Gangpur State

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Gangpur State
Gangpore State
ଗଙ୍ଗାପୁର
Princely State of British India
1821–1948
Location of Gangpur
Gangpur State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
History
 •  Established 1821
 •  Accession to the Indian Union 1948
Area
 •  1941 6,454 km2 (2,492 sq mi)
Population
 •  1941 398,171 
Density 61.7 /km2  (159.8 /sq mi)

Gangpur State, also known as Gangpore State,[1] was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. Until 1905 it was one of the Chhota Nagpur States[2] under the Eastern States Agency.

Covering an area of 6454 km², in 1941 Gangpur had a population of 398,171. The population was predominantly Oriya speaking.[3] It was made part of India on 1 January 1948. The capital of Gangpur State was modern Sundargarh of Odisha.

History

Gangpur was a feudatory estate of Sambalpur. In 1821 the British authorities canceled the feudatory rights of Sambalpur over Gangpur and the ruler was granted a sanad, by which Gangpur was recognized as a state.[4]

Rulers

The rulers of Gangpur bore the title of Raja from 1874 onward.[5]

  • .... – 1804 Baijnath Shekhar Deo
  • 1804 – 1820 Indra Shekhar Deo
  • 1820 – 26 Feb 1831 Parsharam Shekhar Deo (d. 1831)
  • 1831 – 1852 Jagadev Shekhar Deo
  • 1852 – 1858 Chandrabhanu Shekhar Deo
  • 1858 Madan Mohand Shekhar Deo
  • 28 Oct 1858 – 1874 Raghunath Shekhar Deo (b. 1849 – d. 1917)

Rajas

  • 1874 – 1917 Raghunath Shekhar Deo (s.a.) (personal style Maharaja from 1915)
  • 10 Jun 1917 – 5 May 1930 Bhawani Shankar Shekhar Deo (b. 1898 – d. 1930)
  • 5 May 1930 – 26 Dec 1938 Bir Mitra Pratap Shekhar Deo (b. 1920 – d. 1938)
  • 5 May 1930 – 26 Dec 1938 Rani Janaki Rathnayammarjee of Kurupam (f) —Regent
  • 26 Dec 1938 – 15 Aug 1947 Bir Pratap Shekhar Deo (b. 1923 – d. 1967)
  • 26 Dec 1938 – 27 Nov 1944 Rani Janaki Rathnayammarjee of Kurupam (f) —Regent*

References

  1. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 21, p. 199.
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gangpur". Encyclopædia Britannica. 11 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 452. 
  3. ^ Columbia-Lippincott Gazetteer p. 660
  4. ^ The Imperial Gazetteer of India. London, Trübner & co., 1885.
  5. ^ States before 1947

External links

  • Gangpur

Coordinates: 22°07′N 84°02′E / 22.12°N 84.03°E / 22.12; 84.03


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