Festive amazon

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Festive amazon
Amazona festiva bodini -Tulsa Zoo-8a.jpg
A. f. bodini
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Psittacoidea
Family: Psittacidae
Subfamily: Arinae
Tribe: Androglossini
Genus: Amazona
Species: A. festiva
Binomial name
Amazona festiva
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms
  • Chrysotis chloronota

The festive amazon (Amazona festiva), also known as the festive parrot, is a species of parrot in the family Psittacidae. It is found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Peru, and Venezuela. It is associated with forest (especially Várzea) and woodland growing near major rivers. Locally it is also found in coastal mangroves (primarily in Amapá). There are two subspecies; A. f. festiva and A. f. bodini.

Description

Amazona f. festiva

The subspecies bodini has more red to the forecrown and more blue to the face than the nominate. In flight, both subspecies show deep blue outer wings (outer webs of the primaries and the primary coverts) and a red rump, but the latter is reduced in juveniles.

Taxonomy

There are two subspecies:[2]

  • Amazona festiva (Linnaeus) 1758
    • Amazona festiva bodini (Finsch) 1873 - common name Bodinus' amazon
    • Amazona festiva festiva (Linnaeus) 1758 - common name Festive amazon

The nominate subspecies is found near rivers in the Amazon Basin, while the subspecies bodini, is found near the Orinoco River.

Status

Although it has declined locally, it remains fairly common throughout a large part of its range and can even be seen near cities such as Manaus and Iquitos. Consequently, it was considered to be of least concern by BirdLife International and IUCN, though it was uplisted to vulnerable in 2012, due to models of deforestation in the Amazon Rainforest and its suspectibility to hunting, which predicts that the population will decline rapidly over the next three generations.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2014). "Amazona festiva". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  2. ^ "Zoological Nomenclature Resource: Psittaciformes (Version 9.018)". www.zoonomen.net. 11 February 2009. 


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