Fuhlsbüttel

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Fuhlsbüttel
Quarter of Hamburg
Hamburg Airport Terminal 2
Hamburg Airport Terminal 2
Fuhlsbüttel  is located in Germany
Fuhlsbüttel
Fuhlsbüttel
Coordinates: 53°38′6″N 10°0′58″E / 53.63500°N 10.01611°E / 53.63500; 10.01611Coordinates: 53°38′6″N 10°0′58″E / 53.63500°N 10.01611°E / 53.63500; 10.01611
Country Germany
State Hamburg
City Hamburg
Borough Hamburg-Nord
Area
 • Total 6.6 km2 (2.5 sq mi)
Population (2016)
 • Total 12,590
 • Density 1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Dialling codes 040
Vehicle registration HH

About this sound Fuhlsbüttel  is an urban quarter in the north of Hamburg, Germany in the district Hamburg-Nord. It is known as the site of Hamburg's international airport, and as the location of a prison which served as a concentration camp in the Nazi system of repression.

History

Entrance of the Camp memorial Fuhlsbüttel

In 1871, at the declaration of the German Reich the village Fuhlsbüttel was given to the State of Hamburg.

Concentration camp Fuhlsbüttel

On 4 September 1933 parts of the prison Fühlsbüttel, originally built as a regular prison in 1879, were converted to a concentration camp [1] seven months after Hitler’s appointment as Chancellor of Germany (30 January 1933). First, it was placed under the command of the SA. Most of the inmates were Communists, Social Democrats and other political opponents of Nazism, Jews, Jehovah's Witnesses, Romani, homosexual men and others whom the regime wanted to lock up. In 1936, the Gestapo began running the camp, then called Polizeigefängnis Fuhlsbüttel (police prison). Over 700 people were interned in the camp following Kristallnacht in 1938. The Fuhlsbüttel concentration camp was referred to in common parlance as KolaFu (abbreviated from Konzentrationslager Fuhlsbüttel) and became a synonym for oppression and death through hard labor. Fuhlsbüttel was often an initial point of incarceration for prisoners who were sent on to other camps such as Buchenwald, Esterwegen, Neuengamme, Ravensbrück or Sachsenhausen. The camp was liberated on 3 May 1945, by which time over 250 people had been murdered there.

There is a memorial for the camp nearby. A famous political prisoner held at the camp was First World War veteran – turned pacifist – kapitänleutnant Hellmuth von Mücke.

Geography

In 2006 according to the statistical office of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein, the quarter Fuhlsbüttel has a total area of 6.6 square kilometres (3 sq mi).

Climate

Climate chart of Fuhlsbüttel, Hamburg, for the period of time from 1961 to 1990
Climate chart Hamburg 1986-2016

Hamburg Fuhlsbuettel has a temperate maritime climate.


Demographics

As of 2006, 11,890 people were living in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter. The population density was 1,806/km2 (4,678/sq mi). 14.6% were children under the age of 18, and 20.5% were 65 years of age or older. 9.7% were immigrants. 508 people were registered as unemployed.[2] In 1999 there were 6,768 households and 49.7% of all households were made up of individuals.[3]

According to the Department of Motor Vehicles (Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt), 5,004 private vehicles were registered in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter (425 vehicles/1,000 people).[4]

There were 2 elementary schools and 1 secondary school in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter and 26 physicians in private practice and 5 pharmacies.[4]

Transport

Fuhlsbüttel is served by the Hamburg U-Bahn (underground) line U1, with two stations, Fuhlsbüttel and Fuhlsbüttel Nord (formerly called Flughafenstraße).

Since December 2008, Fuhlsbüttel is also served by the Hamburg S-Bahn S1 with the Hamburg Airport station.[5]

Notable buildings

References

  1. ^ Official German list (in German) Archived April 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Residents registration office, source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  3. ^ Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (1999)
  4. ^ a b Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  5. ^ Staff (2008-12-14), Rapid Transit/Regional Rail (Network plan, pdf) (PDF), Hamburger Verkehrsverbund, archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-01-17, retrieved 2009-03-03 

External links

  • [1] History of Satelite Camp Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel Retrieved March 29, 2010
  • Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein Office of Statistics for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein, official website. Retrieved March 29, 2010 (in German)


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