Generational list of programming languages

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This is a "genealogy" of programming languages. Languages are categorized under the ancestor language with the strongest influence. Those ancestor languages are listed in alphabetical order. Any such categorization has a large arbitrary element, since programming languages often incorporate major ideas from multiple sources.

ALGOL based

APL based

  • APL
    • A+
    • J (also under FL)
    • K (also under LISP)
    • NESL
    • PDL (also under Perl)

BASIC based

Batch languages

C based

COBOL based

COMIT based

DCL based

ed based

Eiffel based

Forth based

Fortran based

FP based

HyperTalk based

Java based

JavaScript based

JOSS based

Lisp based

ML based

PL/I based

Prolog based

SASL based

SETL based

sh based

Simula based

Tcl based

Others

External links

  • Diagram & history of programming languages
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