, which are expected to go live throughout 2014 after thorough examination.[10]

Many of these are geographic, including:

Internationalized country codes

An internationalized country code is similar to a GeoTLD, with two differences: it is a domain used exclusively for a sovereign state. The other difference is that an internationalized country code is considered a ccTLD and not a GeoTLD. More free geographic ccTLD have been applied for and will be active in 2013.

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ GeoTLD Group AISBL
  3. ^ pointBZH
  4. ^ dotCYM
  5. ^ .Eus
  6. ^ PuntoGal
  7. ^ dotSaarland
  8. ^ DNS Belgium
  9. ^ Hope, David. "The Lunar Embassy". Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  10. ^ Reveal Day 13 June 2012 – New gTLD Applied-For Strings Archived June 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Полный текст заявки на домен .рус на сайте ICANN

External links

  • Contribution about GeoTLD at the United Nations Internet Governance Forum IGF in Athens 2006
  • Article about GeoTLDs by former German Governmental Advisory Committee GAC member at ICANN Michael Leibrandt
  • Workshop on GeoTLDs at ICANN Meeting in San Juan June 2007
  • ICANN Public Participation Website
  • ICANN GeoTLD wiki page
  • CityTLD literature
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