Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

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Francis Josias
Francis Josias, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.jpg
Portrait of Francis Josias
Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Reign 4 September 1745 –
16 September 1764
Predecessor Christian Ernest
Successor Ernest Frederick
Born (1697-09-25)25 September 1697
Saalfeld, Saxe-Saalfeld, Holy Roman Empire
Died 16 September 1764(1764-09-16) (aged 66)
Rodach, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Holy Roman Empire
Spouse Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
Issue Ernest Frederick
Prince Johann Wilhelm
Princess Anna Sophie
Prince Christian Franz
Charlotte Sophie, Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Princess Fredericka Magdalene
Princess Fredericka Caroline
Prince Josias
House Wettin
Father John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Mother Charlotte Johanna of Waldeck-Wildungen
Religion Lutheranism

Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (25 September 1697, in Saalfeld – 16 September 1764, in Rodach) was a duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.


He was the fourth living son of Johann Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, the third born by his father's second wife Charlotte Johanna of Waldeck-Wildungen.

During his youth, Francis Josias served in the Imperial Army.

The death of his two older brothers Wilhelm Frederick (d. 28 July 1720) and Charles Ernest (d. 30 December 1720) made him the second in line in the succession of the duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, preceded only by his older half-brother, Christian Ernest.

When Christian Ernest married unequally in 1724, Francis Josias claimed the sole inheritance of the duchy. His father's will (1729), however, compelled him to rule jointly with his brother. In 1735, the support of the line of Saxe-Meiningen allowed him to effectively rule over Coburg on his own right, and Christian Ernest's death in 1745 made him the sole Duke. Already in 1733 he proclaimed primogeniture in the duchy, which, however, was confirmed by the Emperor only in 1747. From 1750 to 1755, he was regent of the duchy of Saxe-Weimar on behalf of Ernest Augustus II Konstantin.


In Rudolstadt on 2 January 1723 Franz Josias married Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. They had eight children:

  1. Ernest Frederick (b. Saalfeld, 8 March 1724 – d. Coburg, 8 September 1800)
  2. Johann Wilhelm (b. Coburg, 11 May 1726 – killed in battle, Hohenfriedberg, 4 June 1745)
  3. Anna Sophie (b. Coburg, 3 September 1727 – d. Coburg, 10 November 1728)
  4. Christian Franz (b. Coburg, 25 January 1730 – d. Coburg, 18 September 1797)
  5. Charlotte Sophie (b. Coburg, 24 September 1731 – d. Schwerin, 2 August 1810), married on 13 May 1755 to Ludwig of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  6. Fredericka Magdalene (b. Coburg, 21 August 1733 – d. Coburg, 29 March 1734)
  7. Frederica Caroline (b. Coburg, 24 June 1735 – d. Schloß Schwaningen, 18 February 1791), married on 22 November 1754 to Karl Alexander, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
  8. Frederick Josias (b. Ehrenburg Palace, Coburg, 26 December 1737 – d. Coburg, 26 February 1815)



  • August Beck: Franz Josias, Herzog von Sachsen-Koburg-Saalfeld. En: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Band 7, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1877, S. 296.
  • Das herzogliche Haus Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha. Seine Geschichte und gegenwärtige Stellung in Europa. C. Macklot, 1842, S. 234 ff. (Digitalisat)

External links

  • Pedigree at the Wayback Machine (archived October 26, 2009)
  • WW-Person: A database of the higher nobility in Europe.
Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Born: 25 September 1697 Died: 16 September 1764
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Christian Ernest
Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Succeeded by
Ernest Frederick
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