Football at the 1920 Summer Olympics

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Men's football
at the Games of the VII Olympiad
Venue Olympisch Stadion
Date August 28–September 5
Competitors 190 from 14 nations
Medalists
1st, gold medalist(s) Belgium Belgium
2nd, silver medalist(s) Spain Spain
3rd, bronze medalist(s) Netherlands Netherlands
← 1912
1924 →

The football at the 1920 Summer Olympics, was one of the 154 events at the 1920 Summer Olympics, held in Antwerp. It was the fifth time association football was on the Olympic schedule. The tournament was contested by 14 teams, with host country Belgium winning the gold medal. Spain won silver, while the Netherlands won the bronze medal.

Venues

Antwerp
Football at the 1920 Summer Olympics (Belgium)
Antwerp
Olympisch Stadion Stadion Broodstraat
Capacity: 35,000 Capacity: Not known
Olympisch Stadion Antwerp 2.jpg
Ghent Brussels
Jules Ottenstadion Stade Joseph Marien
Capacity: Not known Capacity: Not known
Gentbruggeottenstadion 16072009.jpg Stade Joseph Marien.JPG

Squads

Tournament

Hosts and tournament winners Belgium before the final.

16 teams entered the competition, which was organized on a knockout basis, but Switzerland withdrew after the first round draw had been made, meaning France were given a first-round bye.

14 teams entered the first round, with the winners joining France in the quarter-finals, with Belgium receiving a first round forfeit after Poland failed to appear.

Perhaps the most far-reaching of the results was that which saw Norway defeat Great Britain in the first round. The British delegation were concerned with the rise in 'professional' opponents within the international game. As Bernard Joy in Association Football (1960) was to write: "Out of pocket expenses were paid far in excess of the reimbursement for hotels and travelling. ... [Payments] for time lost from work, were made for playing and training, and teams were taken off for intense preparation together. Whatever the reason or excuse, thinly-veiled professionalism was rampant." Ironically Norway were not a professional side. The complaint was, however, clearly addressed at a growing trend within the game.

Czechoslovakia, participating in their first international tournament, cruised to the final, inflicting heavy defeats on Yugoslavia (who played their first ever international match in the competition), Norway, and France.

After the first round forfeit, Belgium beat a talented Spain and the Netherlands on their way to the final.

The final ended with Belgium winning the gold medal by default after Czechoslovakia walked off during the final to protest the performance of the English referee, John Lewis.[1]

The Bergvall System[2] was used to determine second and third places. The beaten quarter-finalists played-off, Spain emerged triumphant overcoming Sweden 2-1 and Italy 2-0. Ordinarily, Spain would then have played the beaten finalists, but since Czechoslovakia had been disqualified from the tournament, Spain thus advanced straight to the silver medal match against the Netherlands, who were beaten in the semi-finals by gold medallists Belgium. Spain won 3-1.

Results

First round

August 28, 1920
10:00
Czechoslovakia  7–0  Yugoslavia
Vanik Goal 20'46'79'
Janda Goal 34'50'75'
Sedláček Goal 43'
Report
Stadion Broodstraat, Antwerp
Attendance: 600
Referee: Raphael Van Praag (BEL)

August 28, 1920
15:30
Spain  1–0  Denmark
Arabolaza Goal 54' Report
La Butte, Brussels
Attendance: 3,000
Referee: Willem Eymers (NED)

August 28, 1920
10:00
Italy  2–1  Egypt
Baloncieri Goal 25'
Brezzi Goal 57'
Report Osman Goal 30'
Jules Ottenstadion, Ghent
Attendance: 2,000
Referee: Paul Putz (BEL)

August 28, 1920
15:30
Norway  3–1  Great Britain
Gundersen Goal 13'51'
Wilhelms Goal 63'
Report Nicholas Goal 25'
Olympic Stadium, Antwerp
Attendance: 5,000
Referee: Johannes Mutters (NED)

August 28, 1920
17:30
Netherlands  3–0  Luxembourg
J. Bulder Goal 30'
Groosjohan Goal 47'85'
Report
La Butte, Brussels
Attendance: 3,000
Referee: Georges Hubrecht (BEL)

August 28, 1920
17:30
Sweden  9–0  Greece
Olsson Goal 4'79'
Karlsson Goal 15'20'21'51'85'
Wicksell Goal 25'
Dahl Goal 31'
Report
Olympic Stadium, Antwerp
Attendance: 5,000
Referee: Charles Barette (BEL)

Belgium were scheduled to play Poland, but Poland failed to arrive; Belgium were awarded a 2-0 victory.

Bye: France

Quarter-finals

August 29, 1920
10:00
Netherlands  5–4 (a.e.t.)  Sweden
Groosjohan Goal 10'57'
J. Bulder Goal 44'88' (pen.)
De Natris Goal 115'
Report Karlsson Goal 16'32'
Olsson Goal 20'
Dahl Goal 72'
Stadion Broodstraat, Antwerp
Attendance: 5,000
Referee: Josef Fanta (TCH)

August 29, 1920
16:30
Czechoslovakia  4–0  Norway
Vanik Goal 8'
Janda Goal 17'66'77'
Report
La Butte, Brussels
Attendance: 4,000
Referee: Charles Barette (BEL)

August 29, 1920
15:00
France  3–1  Italy
Boyer Goal 10'
Nicolas Goal 14'
Bard Goal 54'
Report Brezzi Goal 33' (pen.)
Olympic Stadium, Antwerp
Attendance: 10,000
Referee: Henri Christophe (BEL)

August 29, 1920
17:00
Belgium  3–1  Spain
Coppée Goal 11'52'55' Report Arrate Goal 62' (pen.)
Olympic Stadium, Antwerp
Attendance: 18,000
Referee: Johannes Mutters (NED)

Semi-finals

August 31, 1920
15:35
Czechoslovakia  4–1  France
Mazal Goal 18'75'87'
Steiner Goal 70'
Report Boyer Goal 79'
Olympic Stadium, Antwerp
Attendance: 12,000
Referee: Johannes Mutters (NED)

August 31, 1920
17:25
Belgium  3–0  Netherlands
Larnoe Goal 46'
Van Hege Goal 55'
Bragard Goal 85'
Report
Olympic Stadium, Antwerp
Attendance: 22,000
Referee: John Lewis (GBR)

Gold medal match

Herbert Carlsson (Sweden), topscorer of the tournament with 7 goals.

The final was highly controversial and is the only time an international final has been abandoned.

Belgium were awarded the gold medal by default after Czechoslovakia walked off the field in the 40th minute with the score 2-0 to protest the officiating after Czech left-back Karel Steiner was ejected for assaulting Robert Coppée.

They were unhappy with the performance of the 65-year-old English referee, John Lewis, who had already refereed the Belgian semi-final victory over the Netherlands, a match observed by the Czechs (it had taken place on the same day and in the same stadium as their own victory against France), as well as the English linesmen, Charles Wreford-Brown and A. Knight, who had allowed a contentious second Belgian goal in the 30th minute that Henri Larnoe had converted.

The Czechs immediately protested the result of the final. Their protests, translated from the original French, were as follows:

1. We were allocated an English linesman, which is in contradiction with the rules which state that each participating nation has the right to one of both linesman. This violation of the rules was prejudicial to us during the game, because the English linesman was not impartial and this is why we seek the cancellation of the match. Immediately after the game we brought this notice to the attention of M. Rodolphe Seeldrayers.

2. The majority of the decisions of the referee Mr. Lewis were wrong and it was obvious that it gave the public the wrong impression about our game. Also both Belgian goals were the result of incorrect decisions of the referee and we seek a rigorous investigation on that point.

3. During the match, Belgian soldiers were introduced to the crowd until they circled the pitch and because of their provocative presence our players were unable to play their normal game. As a result of the very regrettable incident at the end of the match when there was a pitch invasion led by the soldiers and our national flag was insulted we will not participate until we have received an apology from the (Belgian) soldiers.[3]

Czechoslovakia's protests were dismissed, and they were disqualified from the tournament.

September 2, 1920
17:30
Belgium  2–0  Czechoslovakia
Coppée Goal 6' (pen.)
Larnoe Goal 30'
Report
Olympic Stadium, Antwerp
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: John Lewis (GBR)

Sliver and bronze medal tournament

First round

August 31, 1920
10:00
Italy  2–1 (a.e.t.)  Norway
Sardi Goal 46'
Badini Goal 96'
Report Andersen Goal 41'
Stadion Broodstraat, Antwerp
Attendance: 500
Referee: Louis Fourgous (FRA)

September 1, 1920
12:00
Spain  2–1  Sweden
Belauste Goal 51'
Acedo Goal 53'
Report Dahl Goal 28'
Stadion Broodstraat, Antwerp
Attendance: 1,500
Referee: Giovanni Mauro (ITA)

Second round

September 2, 1920
12:00
Spain  2–0  Italy
Sesúmaga Goal 43'72' Report
Olympic Stadium, Antwerp
Attendance: 10,000
Referee: Paul Putz (BEL)

Third round

This round was scratched and Spain advanced to the final against the Netherlands (beaten in the semi-finals by Belgium) as Czechoslovakia were disqualified after their walk off during the final, and Belgium had a forfeit in the first round after Poland failed to arrive.

Silver and bronze medal match

September 5, 1920
15:00
Spain  3–1  Netherlands
Sesúmaga Goal 7'35'
Pichichi Goal 72'
Report Groosjohan Goal 68'
Olympic Stadium, Antwerp
Attendance: 14,000
Referee: Paul Putz (BEL)

Friendly match

This match was not part of the tournament, but was organised after both teams were eliminated. Some sources refer to this as an eighth place match or part of the silver and bronze medal tournament.

September 3, 1920
10:00
Egypt  4–2  Yugoslavia
Abaza Goal 43'??'
Allouba Goal ??'
Hegazi Goal ??'
Report Dubravčić Goal ??'
Ružić Goal ??'
Olympic Stadium, Antwerp
Attendance: 500
Referee: Rafael van Praag (NED)

Goalscorers

7 goals
6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal

Medalists

Gold Silver Bronze
 Belgium

Coach: Raoul Daufresne

 Spain

Coach: Francisco Bru

 Netherlands

Coach: Fred Warburton

References

  1. ^ "VII. Olympiad Antwerp 1920 Football Tournament". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-08-08. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 
  3. ^ http://www.la84foundation.org/SportsLibrary/JOH/JOHv1n4/JOHv1n4d.pdf#search='1920%20Czechoslovakia%20football'

External links

  • Olympic Football Tournament Antwerp 1920, FIFA.com
  • RSSSF - 1920 Olympic Games
  • Article about the 1920 Olympic football tournament
  • 1920 Antwerp's Olympic Football Tournament
  • The VII Summer Games - Football
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