Fendalton (New Zealand electorate)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Fendalton is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed during two periods between 1946 and 1996. The electorate was in the western suburbs of Christchurch, New Zealand. Fendalton is an expensive suburb, and was always represented by the National Party.

Population centres

The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Fendalton.[1] To the west of the Main North Line, its area came from the Riccarton electorate. To the east of the Main North Line, the electorate's area had previously belonged to the Christchurch North and Christchurch South electorates.[2]

In the 1952 electoral redistribution, the Fendalton electorate expanded to the north and north-west, gaining area from the Selwyn electorate, and lost some area in the southern part of the central city.[3] In the 1957 electoral redistribution, the boundaries were adjusted significantly. The southern part of the Fendalton electorate was lost to the Christchurch Central electorate. In the southwest, large areas were transferred to the Riccarton electorate. In the north-west, the electorate was extended as far as Harewood. In the north-east, Papanui was gained from the St Albans electorate.[4] In the 1962 electoral redistribution, some boundary adjustments were carried out in the Papanui area.[5]

Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution.[6] It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election.[7] In the North Island, five electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished.[8] In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished (including Fendalton).[9] The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered.[10] Fendalton's area went to the Papanui and Riccarton electorates.[11] These changes came into effect through the 1969 election.[7]

History

Sidney Holland was the electorate's first representative. Holland had since the 1935 election held the Christchurch North electorate.[12] He was Prime Minister from 1949 to 1957 while representing the electorate. He retired from Parliament in 1957 due to declining health.[13]

Holland was succeeded by Jack Watts in the 1957 election. Watts had since 1943 represented various Christchurch electorates. He retired at the end of the parliamentary term in 1960.[14]

The electorate was abolished in 1969,[15] when Eric Holland went to the nearby Riccarton electorate.[12] It was then recreated in 1978,[15] and abolished in 1996, for the first MMP election.

Members of Parliament

The Fendalton electorate was represented by five Members of Parliament:[15]

Key

 National  

Election Winner
1946 election Sidney Holland
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election Jack Watts
1960 election Harry Lake
1963 election
1966 election
1967 by-election Eric Holland
(Electorate abolished 1969–1978; see Papanui and Riccarton)
1978 election Eric Holland (2nd period)
1981 election Philip Burdon
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Ilam)

Election results

1993 election

General election, 1993: Fendalton[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Philip Burdon 10,767 51.7 -1.3
Labour Tony Day 5,785 27.8 -1.3
Alliance Christopher St Johanser 3,341 16.0
Christian Heritage Rosemary Pearson 279 1.3 -1.0
Natural Law Warwick Jones 109 0.5
Majority 4,982 23.9 -0.4
Turnout 20,802

1990 election

General election, 1990: Fendalton[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Philip Burdon 10,950 53.4 +4.1
Labour Tony Day 5,957 29.1
Green D Robertson 1,848 9.0
NewLabour E Gamble 1,002 4.8
Christian Heritage Rosemary Pearson 477 2.3
McGillicuddy Serious M Muir 130 0.6
Democrats D Bond 117 0.5
Majority 4,993 24.3 -22.9
Turnout 20,481

1987 election

General election, 1987: Fendalton[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Philip Burdon 10,482 49.3 +2.5
Labour Neil Cherry 10,171 47.9
Democrats Bill Smith 366 1.7
Breakfast Party M J Tomasi 104 0.5
Independent Labour A S Faloon 62 0.3
Wizard Party P A R Day 61 0.3
Majority 311 1.4 -5.1
Turnout 23,430 93.1 -3.3

1984 election

General election, 1984: Fendalton[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Philip Burdon 10,506 46.8 -1.4
Labour Murray Dobson 9,049 40.3
NZ Party Robert Radley 2,445 10.9
Social Credit S Wright 316 1.4
Values W H Thompson 107 0.5
Independent M Ellims 22 0.1
Majority 1,457 6.5 +0.8
Turnout 23,854 96.4 +5.0

1981 election

General election, 1981: Fendalton[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Philip Burdon 9,772 48.2
Labour David Close 8,614 42.5 +4.2
Social Credit Louise Moore 1,894 9.3
Majority 1,158 5.7
Turnout 22,343 91.4 +28.8

1978 election

General election, 1978: Fendalton[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Eric Holland 9,480 48.3
Labour David Close 7,524 38.3
Social Credit D W Parlane 1,603 8.2
Values Don Offwood 1,017 5.2
Majority 1,956 10.0
Turnout 31,599 62.6

1967 by-election

Fendalton by-election, 1967
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Eric Holland 7,024 46.2
Labour Bruce Barclay 6,738 44.3 +6.1
Social Credit J J Foster 1,451 9.5 -1.0
Majority 286 1.9
Turnout 20,681 73.7
National hold Swing

1966 election

General election, 1966: Fendalton[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Harry Lake 8,850 51.3 -6.8
Labour Bruce Barclay 6,579 38.2 -2.8
Social Credit J J Forster 1,803 10.5
Majority 2,271 13.1 -4.0
Turnout 20,103 86.2 -3.8

1963 election

General election, 1963: Fendalton[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Harry Lake 9,329 58.1 +2.5
Labour Bruce Barclay 6,589 41.0
Communist W J Collins 145 0.9
Majority 2,740 17.1
Turnout 17,957 90.0 -0.7

1960 election

General election, 1960: Fendalton[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Harry Lake 9,500 55.6
Labour Bill Rowling 6,778 39.6
Social Credit J J Forster 826 4.8
Majority 2,722 16.0
Turnout 18,904 90.7 -2.9


1957 election

General election, 1957: Fendalton[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Jack Watts 8,307 54.4
Labour L G G White 6,140 40.2
Social Credit A E Collins 824 5.4
Majority 2,167 14.2
Turnout 16,354 93.6 +1.7

1954 election

General election, 1954: Fendalton[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Sidney Holland 7,852 56.2 -11.0
Labour R H McDonald 3,952 28.3
Social Credit A E Collins 2,173 15.5
Majority 3,900 27.9 -6.5
Turnout 15,275 91.9 +6.1

1951 election

General election, 1951: Fendalton[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Sidney Holland 8,546 67.2 +3.9
Labour P J Alley 4,180 32.8
Majority 4,366 34.4 +3.5
Turnout 14,784 85.8 -6.3

1949 election

General election, 1949: Fendalton[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Sidney Holland 8,632 63.3 +2.9
Labour R T Newman 4,286 32.4
Independent Liberal G H Gilmour 565 4.3
Majority 4,076 30.9
Turnout 14,419 92.1 +0.9

1946 election

General election, 1946: Fendalton[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Sidney Holland 8,065 61.4
Labour A G Williams 5,061 38.6
Majority 3,004 22.8
Turnout 14,399 91.2

Notes

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 93, 97.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 97–101.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 101–105.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 105–109.
  6. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 111, 112.
  7. ^ a b McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  8. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 107, 111.
  9. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 112.
  10. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 111f.
  11. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 109, 113.
  12. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 205.
  13. ^ Gustafson, Barry. "Holland, Sidney George". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 30 October 2012. 
  14. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 244.
  15. ^ a b c Wilson 1985, p. 263.
  16. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. 
  17. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. 
  18. ^ a b c d Norton 1988, p. 225.
  19. ^ a b c d e Norton 1988, p. 224.
  20. ^ "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  21. ^ "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  22. ^ "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 

References

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. p. 224. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fendalton_(New_Zealand_electorate)&oldid=818403414"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fendalton_(New_Zealand_electorate)
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Fendalton (New Zealand electorate)"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA