Gartner's duct

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Gartner's duct
Precursor Wolffian duct[1]
Latin ductus longitudinalis epoophori
Anatomical terminology
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Gartner's duct, also known as Gartner canal and ductus longitudinalis epoophori, is a potential embryological remnant in human female development of the mesonephric duct in the development of the urinary and reproductive organs. It was discovered and described in 1822 by Hermann Treschow Gartner.

Gartner duct is located in the uterus' broad ligament. Its position is parallel with the lateral uterine tube and lateral walls of vagina and cervix.

The paired mesonephric ducts in the male, in contrast, go on to form the paired epididymis, ductus deferens, ejaculatory duct and seminal vesicle.

In the female they may persist between the layer of the broad ligament of the uterus and in the wall of the vagina.

Clinical significance

These may give rise to Gartner's duct cysts.[2]

See also


  1. ^ Netter, Frank H.; Cochard, Larry R. (2002). Netter's Atlas of human embryology. Teterboro, N.J: Icon Learning Systems. p. 173. ISBN 0-914168-99-1.
  2. ^ Dwyer PL, Rosamilia A (August 2006). "Congenital urogenital anomalies that are associated with the persistence of Gartner's duct: a review". Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 195 (2): 354–9. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2005.10.815. PMID 16890546.

External links

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