File:Hip replacement Image 3684-PH.jpg

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Description
Čeština: Totální endoprotéza kyčelního kloubu
Deutsch: Röntgenaufnahme einer Hüfte. Das rechte Hüftgelenk des Patienten (im Bild links) wurde durch eine Prothese ersetzt.
English: An A-P X-ray of a pelvis showing a total hip joint replacement. The right hip joint (on the left in the photograph) has been replaced. A metal prostheses is cemented in the top of the right femur and the head of the femur has been replaced by the rounded head of the prosthesis. A white plastic cup is cemented into the acetabulum to complete the two surfaces of the artificial "ball and socket" joint.

Although not the case here, hip prostheses can also be made of a ceramic material which rarely wears out during the patient's lifetime. During the operation, a bonding cement is used to fix the metal prostheses into the shaft of the femur and the plastic cup to the acetabulum (socket in the hip bone). One of the leading reasons for hip replacement is osteoarthritis of the hip joint in which virtually all of the cartilage around the top of the femur bone deteriorates due to wear over time, leaving a grinding bone-on-bone situation with the bone surfaces becoming roughened leading to pain and stiffness. Narrowing of joint space (the space between the acetabulum and the head of the femur) is also a feature of osteoarthritis. There may be other changes which are not entirely clear on this A-P X-ray, which probably should be reported together with lateral X-rays of the hips, or with modern computerised imaging techniques.

Keywords: total hip replacement, prosthesis, osteoarthritis, X-ray.
Français : Remplacement total de l'articulation de la hanche. La hanche droite de ce patient (à gauche sur la photo) a été remplacée par une articulation artificielle. L'articulation artificielle mime les formes naturelles, la tête du fémur étant remplacée par une tête métallique insérée dans la moële de l'os, et s'insérant dans une cupule en plastique blanc insérée dans le bassin. L'une des raisons les plus fréquentes de remplacement de l'articulation de la hanche est souvent l'arthrose.
Date
Source from NIH Here. Credit: NIADDK, 9AO4 (Connie Raab-contact); NIH.
Author X-ray Image ID: 3684. Photographer: Unknown.
Permission
(Reusing this file)
Public domain This image is a work of the National Institutes of Health, part of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain.
NIH logo.svg
Picture of the day This image was selected as picture of the day on Wikimedia Commons for . It was captioned as follows:
English: The patient’s right hip joint replaced by a metal head and a plastic cup.

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Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment
current 17:32, 19 May 2006 Thumbnail for version as of 17:32, 19 May 2006 5,556 × 4,468 (602 KB) Gorgo high-res version
10:01, 17 May 2006 Thumbnail for version as of 10:01, 17 May 2006 746 × 600 (34 KB) Teveten from en.wiki http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Hip_replacement_Image_3684-PH.jpg {{PD-USGov-HHS-NIH}}
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