Five-a-side football

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Men playing football on artificial grass pitch.
Five-a-side game on astroturf pitch, Singapore

Five-a-side football is a variation of association football in which each team fields five players (four outfield players and a goalkeeper). Other differences from football include a smaller pitch, smaller goals, a reduced game duration. Matches are played indoors, or outdoors on AstroTurf or artificial grass pitches that may be enclosed within a barrier or "cage" to prevent the ball from leaving the playing area and keep the game flowing.

Rules

The penalty area is significantly different from football: it is semi-circular in shape, only the goalkeeper is allowed to touch the ball within it, and he or she may or may not be allowed out. Goalkeepers are only allowed to give the ball out to another player through hands. The goalkeeper may only kick the ball if it is in the course of making a save. There are no offside rules. Headers are allowed. No protocol of deliberate handball vs accidental handball - referee needs to make a decission based on the distance from where the ball was hit. Yellow cards may result in the offending player being sent to the "sin bin" for a pre-determined length of time. Red cards work in the same way as the 11-a-side game. Charging/sliding tackles are awarded a yellow card.

Additionally, metal studded boots or blades cannot be worn, as it damages the playing surface. Players are also required to wear shin guards but this is usually at the discretion of the referee.

Five-a-side is commonly played informally, and the rules are therefore flexible and are sometimes decided immediately before play begins; this is in contrast to futsal, for which official laws are published by FIFA.

The English FA have drawn up a full list of laws for the small-sided game which expands upon the rules outlined above and includes minimum/maximum pitch dimensions as well as technicalities on free-kicks and other parts of the game.[1][2][3][4]

Variations

Futsal

Futsal is a version of indoor five-a-side football developed by the Asociación Mundial de Fútbol de Salón (AMF / English:World Futsal Association). It currently has two governing bodies: Asociación Mundial de Fútbol de Salón, and the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA).

Indoor soccer

Indoor soccer is an indoor variant played primarily in North America, typically with six-a-side teams on a ice hockey sized pitch.

Beach soccer

Beach Soccer is a variation on five-a-side football in that it is played on a sandy surface. Rules do not greatly differ from those found in regular five-a-side football.

Diagram of seven-a-side football pitch showing pitch markings and dimensions.
Seven-a-side pitch markings. Dimensions and shape of penalty area may differ for other variants.

Six-a-side football

A variation with increased pitch size and number of players on a team. In this variation there are five outfield players and one goalkeeper on the pitch for each team at any one time. Rules do not greatly differ from those found in five-a-side football.

Seven-a-side football

This is another variation with increased pitch and team size; in this case with six outfield players and a goalkeeper on each side. The rules generally do not differ from those from five-a-side.[5]

SUB Football

This is a variation of seven-a-side football primarily played in Australia and New Zealand. The rules have been modified slightly to encourage new players to the game, with strict enforcement of non-contact and two ways to score points: by scoring a goal in the same manner as the other formats, or by scoring a board that is on either side of the goal. The boards are usually 2.5m long and one third of the height of the goal. A goal is 3 points and a board is 1 point. When the ball goes out of play, it may be kicked or thrown in. This applies to the sideline and corners.[6][7]

Organisations

There are many operators of five-a-side football in the UK, who run and organise small-sided football leagues at outdoor and indoor venues across the United Kingdom.[8]

The F5WC is the world's largest amateur five-a-side football tournament in the world with over 48 participating nations.[citation needed]

Youth organisations

The popularity of five-a-side youth football has grown tremendously within the US. [9] [10] Many organisations have chosen this format and modified it slightly to promote an environment where children can excel early in youth sports. [11] American Youth Soccer Organization, United States Youth Soccer Association, and Fun Fair Positive Soccer are among the largest organisations bringing this format to the regional US-based youth soccer arena. [12] [13] [12] [14] [15] [16]

Sponsorships

In recent years a few five-a-side teams have found themselves with sponsorship deals amounting up to thousand of pounds contracts. Sponsors feel with the vast numbers of participation in five-a-side football rising in the UK that it is a good place to advertise and tend to sponsor competition winners or league winners at local facilities so that they know that their deals are with the best five-a-side teams around the area.[17]

See also

References

  1. ^ "TheFA.com - Small Sided Football - Laws of the Game". The FA. Retrieved 2016-05-20. 
  2. ^ David Conn (2012-05-28). "FA votes for smaller-sided matches for young footballers | Football". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-07-16. 
  3. ^ Football (2012-05-28). "Football Association make historic decision on future of youth football for the future good of England". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 2012-07-16. 
  4. ^ Roan, Dan (2012-05-28). "BBC Sport - Football Association vote in favour of youth football changes". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-07-16. 
  5. ^ "FA changes to youth football – what's in store? « Club Website – News and Updates". Clubwebsite.co.uk. 2012-05-31. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
  6. ^ "SUB football is on the way". Stuff. Retrieved 2017-08-09. 
  7. ^ "Sub Football Call For Teams For 14th Season | Scoop News". www.scoop.co.nz. Retrieved 2017-08-09. 
  8. ^ Terry Macalister (2007-09-03). "Popularity of five-a-side kicks off profits | Business". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
  9. ^ ESPN FC, Relegation Zone, Sep. 20, 2012, Soccer's big takeover
  10. ^ New York Times, July 23, 2010, Soccer's Growth in the U.S. Seems Steady
  11. ^ Livestrong.com, Jan. 6, 2011, The History of Women's High School Soccer
  12. ^ a b AYSO National Rules & Regulations AYSO 2011 - 2012 Version
  13. ^ At a Glance | US Youth Soccer
  14. ^ About AYSO
  15. ^ Fun-Fair-Positive Soccer (FFPS) - Houston Youth Soccer for Kids
  16. ^ Fun-Fair-Positive Soccer (FFPS) - Houston Soccer for Kids - Katy and the Greater Houston Area
  17. ^ Hans Kundnani (2006-10-03). "Five-a-side fever nets increased turnover for Powerleague | Business". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
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