Flag of Mongolia

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Mongolia
Flag of Mongolia.svg
Name Mongolian State Flag
Use National flag
Proportion 1:2
Adopted January 12, 1992
(colors standardized July 8, 2011)
Design A vertical triband of red (hoist-side and fly-side) and blue with the Soyombo symbol centred on the hoist-side of the red band.

The flag of Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол улсын төрийн далбаа, romanized: Mongol ulsyn töriin dalbaa, lit. 'State flag of Mongolia') is a vertical tricolor with a red stripe at each side and a blue stripe in the middle, with the Mongolian Soyombo symbol centering on the leftmost stripe. The blue stripe represents the eternal blue sky, and the red stripes symbolise thriving forever. The Soyombo symbol is a geometric abstraction that represents fire, sun, moon, earth, water, and a Taijitu symbol representing the duality of yin and yang.

The current flag was adopted on January 12, 1992,[1], with the current official color standards being set on July 8, 2011. Prior to 1992, the flag had a communist star above the Soyombo, during the final 47 years of the Mongolian People's Republic.

Historical flags

Flag Date Description
Flag of Bogd Khaanate Mongolia.svg 1911–1920 Flag of the Bogd Khanate of Mongolia after its declaration of independence during the fall of the Chinese Qing dynasty. The flag's exact design was not standardized and variations occurred from flag to flag.[2][3][4]
Flag of China (1912–1928).svg 1920–1921 Flag of the Republic of China used during the Chinese occupation of Mongolia.[5]
Flag of Bogd Khaanate Mongolia.svg 1921–1924 Return to the previous royalist flag of the Bogd Khanate used before the occupation, but simply as a "formality" after the communist victory in the Revolution of 1921.
Flag of the Mongolian People's Republic (1924–1930).svg 1924–1930 The first flag of the Mongolian People's Republic[6][7][5][8][9][10] as described by the Mongolian Constitution of 1924.[11] The flags exact shape and design was not completely standardized (only described as "The flag is red with the state emblem at the centre")[11] and can be seen with some variations in regards to the text and shape of the flag, etc.[12][13][14] The flag kept seeing usage during the 1930's despite the adoption of a new flag, until the adoption of the 1940 constitution and flag.[14][15]
Flag of the Mongolian People's Republic (1930–1940).svg 1930–1940 The second flag of the Mongolian People's Republic.[5][16][17][7][6] This flag did not see much common use compared to its predecessor and successor and some sources omit it completely from the chronology of flags.
Flag of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1940-1945).svg 1940–1945 The third flag of the Mongolian People's Republic after the Second Mongolian Constitution was adopted in 1940. It is described as "consisting of 1:2 sized red cloth with the state emblem in the center and "Mongol People's Republic" written on either side".[18][11][5][19]
Flag of the Mongolian People's Republic (1945–1992).svg 1945–1992 The fourth flag of the Mongolian People's Republic until the end of the regime. It was adopted in 1945, but not officially until 1949. Its description was put into the Third Mongolian Constitution, 1960.[6][5]

Other flags of Mongolia

Flag Date Description
Flag of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1921-1924).svg 1921–1924 Flag of the Communist Revolutionary Provisional Government of Mongolia used during the Mongolian Revolution of 1921. There exists no images or surviving examples of this flag, only descriptions. Therefore, exact dimensions of the flags shape and the position of the symbol is unknown.[6]
Flag of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1924-1930; variant).svg 1924–1940 Flag of the Mongolian People's Republic, with an unusual blue Soyombo, according to William Cramptons World of Flags, which contradicts Mongolian sources, including the Mongolian State History Museum in Ulaanbaatar,[6][7][8][9] contemporary depictions[15][13] and photographic evidence of the official flag of 1924 in use at that time.[20][21]
Flag of the Mongolian National Olympic Committee.svg Flag of the Mongolian National Olympic Committee.
Mongolian Armed forces banner.svg Flag of the Mongolian Armed Forces.
Mongolian Armed forces - Ground force banner.svg Flag of the Mongolian Ground Force
Mongolian Armed forces - Air force banner.svg Flag of the Mongolian Air Force

Colors

Flag of Mongolia (2009)

Official color standards for the flag were approved in July 2011.[22]

Flag of Mongolia.svg
Colors scheme
Blue Red Yellow
CMYK 100-43-0-30 0-85-77-15 0-15-100-0
HEX #0066b3ff #da2032ff #ffd900ff
RGB 0-102-179 218-32-50 255-217-0

See also

References

  1. ^ FOTW:Flag Dates by country
  2. ^ "Flag of Bogd Khaanate Mongolia (1)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Flag of Bogd Khaanate Mongolia (2)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  4. ^ "Flag of Bogd Khaanate Mongolia (3)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e Cahoon, Ben. "Mongolia". worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Mongolia". crwflags.com.
  7. ^ a b c "ТАНИН МЭДЭХҮЙ". selenge.nso.mn. National Statistics Office of Mongolia. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  8. ^ a b Farmer, Val (24 April 2013). "Musings in Mongolia". Mongolian Parliament. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Mongolian Statehood History Museum (1)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Mongolian Statehood History Museum (1924 Flag)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  11. ^ a b c Inner Asia Volume 9. Global Oriental. 2007.
  12. ^ "Тусгаар тогтнол чамайг тунхаглан бичнэ би". undesten.mn. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  13. ^ a b ""МОНГОЛЫН СОНГОДОГ БҮТЭЭЛҮҮД" ҮЗЭСГЭЛЭН НЭЭЛТЭЭ ХИЙЛЭЭ". nam.mn. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  14. ^ a b https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/mn/1/14/Mongol-Manjur_border_conference_1937.jpg Photo from the Manzhouli conference (1935-1936) which shows the flag of Manchukuo and Mongolia
  15. ^ a b Д.Батбаяр. "Anti-Buddhism poster, 1932". newspress.mn. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  16. ^ Атлас командира РККА. Атлас командира РККА. 1938. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  17. ^ "Mongolian Statehood History Museum (2)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  18. ^ Peaslee, A.J. (1956). Constitutions of Nations. Second Edition. Martinus Nijhoff.
  19. ^ "Constitution of the Mongol People's Republic (June 30, 1940)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  20. ^ Наминчимэд, Баасангийн. "Жинхэнэ эх орончдыг үгүйлэх цаг..." trends.mn. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  21. ^ "Монгол, Манжгогийн хилийн хэлэлцээ". mongoltoli.mn. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  22. ^ "Төрийн далбаа стандарттай болов". Ерөнхийлөгчийн тамгын газар 100-60-0-0 10-100-90-0 0-15-100-0. 2011-07-08. Archived from the original on 2012-04-16. Retrieved 2012-03-13.
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