Friedrichstadt

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Friedrichstadt
Frederiksstad
Friedrichstadt-markt2004.jpg
Coat of arms of Friedrichstadt Frederiksstad
Coat of arms
Friedrichstadt Frederiksstad is located in Germany
Friedrichstadt Frederiksstad
Friedrichstadt
Frederiksstad
Location of Friedrichstadt
Frederiksstad within Nordfriesland district
Friedrichstadt in NF.PNG
Coordinates: 54°22′N 9°04′E / 54.367°N 9.067°E / 54.367; 9.067Coordinates: 54°22′N 9°04′E / 54.367°N 9.067°E / 54.367; 9.067
Country Germany
State Schleswig-Holstein
District Nordfriesland
Government
 • Mayor Peter Hofmann
Area
 • Total 4.03 km2 (1.56 sq mi)
Elevation 6 m (20 ft)
Population (2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total 2,523
 • Density 630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 25840
Dialling codes 04881
Vehicle registration NF

Friedrichstadt (Danish: Frederiksstad) is a town in the district of Nordfriesland, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is situated on the river Eider approx. 12 km south of Husum. It was founded in 1621 by Dutch settlers. Duke Friedrich III of Holstein-Gottorp persuaded them to invest capital and knowledge in this region in turn for freedom of their Mennonite and Remonstrant religion (see: Arminianism) and opportunities to reclaim fen and marsh land in the vicinity of the town. One of them was Johannes Narssius. Dutch became an official language.

By 1630, many Arminians had already returned to the Netherlands. In 1633-1637 Frederick III sent an embassy to Tsar Michael I of Russia and to Shah Safi of Persia with a view to setting up Friedrichstadt as a European trade terminus. The delegation was led by the jurisconsult Philip Crusius, jurisconsult, and the merchant Otto Bruggemann or Brugman, of which their secretary - the scholar Adam Olearius - later wrote a book. However, the aim of creating a regular trading route that would not pass around Africa was not achieved, and the delegation proved fruitless. Altogether, the city of Friedrichstadt did not become as successful as anticipated.

Beside the Remonstrants and Mennonites there were also other faith communities as Unitarians, Quakers, Catholics and Jews.

Personalities

Sons and daughters of the city

Connected to Friedrichstadt

Hjalmar Schacht
  • Jürgen Ovens (1623-1678), Rembrandt pupil and court painter of the dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf, lived here and is buried in St. Christophorus Church
  • Louis Philippe I (1773-1850) lived a few months in the flight from the French Revolution Place and worked under a blanket as a home teacher
  • Hjalmar Schacht (1877-1970), German politician, banker, Reichsbank president and Reichswirtschaftsminister, his grandparents lived here

References

  1. ^ "Statistikamt Nord – Bevölkerung der Gemeinden in Schleswig-Holstein 4. Quartal 2016] (XLS-file)". Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein (in German).

External links

  • In search of the Dutch origin of Friedrichstadt and the surrounding polderlands, including walking tour
  • Friedrichstadt's official homepage.


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