Fritz Albert Lipmann

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Fritz Albert Lipmann
Portrait of Fritz Albert Lipmann (1899-1986), Biochemist (2551001689).jpg
Born (1899-06-12)June 12, 1899
Königsberg, Germany
Died July 24, 1986(1986-07-24) (aged 87)
Poughkeepsie, New York, U.S.
Nationality German-American
Alma mater University of Königsberg
University of Berlin
University of Munich
Kaiser Wilhelm Institute
Known for Co-discoverer in 1945 of coenzyme A
Spouse(s) Elfreda M. Hall Lipmann (m. 1931; 1 child) (1906-2008)
Awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1953)
National Medal of Science (1966)
Scientific career
Fields Biochemistry
Institutions Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research

Fritz Albert Lipmann, ForMemRS[1] (June 12, 1899 – July 24, 1986) was a German-American biochemist and a co-discoverer in 1945 of coenzyme A. For this, together with other research on coenzyme A, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1953 (shared with Hans Adolf Krebs).

Life and career

Lipmann was born in Königsberg, Germany, to a Jewish family. His parents were Gertrud (Lachmanski) and Leopold Lipmann, an attorney.[2]

Lipmann studied medicine at the University of Königsberg, Berlin, and Munich, graduating in Berlin in 1924. He returned to Königsberg to study chemistry under Professor Hans Meerwein. In 1926 he joined Otto Meyerhof at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, Berlin, for his Ph.D. thesis. After that he followed Meyerhof to Heidelberg to the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research.

From 1939 on, he lived and worked in the United States. He was a Research Associate in the Department of Biochemistry, Cornell University Medical College, New York from 1939 to 1941. He joined the research staff of the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston in 1941, first as a Research Associate in the Department of Surgery, then heading his own group in the Biochemical Research Laboratory of the Hospital. From 1949 to 1957 he was professor of biological chemistry at Harvard Medical School. From 1957 onwards, he taught and conducted research at Rockefeller University, New York City. He was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1966. He died in New York in 1986.[3] His widow Freda died in 2008 aged 101.

See also


  1. ^ Jencks, W. P.; Wolfenden, R. V. (2000). "Fritz Albert Lipmann. 12 June 1899 -- 24 July 1986: Elected For.Mem.R.S. 1962". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 46: 333. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1999.0088. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ [1]

External links

  • Nobel Prize biography
  • jewish virtual library biography
  • Leibniz Institute for Age Research - Fritz Lipmann Institute (FLI)
  • National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoir
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