Fortification, New Zealand

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Fortification is located in New Zealand

Fortification is a locality in the western part of the Catlins region of Southland in New Zealand's South Island.[1] Nearby settlements include Quarry Hills and Waikawa to the southeast, Tokanui to the southwest, and Waimahaka to the west. It is over 50 km east of Southland's main centre, Invercargill.

The area was logged by timber companies which included Fortification Timber Co 1875[2] and Fortification Timber Co Ltd.[3] Subdivisions were created in 1914[4] under the Lands for Settlement Act[5] and the road to Te Peka improved after 1919.[6]


To serve forestry interests in the Fortification area, a bush tramway was built in the mid-1920s. It ran from Te Peka railway station on the Tokanui Branch eastwards to a sawmill in Fortification, and then divided into a number of branches to logging sites. The tramway's date of closure is unknown, but it occurred prior to the closure of the Tokanui Branch on 31 March 1966.[7] Tramways to a sawmill east of Fortification Hill were shown on 1944 one inch map S183.[8]


  1. ^ "Place name detail: Fortification". New Zealand Gazetteer. Land Information New Zealand. Retrieved 16 November 2007.
  2. ^ "COMMERCE AND FINANCE (Otago Daily Times, 1939-02-04)". Retrieved 2018-06-24.
  3. ^ "LONDON WOOL SALES (Evening Star, 1933-07-15)". Retrieved 2018-06-24.
  4. ^ "Page 6 Advertisements Column 5 (Southland Times, 1914-01-22)". Retrieved 2018-06-24.
  5. ^ "LAND HUNGER. (Mount Ida Chronicle, 1914-02-06)". Retrieved 2018-06-24.
  6. ^ "GOVERNMENT GRANTS (Southland Times, 1919-06-14)". Retrieved 2018-06-24.
  7. ^ New Zealand Railway and Tramway Atlas, fourth edition, edited by John Yonge (Essex: Quail Map Company, 1993), 30.
  8. ^ "Sheet S.183 Tokanui". Retrieved 2018-06-24.

Coordinates: 46°18′S 168°36′E / 46.30°S 168.60°E / -46.30; 168.60

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