Frederick Trench (British Army officer)

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Frederick William Trench (detail), 1827, National Gallery, London

General Sir Frederick William Trench KCH (1775 – 6 December 1859), was a British Army officer and Tory politician.

Family background

Trench was the son of Michael Frederick Trench, a barrister and amateur architect, of Heywood, only son of Reverend Frederick Trench, of Ballinakill, in Queen's County (now County Laois). His mother was Anne Helena, daughter and heiress of Patrick Stewart, second son of James Stewart, of Killymoon, County Tyrone.[1] The Earls of Clancarty were members of another branch of the Trench family.[2]

Military career

He was commissioned as an ensign and lieutenant in the 1st Foot Guards then promoted to lieutenant and captain on 12 November 1807. Trench served on the quartermaster's staff in Sicily in 1806-7 and was part of the disastrous 1809 Walcheren Expedition. He was sent to Cadiz in 1811 during the Peninsular War until on 1 August he was promoted to major and appointed assistant quartermaster-general in the Kent district. After his appoint as deputy quartermaster-general to the corps on 25 November 1813, he accompanied General Sir Thomas Graham to Holland in 1814 as a lieutenant-colonel.[3] In 1814 he was placed on half-pay and became an aide-de-camp to the King on 27 May 1825. Under the Wellington ministry he was appointed Storekeeper of the Ordnance in 1829,[4] a post he held until 1831.[5] He was promoted to general in 1846.[6]

Political career

He sat as a Member of Parliament (MP) for Mitchell between 1806 and 1807,[7] for Dundalk between February and October 1812,[8] for Cambridge between 1819 and 1832[9] and for Scarborough between 1835 and 1847.[10]

Trench also proposed several "improvement schemes" in London, most notably The Embankment[11] (conceived to relieve traffic on the Strand and provide a pleasant riverside walk) but this was not completed until five years after he died[12] in Brighton on 6 December 1859.


  1. ^ Dictionary of Irish Architects 1720-1940: Trench, Michael Frederick
  2. ^ Michael Frederick Trench
  3. ^ Hart's Annual Army List, Special Reserve List, and Territorial Force List. John Murray. 1844. p. 23.
  4. ^ "No. 18582". The London Gazette. 5 June 1829. p. 1030.
  5. ^ Ordnance Storekeeper c. 1558-1855
  6. ^ "No. 20660". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 November 1846. p. 3987.
  7. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 3)
  8. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 4)
  9. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 1)
  10. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 2)
  11. ^ Sholto Percy (1841). Mechanics' Magazine and Journal of Science, Arts, and Manufactures. Knight and Lacey. p. 242.
  12. ^ National Gallery, Portrait Notes

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Trench, Frederick William". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Mr Frederick Trench
  • Trench, Frederick William (1841). Letter from sir Frederick Trench to the viscount Duncannon on his proposal for a quay on the north bank of the Thames.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Ainslie
Earl of Dalkeith
Member of Parliament for Mitchell
With: Sir Christopher Hawkins (never sat)
Succeeded by
Hon. Sir Arthur Wellesley
Henry Montgomery
Preceded by
Thomas Hughes
Member of Parliament for Dundalk
February–October 1812
Succeeded by
John Metge
Preceded by
Edward Finch
Robert Manners
Member of Parliament for Cambridge
With: Robert Manners 1819–1820
Charles Madryll Cheere 1820–1825
Marquess of Graham 1825–1832
Succeeded by
George Pryme
Thomas Spring Rice
Preceded by
Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
Sir George Cayley
Member of Parliament for Scarborough
With: Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt 1835–1837, 1841–1847
Sir Thomas Style, Bt 1837–1841
Succeeded by
Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
Earl of Mulgrave
Military offices
Preceded by
Mark Singleton
Storekeeper of the Ordnance
Succeeded by
Hon. Henry Duncan
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