Gacko

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Gacko
Гацко
Town and municipality
View on Gacko
View on Gacko
Location of Gacko within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Gacko within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 43°10′N 18°32′E / 43.167°N 18.533°E / 43.167; 18.533Coordinates: 43°10′N 18°32′E / 43.167°N 18.533°E / 43.167; 18.533
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Boroughs 71 (as of 2008)
Government
 • Mayor Milan Radmilović (SDS)
 • Municipality 735.88 km2 (284.12 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Town 5,784
 • Municipality 8,990
 • Municipality density 12/km2 (32/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s) 59

Gacko (Serbian: Гацко) is a town and municipality located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated in the region of East Herzegovina. As of 2013, the town has a population of 5,784 inhabitants, while the municipality has 8,990 inhabitants.

Geography

The municipality covers an area of 736 km2 (284 sq mi), making it one of the larger municipalities in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The town is near the state border with Montenegro.

History

Middle Ages

In the 14th century the region was governed by the powerful Vojinović family.[1]

In 1359, veliki čelnik Dimitrije held the region.[2]

Ottoman period

The rebels were defeated at the field of Gacko. It ultimately failed due to lack of foreign support.[3]

Modern history

Austro-Hungarian authorities took it over in 1878, a decision which was made at the Berlin Congress. In 1908, Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina sparking the Bosnian crisis which eventually led to World War I.

After that war, Gacko joined the State of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, going on to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by the end of 1918. These were the first incarnations of Yugoslavia where Gacko remained until Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence in 1992.

Settlements

Aside from the town of Gacko, the municipality includes the following settlements:

Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1948 14,424 —    
1953 14,628 +0.28%
1961 13,296 −1.19%
1971 12,033 −0.99%
1981 10,279 −1.56%
1991 10,788 +0.48%
2013 8,990 −0.83%

According to the 2013 census results, the municipality of Gacko has 8,990 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Census year Total Serbs Muslims Croats Yugoslavs Others
Municipality data
1991 10,788 6,661 (61.74%) 3,858 (35.76%) 29 (0.26%) 84 (0.77%) 156 (1.44%)
1981 10,279 6,215 (60.46%) 3,424 (33.31%) 21 (0.20%) 346 (3.36%) 273 (2.65%)
1971 12,033 7,634 (63.44%) 4,184 (34.77%) 15 (0.12%) 20 (0.16%) 180 (1.49%)
Town data
1991 4,584 2,253 (49,15%) 2,144 (46,77%) 28 78 81

Economy

Gacko Power Plant

There is a thermoelectric powerplant in the municipality, which is the main employer. The Czech power company ČEZ intends to build a new power plant.[1][2]

The following table gives a preview of total number of registred employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[4]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 29
Mining and quarrying 754
Manufacturing 31
Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning 1,012
Distribution of water and water waste management 124
Construction 244
Wholesale and retail, repair 160
Transportation and storage 80
Hotels and restaurants 80
Information and communication 18
Finance and insurance 23
Real estate activities -
Professional, scientific and technical activities 14
Administrative and support services 2
Public administration and defence 155
Education 172
Healthcare and social work 80
Art, entertainment and recreation 35
Other service activities 33
Total 3,046

Sport

The local football club, FK Mladost Gacko, plays in the First League of the Republika Srpska.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ Fine, John Van Antwerp, Jr. (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. University of Michigan Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5.
  2. ^ SANU (1908). Glas. 78–80. SANU. p. 196.
  3. ^ Ćorović, Vladimir (2001) [1997]. "Преокрет у држању Срба". Историја српског народа (in Serbian). Belgrade: Јанус.
  4. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2018.

Bibliography

  • Bataković, Dušan T. (1996). The Serbs of Bosnia & Herzegovina: History and Politics. Dialogue Association.
  • HadžiMuhamedović, Safet (2018) Waiting for Elijah: Time and Encounter in a Bosnian Landscape. New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books.

External links

  • http://www.gacko-rs.info
  • http://www.virtualnahercegovina.com/index.php/vijesti/gacko
  • http://www.gacko.net

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