GOLD (ontology)

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GOLD ("General Ontology for Linguistic Description") is an ontology for descriptive linguistics. It gives a formalized account of the most basic categories and relations used in the scientific description of human language.

GOLD was first introduced by Farrar and Langendoen (2003). Originally, it was envisioned as a solution to the problem of resolving disparate markup schemes for linguistic data, in particular data from endangered languages. However, GOLD is much more general and can be applied to all languages. In its function, GOLD overlaps with the ISO_12620 Data Category Registry (ISOcat), it is, however, more stringently structured.

GOLD was maintained by the LINGUIST List and others from 2007 to 2010.[1] The RELISH project created a mirror of the 2010 edition of GOLD as a Data Category Selection within ISOcat. As of 2018, GOLD data remains an important terminology hub in the context of the Linguistic Linked Open Data cloud, but as it is not actively maintained anymore, its function is increasingly replaced by OLiA (for linguistic annotation, building on GOLD and ISOcat) and (for dictionary metadata, building on ISOcat).


  1. ^ GOLD versions
  • Scott Farrar and D. Terence Langendoen (2003) "A linguistic ontology for the Semantic Web." GLOT International. 7 (3), pp.97-100. [1]

External links

  • GOLD
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