File:Human chromosome X - 400 550 850 bphs.png

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Description
English: Ideograms of G-band pattern of human X chromosome in three different resolutions (400, 550 and 850 bphs, bands per haploid set). Different resolutions are corresponding to different band patterns observed through mitotic phase (about relation between banding resolution and mitotic phase, see, for example, Fig.3 in W Sethakulvichaia (2012)).

Legend: Black and gray is Giemsa positive. Red is centromere. Light blue is variable region. Dark blue is stalk.

At the right, centromere position (center) and q arm terminus position (bottom), counted from p arm terminus (top) in Mbp (mega base pairs), are labeled. Physical length (sometimes referred as "absolute length") is not labeled. Because physical length of chromosomes vary while mitosis. (typical human chromosome physical length is in the order of from several micrometers to ten and several micrometers. See, for example, Category:Human chromosome images with scale bars.).
日本語: ギムザ染色時に見られるヒトX染色体の、400, 550, 850という三つの異なる解像度(bphs, bands per haploid set、ハプロイドセット当たりバンド数)での、バンド図。異なる解像度は、染色体が染色体凝縮の過程で見せる、異なるバンドパターンに相当する(染色体凝縮とバンドパターンの解像度の関係については例えば W Sethakulvichaia (2012) の図3などを参照のこと)。黒および灰色はギムザ染色で染まる部分を、赤色はセントロメアを、淡い青色は変異領域を、濃い青色は付随体柄を、それぞれ表す。

右端には、p腕末端(画像上端)からMbp(メガベースペア、百万塩基対)単位で数えた、セントロメアの位置(画像中央)とq腕末端の位置(画像下端)を示す。染色体の物理的長さ(絶対長さとも言われる)は染色体凝縮の過程で変化するため記されていない(ただしヒト染色体のおよその物理的長さは、数μmから十数μmのオーダー。Category:スケールバー付きヒト染色体画像 などを参照のこと)。

バンド図の描画は米国NCBIの Genome Decoration Page による。描画に使用されたデータはゲノム・リファレンス・コンソーシアム2014年発表のヒトゲノム・ビルド38・パッチ2(GRCh38.p2)。バンド図を描くために使用された生データは、下のSource欄のリンクから取得できる。
Date
Source Ideograms are by NCBI's Genome Decoration Page.

Data used to describe ideograms is GRCh38.p2 (Genome Reference Consortium Human Build 38 patch release 2 (2014)).

Raw data is available at

"bp_start" and "bp_stop" represent starting and ending point of each bands in base pair position. "iscn_start" and "iscn_stop" represent starting and ending point of each bands, in standard diagrams of "An International System for Human Cytogenetic Nomenclature."
Author National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine
Other versions
550 bphs
Human chromosome ideograms from NCBI's Genome Decoration Page
Human chromosome 01 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 02 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 03 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 04 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 05 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 06 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 07 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 08 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 09 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 10 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 11 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 12 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 13 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 14 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 15 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 16 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 17 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 18 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 19 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 20 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 21 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome 22 - 400 550 850 bphs.png
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Human chromosome X - 400 550 850 bphs.png
X
Human chromosome Y - 400 550 850 bphs.png
Y

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Please ensure that this image was actually created by the US Federal government; the NIH frequently uses commercial images which are not public domain. Email the source site if it is not clearly stated that this specific work is in the public domain.
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