Flag of Cambodia

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Cambodia
Flag of Cambodia.svg
Name Khmer: ទង់ជាតិកម្ពុជា
(The national flag of Cambodia)
Use National flag and ensign
Proportion 16:25
Adopted 1993 (previously used 1948–1970)
Design Three horizontal bands of blue, red (double width) and blue, with a depiction of Angkor Wat in white centred on the red band.

The national flag of Cambodia (Khmer: ទង់ជាតិ កម្ពុជា Tung-Cheat, "National flag") in its present form was originally adopted in 1948 and readopted in 1993, after the Constituent Assembly election in 1993 and restoration of the monarchy.

Since around 1850, the Cambodian flag has featured a depiction of Angkor Wat in the centre. The current flag, with a blue border and red central (the stripes are in the ratio 1:2:1) was adopted following Cambodia's independence in 1948. It was used until 9 October 1970, when a new flag was introduced for Lon Nol's Khmer Republic that lasted until the takeover of the Khmer Rouge in 1975. The subsequent state of Democratic Kampuchea, which existed from 1975 to 1979, used a red flag with a three-towered Angkor Wat design retained in yellow beginning in 1976. The People's Republic of Kampuchea was established in 1979, after the Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia.

The Kampuchean National United Front for National Salvation (FUNSK) revived the flag adopted by the Khmer Issarak in the days of anti-French resistance for the new state. This flag had the same colour pattern as the DK flag, but with a yellow five-towered Angkor Wat silhouette. When the PRK renamed itself as "State of Cambodia" (SOC) in 1989, the flag's lower half became blue. The UNTAC flag was used during the 1992–1993 transitional period along with the flag of the SOC within Cambodia.

In 1993, the 1948 Cambodian flag was readopted. The current Cambodian flag, together with the flag of Afghanistan, the flag of Spain, and the flag of Portugal, hold the distinction of being the only four state flags to feature a building. Red and blue are traditional colours of Cambodia.

The flag used today is the same as that established in 1948, although the older flag is sometimes said to have used a red outline for Angkor Wat while the current flag uses black specifically. Since that time, five other intervening designs have been used. Almost all made use of the image of the temple of Angkor Wat in one form or another. This famous temple site, which dates from the 12th century, was built by the Mahidharapura monarchs. It has five towers, but these were not always all depicted in the stylised version used on flags. The monarchy was restored in September 1993, the 1948 flag having been readopted in June of that year.

Symbolism

Symbols Meaning People
Angkor Wat Integrity, Justice and Heritage Religion
Blue Liberty, Cooperation and Brotherhood King
Red Bravery Nation

Royal standard

Royal Standard of the King of Cambodia
Royal Standard of the King of Cambodia.svg
Adopted 1993
Design azure, the royal arms or

The Royal Standard of the King of Cambodia (Khmer: ទង់ព្រះមហាក្សត្រ; literally, "King's Flag") is the personal flag of the Cambodian monarch. It was officially adopted in 1993, but its initial use dates back to 1941. It is also considered among the national symbols of Cambodia.

Vertical display of the Flag of Cambodia

Historical national flags

Flag Duration Use
Flag of Cambodia (pre-1863).svg Pre-1863 Flag of the Khmer Empire
Flag of Cambodia under French protection.svg 1863 – 1948 Flag of the Kingdom of Cambodia during the French protectorate (1863 - 1941, 1945 - 1948) and the Japanese occupation (1941 - 1945).
Flag of Cambodia under Japanese occupation.svg Claimed to be from March–October 1945 Dubious claimed flag of Cambodia during the Japanese occupation of Cambodia[1]
Flag of Cambodia.svg 1948–1970, 1993–present Flag of the Kingdom of Cambodia during the French protectorate (1948 – 1953) and after independence from France (1953 – 1970) and since the restoration of the monarchy in 1993.
Flag of the Khmer Republic.svg 1970–1975 Flag of the Khmer Republic
Flag of Cambodia.svg 1975–1976, 1990-1993 Flag of Democratic Kampuchea and National Government of Cambodia
Flag of Democratic Kampuchea.svg 1976–1992 Flag of Democratic Kampuchea and Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea
Flag of the People's Republic of Kampuchea.svg 1979–1989 Flag of the People's Republic of Kampuchea
Flag of the State of Cambodia.svg 1989–1991 Flag of the State of Cambodia[2]
Flag of Cambodia under UNTAC.svg 1992–1993 Flag of the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Cambodia - Japanese Occupation of World War II". Crwflags.com. Retrieved 2017-12-21. . Note: other sources dispute the existence of this flag.
  2. ^ "Cambodian Flag History". Crwflags.com. Retrieved 2017-12-21. 

External links

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