Flag of Croatia

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Republic of Croatia
Flag of Croatia.svg
Name Trobojnica
(The Tricolour)
Use National flag
Proportion 1:2
Adopted 21 December 1990
Design A horizontal tricolour of red, white, and blue with the Coat of Arms of Croatia in the centre.
Designed by Miroslav Šutej[1]
Civil Ensign of Croatia.svg
Variant flag of Republic of Croatia
Use Civil and state ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 1992
Design Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue superimposed by the Croatian coat of arms.
Naval Ensign of Croatia.svg
Variant flag of Republic of Croatia
Use Naval ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 1992
Design Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue superimposed by the emblem of the Croatian Navy.

The national flag of Croatia (Croatian: Zastava Hrvatske) or The Tricolour (Trobojnica) is one of the state symbols of Croatia. It consists of three equal size, horizontal stripes in colours red, white and blue. In the middle is the coat of arms of Croatia.

History

The flag combines the colours of the flags of the Kingdom of Croatia (red and white), the Kingdom of Slavonia (blue and white) and partially of the Kingdom of Dalmatia (blue and yellow). Those three kingdoms are the historic constituent states of the Croatian Kingdom.

The red-white-blue tricolour has been used as the Croatian flag since 1848, and the pan-Slavic colours are widely associated with romantic nationalism. While the Banovina of Croatia existed within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, it had a similar flag without the modern crown above the chequy. During the Independent State of Croatia, the flag was like the modern, but without crown and there was the letter "U" at the top left of the flag. Also, the first field of Croatian chequy was white. While Croatia was part of the SFR Yugoslavia its tricolour was the same, but it had a five-pointed red star with a yellow border in place of the coat of arms. The star was replaced by the coat in May 1990, shortly after the first multiparty elections. The current flag and the coat of arms were officially adopted on 21 December 1990, about ten months before the proclamation of independence from Yugoslavia and a day before the Constitution of Croatia on 22 December 1990.

Shield

The shield is in the red and white checks of Croatia. Above is a crown made of shields of its various regions. From left to right they are the ancient arms of Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria and Slavonia.

Colours

Croatian flag at the Knin Fortress
The largest flying flag in Croatia, atop the Srđ mountain over the city of Dubrovnik

The following colours are specified for use in the flag:[2]

Scheme Red White Cyan Blue Yellow Black
Pantone 186 C Transparent white Process Cyan C Reflex Blue C 108 C Process Black C
CMYK 0-100-100-0 0-0-0-0 100-0-0-0 100-82-0-2 0-6-95-0 0-0-0-100
RGB 255-0-0 255-255-255 0-147-221 23-23-150 247-219-23 0-0-0
Hex #ff0000 #ffffff #0093dd #171796 #f7db17 #000000

Unicode

The national flag of Croatia is represented as the Unicode emoji sequence U+1F1ED 🇭 REGIONAL INDICATOR H and U+1F1F7 🇷 REGIONAL INDICATOR R.[3]

Historical flags

Other official flags in Croatia

Naval and other official flags

Naval Ensign
Naval Ensign
Naval Jack
Naval Jack
Flag of the President and the Commander-in-Chief
Flag of the President and the Commander-in-Chief
Flag of the Minister of Defence
Flag of the Minister of Defence
Flag of the Chief of the General Staff
Flag of the Chief of the General Staff
Flag of the Commander of the Croatian Navy
Flag of the Commander of the Croatian Navy
Flag of the Admiral of the Fleet
Flag of the Admiral of the Fleet
Flag of the Admiral
Flag of the Admiral
Flag of the Vice Admiral
Flag of the Vice Admiral
Flag of the Rear Admiral
Flag of the Rear Admiral
Flag of the Commodore
Flag of the Commodore
Pennant of the commander of a fleet of naval vessels
Pennant of the commander of a fleet of naval vessels
Pennant of the commander of a flotilla of naval vesse
Pennant of the commander of a flotilla of naval vesse
Pennant of the commander of a division of naval vessels
Pennant of the commander of a division of naval vessels
Pennant of the commander of a group of naval vessels
Pennant of the commander of a group of naval vessels
Pennant of the most senior commander of a naval vessel
Pennant of the most senior commander of a naval vessel
Pennant of the commander of a naval vessel
Pennant of the commander of a naval vessel
Flag of the Speaker of the Croatian Parliament
Flag of the Speaker of the Croatian Parliament
Flag of the President of the Government of the Republic of Croatia
Flag of the President of the Government of the Republic of Croatia
Flag of the General of the Armed Forces
Flag of the General of the Armed Forces

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Flag of the Republic of Croatia". Croatian Parliament. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  2. ^ "Hrvatski sabor - Grafički standardi zastave RH". Sabor.hr. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  3. ^ "🇭🇷 Flag for Croatia Emoji". Retrieved 2018-10-30.

External links

  • Croatia at Flags of the World
  • Everything about the Croatian flags
  • History of the Croatian Flag in brief
  • Historical Flags (1848-1918)
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