File:Edwin Smith Papyrus v2.jpg

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العربية: بردية إدوين سميث، أقدم وثيقة جراحية في العالم باقية حتى الأن . مكتوبة باللغة الهيراطيقية في مصر القديمة منذ حوالي 1600 سنة قبل الميلاد. تصف البردية الملاحظات التشريحية والفحص والتشخيص والعلاج لاكثر من 48 نوعًا من المشاكل الطبية بشكلٍ مُفصَّل. من بين العلاجات الموصوفة: إغلاق الجروح مع خياطة الجروح، ومنع وعلاج العدوى باستخدام العسل والخبز المتعفن، ووقف النزيف باستعمال اللحوم النيئة، وعلاج الشلل من الرأس وإصابات النخاع الشوكي. ترجمت في سنة 1930، ويكشف المستند التطور والتطبيق العملي من الطب المصري القديم. هذه الصورة تمثل اللوحتين 6 و7 من البردية نفسها
English: The Edwin Smith papyrus, the world's oldest surviving surgical document. Written in hieratic script in ancient Egypt around 1600 B.C., the text describes anatomical observations and the examination, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of 48 types of medical problems in exquisite detail. Among the treatments described are closing wounds with sutures, preventing and curing infection with honey and moldy bread, stopping bleeding with raw meat, and immobilization of head and spinal cord injuries. Translated in 1930, the document reveals the sophistication and practicality of ancient Egyptian medicine. Recto Column 6 (right) and 7 (left) of the papyrus, pictured here, discuss facial trauma. (Cases 12-20)
Español: El Papiro Edwin Smith, el documento sobre cirugía más antiguo conservado. Escrito en hierático en el antiguo Egipto sobre el 1600 a. C., el texto describe observaciones anatómicas y el examen, diagnóstico, tratamiento y prognosis de 48 tipos de problemas médicos con exquisito detalle. Las placas 6 y 7 del papiro, mostradas aquí, discuten el traumatismo facial. El documento, un papiro de 468 cm de largo por 33 cm de ancho, datado a principios de la dinastía XVII, parece estar escrito por escribas de diferente época; es copia de textos más antiguos como lo evidencia su vocabulario y gramática arcaica. El papiro se expuso por primera vez, desde 1948, en el Museo Metropolitano de Arte de Nueva York, del 13 de septiembre de 2005 al 15 de enero de 2006. Coincidiendo con la exhibición, James P. Allen, el conservador del museo, preparó una traducción íntegramente nueva del papiro, que se incluyó en el catálogo de la exposición.
Français : Le papyrus Edwin Smith est le plus ancien document original traitant de chirurgie. Écrit en caractères hiératiques pendant le Nouvel Empire de l’Égypte antique, vers le XVIIe siècle avant notre ère, ce traité décrit avec force détails les observations anatomiques et cliniques, les traumatismes et les traitements appliqués pour 48 affections médicales relevées sur un grand nombre de cas, ainsi que les pronostics associés à ces traitements. Il mentionne différents actes chirurgicaux, la fermeture avec les premières descriptions connues des sutures des plaies thoraciques. On y trouve aussi des traitements préventifs ou curatifs, des pharmacopées antibiotiques proposés pour lutter contre les infections avec le miel et le pain moisi, l’arrêt des hémorragies avec de la viande crue, et l’immobilisation des blessures à la tête et à la moëlle épinière. Traduit dans les années 30, le document révèle la sophistication et la praticité de la médecine de l’ancienne Égypte. Les planches 6 et 7 présentées ici discutent des traumatismes faciaux.
Source Edited version of Image:EdSmPaPlateVIandVIIPrintsx.jpg
Author Jeff Dahl
(Reusing this file)
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Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment
current 02:54, 4 October 2007 Thumbnail for version as of 02:54, 4 October 2007 2,550 × 1,954 (1.95 MB) Jeff Dahl cleanup {{pd-old}}
02:52, 4 October 2007 Thumbnail for version as of 02:52, 4 October 2007 2,550 × 1,954 (1.95 MB) Jeff Dahl {{Information |Description=Cleaned up version of Image:EdSmPaPlateVIandVIIPrintsx.jpg, available {{pd-old}} |Source=self-made |Date=10-3-07 |Author= Jeff Dahl }}
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