General Secretary of the Communist Party

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General Secretary or First Secretary is the official title of leaders of most Communist political parties. When a Communist party is the ruling party in a Communist-led one-party state, the General Secretary is typically the country's de facto leader—though sometimes this leader also holds state-level positions (such as a presidency or premiership) in order to hold de jure leadership of the state as well. One exception to this rule is the People's Republic of China from 1978 to 1990 where the Chairman and then General Secretary of the Communist Party were subordinate to Deng Xiaoping who was the de facto Paramount Leader of China.

Leaders of current Communist parties

Official title Incumbent Term start Other names
Danghui.svg General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China China Xi Jinping

Xi Jinping Sept. 19, 2012.jpg

15 November 2012 Chairman of the Communist Party of China (1922–25 & 1943–82)
WPK Emblem.svg Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea North Korea Kim Jong-un

Kim Jong-un at the Workers' Party of Korea main building.png

17 December 2011 Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea (1949–66)
General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea (1966–2011)
First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea (2012–2016)
LOGO PART COM CUBANO.svg First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba Cuba Raúl Castro

Raúl Castro, July 2012.jpeg

19 April 2011
Flag of the Communist Party of Vietnam.svg General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam Vietnam Nguyễn Phú Trọng

Nguyen Phu Trong.jpg

8 January 2011 Chairman of the Workers' Party of Vietnam (1951–69)
First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Vietnam (1951–76)
Flag of LPRP.svg General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party Laos Bounnhang Vorachit

Bounnhang Vorachith 2016 (cropped).jpg

22 January 2016 Chairman of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party (1991–2006)
General Secretary of the Progressive Party of Working People Cyprus Andros Kyprianou

Andros-Kyprianou-2011.jpg

21 February 2009
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Britain United Kingdom Robert Griffiths

Robert Griffiths, Britain Needs Socialism, 2011.jpg

1 January 1998
КПРФ Logo.svg First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation Russia Gennady Zyuganov

Gennady Zyuganov, 2013.jpeg

14 February 1993
20pc CPIM Flag.png General Secretary of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) India Sitaram Yechury

Yechuri 1.JPG

19 April 2015
 General Secretary of the Communist Party USA United States John Bachtell 15 June 2014
Logo Kommunistische Partei Portugals.svg General Secretary of the Portuguese Communist Party Portugal Jerónimo de Sousa

Jerónimo de Sousa.jpg

27 November 2004
Flag of JCP.svg General Secretary of the Japanese Communist Party Japan Kazuo Shii

Kazuo Shii.jpg

24 November 2000
Pce 2014.svg General Secretary of the Communist Party of Spain Spain
Logopcf13.png General Secretary of the French Communist Party France
Partito Comunista Italiano (2016).svg General Secretary of the Italian Communist Party Italy

Leaders of former Communist parties

Official title Last Term end Other names
Partia e Punës e Shqipërisë.svg General Secretary of the Albanian Party of Labour People's Socialist Republic of Albania Ramiz Alia 4 May 1991
Bandera del Partido Comunista Búlgaro.png General Secretary of the Bulgarian Communist Party People's Republic of Bulgaria Petar Mladenov

Petar Mladenov 1978.jpg

15 January 1990
Banner of the Communist Party of Kampuchea.svg General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea Cambodia Pol Pot 8 December 1981
Flag of PRPB.svg General Secretary of the People's Revolutionary Party of Benin Benin Mathieu Kérékou

Mathieu Kerekou FOCR (cropped).jpg

1 March 1990
General Secretary of the New Jewel Movement Grenada Maurice Bishop

Maurice Bishop 1982-06-11.jpg

19 October 1983
Workerspartyofethiopia.png General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Ethiopia Ethiopia Mengistu Haile Mariam

Mengistu Haile Mariam 3.jpg

21 May 1991
General Secretary of the Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party Somalia Siad Barre

Siad Barre.png

26 January 1991
Emblem of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan.svg General Secretary of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan Afghanistan Mohammad Najibullah 16 April 1992
PCUS Emblema.svg General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev

RIAN archive 850809 General Secretary of the CPSU CC M. Gorbachev (crop).jpg

24 August 1991 Technical Secretary of the Bolshevik Party (1917–18)
Chairman of the Secretariat of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) (1918–19)
Responsible Secretary of the RCP(b) (1919–22)
First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953–66)
Logo of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (1989-1993).svg General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party Hungarian People's Republic Károly Grósz

Grósz Károly 1986.jpg

7 October 1989
Emblem of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.svg First Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Socialist Republic Karel Urbánek 20 December 1989
POL PZPR logo.svg First Secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party Polish People's Republic Mieczysław Rakowski

Mieczysław Rakowski.jpg

29 January 1990
Coat of arms of PCR.svg General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party Socialist Republic of Romania Nicolae Ceaușescu

Nicolae Ceaușescu.jpg

22 December 1989
Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands Logo.svg General Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany East Germany Egon Krenz

Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1984-0704-400, Egon Krenz.jpg

3 December 1989
Emblem of the SKJ.svg President of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milan Pančevski 30 June 1990

See also

External links

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