Franz Ritter von Hauer

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Franz von Hauer

Franz Ritter von Hauer, or Franz von Hauer (January 30, 1822 – March 20, 1899), was an Austrian geologist.

Biography

Hauer was born in Vienna, the son of Joseph von Hauer (1778-1863), who was equally distinguished as a high Austrian official and authority on finance and as a palaeontologist.

He studied geology at the mining academy of Schemnitz (1839-1843), and for a time was engaged in official mining work in Styria. In 1846, he became assistant to Wilhelm von Haidinger at the mineralogical museum in Vienna; three years later he joined the imperial geological institute, and in 1866 he was appointed director. In 1886, he became superintendent of the Imperial Natural History Museum in Vienna.

Among his special geological works are those on the Cephalopoda of the Triassic and Jurassic formations of Alpine regions (1855-1856). he recognized and discovered 89 species and established the Middle and Late Triassic stratigraphical units of deep shelf environments. His most important general work was that of the Geological Map of Austro-Hungary, in twelve sheets (1867-1871; 4th ed. 1884, including Bosnia and Montenegro). This map was accompanied by a series of explanatory pamphlets.[1]

In 1882, he was awarded the Wollaston medal by the Geological Society of London.[2] He was also elected as the foreign correspondent of the Geological Society of London.[3] In 1892, von Hauer became a life-member of the upper house (Herrenhaus) of the Austrian parliament.[citation needed]

Notes

Regarding personal names: Ritter is a title, translated approximately as Sir (denoting a Knight), not a first or middle name. There is no equivalent female form.

Publications

  • Beiträge die Paläontolographie von Österreich (1858-1859)
  • Die Geologie und ihre Anwendung auf die Kenntnis der Bodenbeschaffenheit der Österr.-Ungar. Monarchie (1875; ed. 2, 1878).

References

  1. ^ "Franz Ritter von Hauer's work and one of the first loess map of Central Europe". Quaternary International. 234 (1-2): 4–9. 2011-04-01. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2010.04.008. ISSN 1040-6182. 
  2. ^ "The Geological Society of London - Wollaston Medal". www.geolsoc.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  3. ^ Woodward, Henry (1900). Geological Magazine. Cambridge University Press. 
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hauer, Franz, Ritter von". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  This work in turn cites:
    • Memoir by Dr. F. Tietze
    • Jahrbuch der K. K. geolog. Reichsanstalt (1899, reprinted 1900, with portrait)
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