Friedrich Gustav Piffl

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His Eminence
Friedrich Gustav Piffl
Cardinal, Archbishop of Vienna
Friedrich Gustav Piffl.jpg
Church Roman Catholic
Archdiocese Vienna
Installed 1 June 1913
Term ended 21 April 1932
Predecessor Franz Xaver Nagl
Successor Theodor Innitzer
Other posts Cardinal-Priest of San Marco
Ordination 8 January 1888
Consecration 1 June 1913
Created Cardinal 25 May 1914
by Pius X
Rank Cardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born (1864-10-15)15 October 1864
Lanškroun Austrian Empire (Present day Czech Republic)
Died 21 April 1932(1932-04-21) (aged 67)
Vienna Austria
Nationality Austrian
Coat of arms Friedrich Gustav Piffl's coat of arms
Styles of
Friedrich Gustav Piffl
COA cardinal AT Piffl Friedrich Gustav.png
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Vienna

Friedrich Gustav Piffl (15 October 1864 – 21 April 1932) was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Archbishop of Vienna.

Gustav Piffl was born in Lanškroun, Bohemia, in what was then Austria-Hungary. He was the son of Rudolf Piffl who was a bookseller and shopkeeper. He volunteered for a year in the Austrian army in his early life. After deciding to become a priest he entered the Teutonic College of S. Maria in Camposanto in Rome and later the Sankt'Augustin monastery, Austria. He joined the Congregation of the Canons Regular of Saint Augustine in 1883 taking the name Friedrich. He finished his studies at the University of Vienna, where he studied philosophy.


He was ordained on 8 January 1888. He worked in the Archdiocese of Vienna from 1888 until 1892 in spiritual work. He was the pastor and prior of the collegiate church of Klosterneuburg until 1913 and its provost from 1907 to 1913.


Pope Pius X appointed him Archbishop of Vienna on 2 May 1913. He was consecrated on 1 June 1913. Pope Pius raised him to the Cardinalate, creating him Cardinal-Priest of S. Marco on 25 May 1914. He participated in the conclaves of 1914 that elected Pope Benedict XV and 1922 that elected Pope Pius XI. He was the last prince-archbishop of Vienna, holding office at the dissolution of Austria-Hungary in 1918. He died in 1932 in Vienna at the age of 67.

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Franz Xaver Nagl
Archbishop of Vienna
2 May 1913 – 21 April 1932
Succeeded by
Theodor Innitzer
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