First Burial Ground (Woburn, Massachusetts)

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First Burial Ground
First Burial Ground, Woburn MA.jpg
First Burial Ground
First Burial Ground (Woburn, Massachusetts) is located in Massachusetts
First Burial Ground (Woburn, Massachusetts)
First Burial Ground (Woburn, Massachusetts) is located in the US
First Burial Ground (Woburn, Massachusetts)
Location Woburn, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°28′54″N 71°9′11″W / 42.48167°N 71.15306°W / 42.48167; -71.15306Coordinates: 42°28′54″N 71°9′11″W / 42.48167°N 71.15306°W / 42.48167; -71.15306
NRHP reference # 04001222[1]
Added to NRHP November 13, 2004

The First Burial Ground or Park Street Burial Ground is a historic cemetery on Park Street near Centre Street in Woburn, Massachusetts. Established c. 1646, it is the city's first and oldest cemetery. It occupies a 1.4-acre (0.57 ha) parcel at the corner of Park and Centre Streets near Woburn Square. Most of the burials took place before 1794, and are marked by slate headstones. The last documented burial took place in 1903. In a manner typical of early colonial cemeteries, there is no formal circulation pattern, and graves are not laid out in any formal, organized manner.[2]

There are several prominent burials in the cemetery. Probably the most well-known individuals interred here are members of the Baldwin family. Loammi Baldwin, an American Revolutionary War veteran and early civil engineer, is buried here, as are two of his sons, Loammi Baldwin, Jr. and James Fowle Baldwin, both of whom followed their father into the civil engineering profession. Locally notable burials include Edward Johnson (1598-1672), one of Woburn's founders, and four of its early ministers. Another prominent family monument is that of the Fowle family, an 8-foot (2.4 m) column topped by an urn.[2]

Some of the early grave markers were carved by Joseph Lamson, a noted Charlestown carver. Stones attributed to him include slate markers carved with a traditional winged-skull motif, where the skull features eyebrows, a unique characteristic of his work. Lamson and other members of his family are known to have carved many markers in the area throughout the 18th century.[2]

The cemetery was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2004.[1] The cemetery is currently locked and can only be opened on weekdays by calling the Woburn Cemetery Commission.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ a b c "NRHP nomination for First Burial Ground". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2014-02-23.
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