February 1967

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February 6, 1967: Enver Hoxha announces plan to make Albania the world's first "atheist state"
February 5, 1967: The Smothers Brothers transform TV comedy
February 15, 1967:"The Chopsticks" dedicated in Singapore
February 25, 1967: The Pontiac Firebird introduced

The following events occurred in February 1967:

February 1, 1967 (Wednesday)

  • The federal minimum wage in the United States increased from $1.25 an hour to $1.40 an hour for 30,000,000 workers. An additional 8,000,000 additional workers in retail work, hotels, restaurants, construction, laundries and hospitals were guaranteed at least $1.00 an hour, to increase to $1.60 by 1971, and 400,000 farm workers were covered by minimum wage for the first time as a new law took effect.[1]
  • The British rock group Pink Floyd got its first professional recording contract when it was signed by EMI.[2]
  • Born: Meg Cabot, American novelist best known for her books in The Princess Diaries series; in Bloomington, Indiana

February 2, 1967 (Thursday)

  • At a press conference in New York, California lawyer Gary Davidson announced the formation of the 10-team American Basketball Association, set to be a competitor to the 10-team National Basketball Association. Former NBA star George Mikan was introduced as the first ABA Commissioner. The ten franchises identified were Indianapolis, Minneapolis, New Orleans, New York and Pittsburgh in an eastern division, and Anaheim, Dallas, Houston, Kansas City, and Oakland in a western division.[3] Before the season opener, an 11th team would be added in Louisville, and the Kansas City franchise would be shifted to Denver.
  • Bolivia's new constitution was approved by the Bolivian Constituent Assembly of 1966-67.[4]

February 3, 1967 (Friday)

  • At 8:00 in the morning, Ronald Ryan was hanged at Pentridge Prison (located at Coburg, Victoria, a suburb of Melbourne, and became the last man executed in Australia. On December 19, 1965, Ryan had murdered George Hodson, a guard at the same prison, during an escape.[5]
  • At his recording studio in Holloway, North London, British record producer Joe Meek murdered his landlady, Violet Shenton, after she came by to collect his past due rent. He then committed suicide by shooting himself in the head.[6] Meek was best known for composing the 1962 popular instrumental "Telstar"; he was 35, and Shenton was 52.[7]
  • East Germany released four Americans who had been imprisoned in the Communist nation for more than a year and allowed them to cross into West Berlin without completing their full sentences, after negotiation between the city attorneys of both East and West Berlin, in cooperation with U.S. State Department officials. Mary Hellen Battle of Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Moses Herrin of Akron, Ohio; and Frederick Matthews of Ellwood City, Pennsylvania had been arrested in 1965 and charged with helping East Germans escape to the west, while William Lovett of San Francisco had been jailed in the same year after a traffic accident in Leipzig.[8][9]

February 4, 1967 (Saturday)

  • China's Communist Party issued its "Circular Concerning the Great Proletariat Cultural Revolution in Elementary Schools", instructing that all teachers and students must return to schools and that classes, suspended since June 1966, must start back after the end of the annual Spring Festival. Emphasis was placed on children studying the Little Red Book, Quotations from Chairman Mao. Schools would resume on March 20.[10]
  • Preparing for the possibility of a war between the Soviet Union and China, the Soviet Communist Party Politburo adopted a resolution to station troops in Mongolia, and to increase the Soviet military presence in the Soviet socialist republics bordering China.[11]
  • The German Democratic Republic (East Germany) made proposals for an informal agreement by Warsaw Pact representatives to support their position on West Berlin.[12]
  • The 1967 World Sportscar Championship season opened with the 24 Hours of Daytona. When the race finished the next day, the Italian Ferrari racers had finished first, second and third place, with Chris Amon and Lorenzo Bandini alternating the driving duties on the winner. Only one of the six Ford Mark II cars finished the race, 300 miles behind the first place car.[13]
  • NASA launched the unmanned satellite Lunar Orbiter 3 at 8:17 in the morning from Florida (0117 February 5, UTC) on a mission to photograph the exact sites where manned space missions would be able to land.[14]
  • Born: Sven Erik Kristiansen, Norwegian black metal rock musician
  • Died: Albert Orsborn, 80, former General of The Salvation Army

February 5, 1967 (Sunday)

The Vittorio Veneto

February 6, 1967 (Monday)

  • Albania's Communist Party leader and de facto leader, Enver Hoxha, made a speech which he called "Programmatic Discourse against Religion and Backward Habits", beginning a campaign to make Albania what he called "the world's first atheist state".[20] By the end of the year, 2,200 churches, mosques and other places of worship were closed or even burned down, clerics were arrested, and professing to have a particular faith was derided as "religious superstition".[21]
  • WBC world heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali defeated the WBA's heavyweight champ, Ernie Terrell, at the Houston Astrodome. In the publicity leading up to the unification bout, Terrell had repeatedly used Ali's former name, Cassius Clay. Starting in the 8th round, Ali repeatedly shouted at Terrell, "What's my name? What's my name?" as he threw punches. The bout went the full 15 rounds, and Ali won in a unanimous decision. American newspapers remained divided about which name to use [22][23] and sometimes compromised by using both in headlines.[24] Ali would be stripped of both titles on April 28 for refusing induction into the U.S. Army.[25]
  • Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin arrived in London to begin the first of five private conferences with British Prime Minister Harold Wilson.[26]
  • Born: Izumi Sakai, popular Japanese female recording artist; in Kurume, Fukuoka
  • Died:
    • Henry Morgenthau, Jr., 76, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury during the Great Depression and World War II
    • Martine Carol, 46, French film actress described as "a French version of America's Marilyn Monroe", died of a heart attack hours after filming scenes for her final movie, Bernard Knowles's Hell is Empty.

February 7, 1967 (Tuesday)

  • Serious bushfires in southern Tasmania claimed 62 lives [27] destroyed more than 1,200 homes and 1,700 buildings, and burned 2,642.7 square kilometres (1,020 square miles) of land.[28][29][30][31]
  • Twenty-five people were killed in a fire at an upscale restaurant located on the 11th floor of a hotel in Montgomery, Alabama. About 75 diners and employees were at Dale's Penthouse Restaurant when a fire in the restaurant's cloakroom, "started in a laundry bag apparently by a discarded cigarette or match".[32] During the minutes that it took to locate a fire extinguisher, the flames spread across the thick and flammable carpeting. Many of the dead ignored smoke until they were unable to escape.[33][34] The Alabama State Legislature would later vote to honor the restaurant's African-American chef, Jesse Williams, and posthumously honor the restaurant's hostess, Rose Doane, for their heroism in directing guests to safety.[35]
  • The Chinese government announced that it could no longer guarantee the safety of Soviet diplomats outside the Soviet Embassy building in Beijing.[36]
  • Mazenod College, Victoria, opened in Australia.
  • Micky Dolenz met Paul McCartney at his home in St John's Wood, London, and they posed together for the press. His impressions of the visit would feature in the lyrics of "Randy Scouse Git", a title Dolenz borrowed from the British TV sitcom Till Death Us Do Part, not realising it was an offensive term.
  • Born: Sharla Cheung, Hong Kong actress and film producer; as Zhang Min in Shanghai
  • Died: David Unaipon, 94, Indigenous Australian of the Ngarrindjeri aboriginal nation, author and preacher. Unaipon's would later be placed on the Australian fifty-dollar note.

February 8, 1967 (Wednesday)

  • U.S. President Lyndon Johnson sent a letter to North Vietnam's President Ho Chi Minh, by way of Moscow, that began "Dear Mr. President: I am writing to you in the hope that the conflict in Viet Nam can be brought to an end," and outlining his proposal that "I am prepared to order a cessation of bombing against your country... as soon as I am assured that infiltration into South Viet Nam by land and by sea has stopped." President Ho would receive the message on February 10 and prepare a response.[37][38]
  • Gough Whitlam defeated Dr Jim Cairns and Frank Crean to replace the retiring Arthur Calwell as leader of the federal Australian Labor Party. After getting 32 of the 68 votes on the first ballot (against 15 for Cairns, 12 for Crean and 9 for other candidates), Whitlam got a majority on the third ballot, with 39 votes, and 15 and 14 for Cairns and Crean, respectively.[39][40] After nearly six years as Leader of the Opposition, Whitlam would become Prime Minister on the ALP's victory in 1972 elections.[41]
  • Died: Sir Victor Gollancz, 73, British author, publisher and humanitarian

February 9, 1967 (Thursday)

  • A powerful earthquake, registering 6.8 on the Richter scale, shook Colombia for 90 seconds, killing 98 people, with 52 victims at the city of Neiva. The village of Guacamayas, with 4,000 residents, was near the epicenter of the quake.[42][43]
  • Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin met Queen Elizabeth II in London, and was received at Buckingham Palace for a state dinner as one of 58 guests, marking the first time that a British monarch had received a Soviet leader. "In deference to Russian custom," it was reported later, "the men wore business suits and the women short dresses, instead of the white-tie-and-tails and ground-sweeping gowns traditionally seen at royal occasions."[44]
  • The nearly 50,000 American military troops, civilian U.S. government employees, and their families stationed in South Korea came under the primary jurisdiction of the Korean government for the first time since 1950. Since the time of the Korean War, U.S. authorities had retained exclusive jurisdiction over any criminal offenses committed by Americans against South Koreans.[45][46]
  • The first of seven victims of the "Kenosha Killings", a 17-year-old girl, disappeared after leaving her home to walk to a drugstore. All of the people murdered between 1967 and 1981 lived between 64th Street and 67th Street in Kenosha, Wisconsin, and all would disappear at or near an alley that ran between those streets. The serial killings would remain unsolved fifty years later.[47]
  • Cellist and performance artist Charlotte Moorman was arrested by New York police at the Filmmaker's Cinematheque, where she was playing Brahms' Lullaby as part of Nam June Paik's production, the Opera Sextronique. Moorman would receive a suspended sentence for indecent exposure because she played the cello in public while topless.[48]
  • In a telephone call Secretary of Defence Robert McNamara informed President Lyndon Johnson to inform him that the North Vietnamese were using the TET ceasefire to move significant military supplies down into South Vietnam and that the Joint Chiefs were recommending that the US break the ceasefire to prevent this. Johnson met with the various personnel later that day and decided against the resumption of hostilities in Vietnam during the cease fire. [49]

February 10, 1967 (Friday)

  • The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution, governing presidential succession and disability was ratified.[50] The state of Nevada became the necessary 38th state to vote approval of the amendment, an hour after Minnesota had voted its approval. Earlier in the day, it appeared that North Dakota was 37th when its state house of representatives, and Minnesota appeared to have made the difference; until someone pointed out that the North Dakota state senate had expressed its approval by voice vote rather than the roll call vote required by state law.[51] Nevada had actually ratified on February 8, then voted to retract its ratification the same day in order not to be the penultimate state, while North Dakota's voice vote had been designed to be voided if necessary; Montana and Ohio had also vied to be the 38th state until "This game of legislative chicken finally came to an end".[52] As of 1992, North Dakota was one of three states (along with Georgia and South Carolina) that had never ratified the 25th Amendment.[53]
  • The U.S. Department of Defense announced that it would restrict burials at Arlington National Cemetery to veterans who had made a career of the military, with the only exception being Medal of Honor winners and "high government officials and their dependents". All other veterans were denied burial at Arlington until further notice because only 6,437 unused grave sites remained and there had been more than 7,000 persons buried at Arlington in 1966. The restrictions were made to let the remaining sites last for three additional years, with plans for 60,000 new sites to be available at neighboring grounds at Fort Myer, Virginia by 1970.[54]
  • The Portuguese colony of Macao began returning people who had fled from the People's Republic of China, starting with five refugees picked up by local police.[55]
  • Born:

February 11, 1967 (Saturday)

February 12, 1967 (Sunday)

  • In Chichester, West Sussex, British police raided 'Redlands', the home of the Rolling Stones Keith Richards in the early hours of the morning following a tip-off about a party from the News of the World. No arrests were made at the time, but Richards, Mick Jagger and art dealer Robert Fraser would subsequently be convicted of possession of drugs. On June 29, Richards would be sentenced by Judge Leslie Block to one year in prison, and Jagger to three months, but both would be released pending an appeal; on July 31, the London Appeal Court would overturn both convictions.[58]
  • The First Infantry Division of the U.S. Army carried out what the commanding officer of the chemical unit referred to as "the largest CS attack of the Vietnamese war, and possibly of any war", dropping 25,000 pounds of tear gas on Viet Cong targets. Eleven Chinook helicopters, each carrying thirty 55-gallon drums of powdered CS, flew over the jungles of the Binh Duong Province and, at the rate of once every three seconds, dropped 80 pounds of tear gas onto the enemy. Expecting a firefight upon landing, the American troops found instead that most of Vo Minh Triet's guerrillas had left before the tear gas assault had started.[59]
  • Born:

February 13, 1967 (Monday)

  • American researchers discovered the Madrid Codices by Leonardo da Vinci in the National Library of Spain.[60]
  • Protests outside the Soviet Embassy to China in Beijing finally ended, after 19 days of large crowds posing a threat to diplomats from the Soviet Union. The Chinese government had cleared the crowds after nearly three weeks of encouraging the demonstrations, and charge d'affaires Yuri Razdukhov was able to leave the embassy compound for the first time in nearly three weeks, and drove to offer his condolences at the North Vietnamese Embassy, while other diplomats were able to make trips to the Foreign Ministry.[61]
  • Brazil revised its currency in an effort to combat inflation. The "cruzeiro novo" (NCr) was worth 1,000 of the old cruzeiros; on May 15, 1970, the cruzeiro novo would revert to its old name as the cruzeiro. On February 28, 1986, a new "cruzado" (worth 1,000 of the 1970 cruzeiros and one million of the 1966 cruzeiros) would be issued; on August 1, 1993, the "cruzeiro real" (worth 1,000 cruzados or one billion of the 1966 cruzeiros) would be made. On July 1, 1994, the most recent monetary unit, the Brazilian real, would be introduced, worth 2,750 cruzeiros reales, or 2.75 trillion of the 1966 cruzeiros.[62]
  • The United Kingdom and the Soviet Union reached an agreement in Moscow, with the USSR dropping its claims for British-held assets of the former Baltic Republics (Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia) in return for 500,000 pounds sterling worth of British manufactured goods. The UK would continue its policy of non-recognition of the Baltic annexation.[63]
  • The Beatles released the songs "Penny Lane" and "Strawberry Fields Forever" on the same 45 rpm record as a "double A-sided" single in the United States, with a release in the UK four days later.[64] Both were about locations in Liverpool.[65] Sales where the record was displayed as "Penny Lane" would make it be #1 in the U.S. for the week ending March 18, while its flip side would peak at #8.[66]
  • The body of a 24-year old Mexican man was found on the playground of the 97th Street School in Los Angeles, after falling 5,000 feet from an airliner that had lowered its landing gear during its approach to the Los Angeles International Airport from Mexico City. School was not in session because of the holiday for Lincoln's birthday, so it was unclear when the accident had happened.[67] Humberto Garcia Gutierrez had been living in poverty in Las Granjas, a slum within the city of Chihuahua, and had stowed away in the wheel well of the jet. It was unclear whether Garcia was still alive after enduring the cold and the thin air at high altitudes.[68]

February 14, 1967 (Tuesday)

  • The Treaty of Tlatelolco was signed in Mexico City by representatives of almost all of the nations of Latin America, agreeing to ban "the testing, use, manufacture, production or acquisition by any means or type" of nuclear weapons within their countries. However, Article 18 of the treaty (which would enter into force on April 22, 1968) specifically authorized the nations "to carry out explosions of nuclear devices for peaceful purposes".[69]
  • The United States resumed bombing of North Vietnam at 7:00 in the morning (Hanoi time).[70]
  • Born:
  • Died: Sig Ruman, 82, German-born American character actor

February 15, 1967 (Wednesday)

  • The 230 foot tall Civilian War Memorial was dedicated in Singapore on the 25th anniversary of the February 15, 1942, fall of Singapore to Japanese invaders, commemorating the memory of the Chinese, Malayan, Indian, and Eurasian civilians who were killed during World War II. Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew said in the dedication, "This piece of concrete commemorates an experience which, in spite of its horrors, served as a catalyst in building a nation out of the young and unestablished community of diverse immigrants. We suffered together. It told us that we share a common destiny. And it is through sharing such common experiences that the feeling of living and being one community is established." With four columns to represent the four ethnic groups honored, the monument is affectionately nicknamed "The Chopsticks".[71]
  • In elections in the Netherlands, the Catholic People's Party (KVP) lost 8 seats, but retained a plurality, with 42 of the 150 available in the Tweede Kamer, the "second chamber" of the Dutch parliament.[72][73]
  • Ten people were killed and 12 others injured in a chain reaction explosion at an ammunition manufacturing plant near Texarkana, Texas. A few minutes before the scheduled 11:00 pm change of shifts, a 105 millimeter shell exploded while being handled by an assembly line worker, and touched off a chain reaction of other shells in the area.[74]
  • Died: Simeon Radev, 88, Bulgarian journalist and historiographer, author of the three volume work The Builders of Modern Bulgaria

February 16, 1967 (Thursday)

  • Tan Zhenlin, one of the Vice Premiers of the People's Republic of China, lost his temper at a high-level session of the Chinese Communist Party at Huairen Hall in Beijing, and denounced the Cultural Revolution as "the cruelest struggle in Party history" and declaring that he would fight the ultraleftists even if it meant imprisonment or death. Two days later, Mao Zedong called a meeting of the CCP Politburo and criticized Tan and the officials who had agreed with him, then singled out Tan as the leader of the counter-revolutionaries. After losing his post, Tan was sent to mountains of the Guangxi autonomous region to do manual labor for the next six years. His reputation would finally be rehabilitated in 1980.[75]
  • Died:

February 17, 1967 (Friday)

February 18, 1967 (Saturday)

  • New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison announced at a press conference that he believed that the assassination of John F. Kennedy had been a conspiracy, and that his office had been working on the seeking an indictment over "the possible role of some individuals in New Orleans", adding that "arrests will be made."[78]
  • Nazi war criminal Franz Stangl was arrested in Brazil, where he had been working as an engineer in a Volkswagen factory since 1951 using his own name. Simon Wiesenthal, an Austrian survivor of Germany's concentration camps, had tracked Stangl down after nearly 18 years of searching. Hauptsturmführer (SS Captain) Stangl, who had been commandant of the Treblinka extermination camp, would be extradited to West Germany, where he would be tried and convicted for the murder of 900,000 Jews between 1941 and 1943. He would die in Düsseldorf prison on June 28, 1971, six months after being sentenced to life imprisonment.[79]
  • Born:
  • Died: J. Robert Oppenheimer, 62, American atomic physicist, died of throat cancer.[80][81] A biographer would write of him, "More than any other man, he was responsible for issuing American theoretical physics from a provincial adjunct of Europe to world leadership." [82]

February 19, 1967 (Sunday)

  • Seven inches of rain fell in 24 hours in the area of Brazil's Guanabara Bay, causing landslides on the bay cities of Rio de Janeiro and Niterói that washed away hundreds of hillside homes. The death toll in the slums of Juramento, Cavalcante, Santa Teresa was at least 224.[83][84]
  • The American space probe Lunar Orbiter 3 sent back the first detailed pictures of the far side of the Moon, not visible from the Earth. "By 1970," an author would note later, "the far side of the Moon had been as accurately mapped as the visible face." [85]
  • Operation Bribie, which culminated in the Battle of Ap My An, began in the Vietnam War.
  • Born: Benicio del Toro, Puerto Rican film and television actor, winner of the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in the film Traffic; in San Germán, Puerto Rico

February 20, 1967 (Monday)

  • In Indonesia, President Sukarno signed and order relinquishing all of his remaining presidential powers, though not his title, to General Suharto. Sukarno had been the President of Indonesia since its independence in 1946. In the statement, released two days later on February 22, he wrote, "I, the President of Indonesia and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia, effective today, surrender executive power," adding that he was acting "for the sake of the people and the country." The statement came after a confrontation between armed forces commanders and Sukarno, was a compromise to avoid the prospect of a national hero being tried for treason for his role in a failed Communist coup in October 1965. Suharto had effectively been commander of the armed forces since March 1966.[86][87]
  • Jose Suarez, a resident of Brooklyn, New York, who had confessed to stabbing his common law wife and her five children to death in 1966, was freed and the charges were dismissed, because of the failure of interrogators to give him the Miranda warning, advising of his right to an attorney. The prosecutor admitted that the state had no other evidence against Suarez, and Judge Michael Kern reluctantly dismissed the case, commenting that "This is a very sad thing. It is repulsive and makes one's blood run cold, to let a thing like this out on the street." [88]
  • Born:

February 21, 1967 (Tuesday)

  • Voting concluded in the five day long national parliamentary election for the Lok Sabha. The Indian National Congress party, led by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, lost 78 seats but retained majority control, with 283 of the 520 available. In distant second was the Swatantra Party led by Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, with 8.67% of the vote and 26 seats overall. After three days of counting results, it was clear that the Congress party had lost its majority in the legislatures of five of India's 17 states, with only a plurality in Punjab, West Bengal and Rajasthan, and with opposition parties forming majority governments in Kerala and Tamil Nadu (referred to at the time as the Madras state. In addition, five of government ministers (for the ministries of railways, information, food, commerce, industry and housing) lost re-election and were forced to resign on February 24.[89][90]
  • The Jamaica Labour Party, led by Prime Minister Alexander Bustamante, gained seven seats to capture a majority (33 of 53) in the Jamaican House of Representatives in parliamentary elections.[91][92]
  • The Australian Capital Territory was given full representation in Australia's House of Representatives, with the Member for the ACT being permitted to vote for the first time. Since 1948, the ACT had been represented by a non-voting observer. In 1973, the Territory would be split into two districts. 1997 Year Book Australia (Australian Bureau of Statistics) p33
  • The Apollo 1, first of the manned Apollo space missions, had been scheduled for launch at 10:00 in the morning from Cape Kennedy in Florida, with astronauts Virgil Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee aboard for a 13-day orbital mission that would have ended on March 7.[93] Instead, technicians at NASA were dismantling the charred remains of the Saturn rocket that had been burned on January 27, along with the three astronauts.[94] Instead, the only launch from NASA was a small Arcas weather probe.[95]
  • Born: Neil Oliver, Scottish historian and TV presenter, in Renfrewshire
  • Died:
    • Bernard B. Fall, 40, French-born American war correspondent and author of numerous books on war in Vietnam, was killed (along with two U.S. Marines) when he stepped on a land mine while taking photographs with a Marine patrol, 12 miles north of Hue in South Vietnam.[96]
    • Harry Lake, 55, New Zealand Minister of Finance since 1960, died of a heart attack
    • Charles Beaumont, 38, American science fiction author and scriptwriter for The Twilight Zone television series, died after an illness of several years

February 22, 1967 (Wednesday)

  • The day after his political party won a majority in parliamentary elections, Alexander Bustamante, the popular Prime Minister of Jamaica, retired.[97] Two years earlier, Bustamante had suffered a major stroke, but had continued to hold the office while Donald Sangster carried out most of the duties of the office.[98] Sangster, who was also serving as finance minister, foreign minister and defense minister was appointed as the new Prime Minister, but would hold the office only for a few weeks before suffering a cerebral hemorrhage, and would die on April 11, 1967.[99]
  • Died: David Ferrie, 48, was found dead in his New Orleans home only four days after Jim Garrison had announced his plans to indict alleged conspirators in the John F. Kennedy assassination. Ferrie had been a flying service operator who had been accused by Garrison of being a "get-away pilot" for participants.[100] United Press International noted at the time that Ferrie was "at least the 14th person to die who had something to do, directly, indirectly, or by the slightest of connections, with the assassination of President Kennedy and its aftermath" in the 39 months since November 22, 1963.[101][102]

February 23, 1967 (Thursday)

February 24, 1967 (Friday)

  • Albert DeSalvo, who had confessed to the 13 murders of women carried out by the Boston Strangler", escaped from the Bridgewater State Hospital, a mental institution where he had been held after being tried and convicted for several rapes. DeSalvo and two other patients had located a key to unlock their rooms on the hospital's third floor, then climbed down an elevator shaft before getting outside and getting over an outside wall to freedom.[105] The two other men, Fred Erickson and George Harrison, were recognized in a bar by an attorney for a state legislative committee that had investigated the hospital, and were persuaded to give up, while the FBI continued the search. DeSalvo was captured the next day in Lynn, Massachusetts, after one of his brothers tipped off police about his whereabouts. DeSalvo was wearing a U.S. Navy sailor suit that he had gotten at a surplus store, and was caught inside Simons' Uniforms, a store that sold police uniforms.[106]
  • New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison surprised reporters when he said at a news conference that, after he and his staff had investigated the Kennedy assassination, "We solved it weeks ago. There remains only the details of evidence, and there is no question about it. We have the names of everyone. We have all the details." Garrison made the statement after he met with a group of 50 local businessmen who had pledged $300 apiece to defray the expenses of the investigation.[77][107][108]
  • The Bee Gees signed a management contract with Robert Stigwood.[109]
  • Born: Brian Schmidt, American-born Australian physicist and Nobel laureate, in Missoula, Montana.
  • Died:
    • Franz Waxman, 60, German-born American film composer and two time Academy Award winner
    • U.S. Air Force Captain Hilliard A. Wilbanks, 33, posthumous Medal of Honor winner

February 25, 1967 (Saturday)

  • The Pontiac Firebird, the first sports car from the Pontiac division of General Motors, was first introduced to the public, in a display at the Chicago Auto Show.[110]
  • Civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. began speaking out at length against American involvement in the Vietnam War, starting with a speech in Los Angeles for The Nation Institute, titled "The Casualties of the War in Vietnam". Among the "casualties" that he referred to were "the Charter of the United Nations", "the principle of self-determination", "the Great Society" programs, "the humility of our nation", "the principle of dissent" and "the prospects of mankind's survival". "We still have a choice today," King said, "nonviolent co-existence or violent co-annihilation... It is still not too late to make the proper choice." [111]
  • Britain's second Polaris missile submarine, HMS Renown, was launched.
  • Born: Nick Leeson, British stock trader whose speculative trading caused the collapse of the venerable Barings Bank in 1995; in Watford
  • Died: Ginger Lamb, 54, American travel book author who, with her husband Dana Lamb, claimed to have discovered the "Lost City of the Mayas" during travels in Mexico in the 1940s.

February 26, 1967 (Sunday)

February 27, 1967 (Monday)

February 28, 1967 (Tuesday)

References

  1. ^ "Court in Iowa Blocks Law on Minimum Wage", Chicago Tribune, February 2, 1967
  2. ^ Glenn Povey, Echoes: The Complete History of Pink Floyd (Mind Head Publishing, 2007) p37
  3. ^ "10-Team A.B.A. Official Entry in Pro Sports", Chicago Tribune, February 3, 1967, p3-5
  4. ^ Rossana Barragán, "Ciudadanía y elecciones, convenciones y debates" in Barragán R., Rossana; José Luis Roca (2005). Regiones y poder constituyente en Bolivia : una historia de pactos y disputas. Cuaderno de futuro, 21. La Paz, Bolivia: PNUD. pp. 374–375. ISBN 978-99905-0-960-1. 
  5. ^ "APPEAL FAILS: RYAN TO HANG— Brisbane witness flies in too late", The Age (Melbourne), February 3, 1967, p1
  6. ^ Mark Brend, The Sound of Tomorrow: How Electronic Music Was Smuggled into the Mainstream (A & C Black, 2012)
  7. ^ "Composer Found Shot Dead", Cincinnati Enquirer, February 4, 1967, p2
  8. ^ "E. GERMANY FREES YANKS; All 4 Served Prison Terms of Over Year", Chicago Tribune, February 4, 1967
  9. ^ "2 U.S. Negroes Tell Bias in E. Berlin Jail", Chicago Tribune, February 5, 1967, p6
  10. ^ "Fu ke nao ge ming (Resume classes and make revolution", in A Glossary of Political Terms of the People's Republic of China, by Gucheng Li (Chinese University Press, 1995) p101-102
  11. ^ "The Sino-Soviet Alliance", by Sergey Radchenko, in A Companion to International History 1900 - 2001 (Blackwell Publishing, 2008) p375
  12. ^ Ideology, Politics, and Diplomacy in East Central Europe edited by Mieczysław B. Biskupski, Piotr Stefan Wandycz. Univ of Rochester Press, 2003. p 237
  13. ^ "Ferraris Rout Fords in Daytona", Chicago Tribune, February 6, 1967, p3-1
  14. ^ "3d Orbiter Rocketed to Photograph Moon", Chicago Tribune, February 5, 1967, p1
  15. ^ "Somoza Wins 2 to 1 Victory in Nicaragua", Chicago Tribune, February 7, 1967, p8-2
  16. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Elections in the Americas: A Data Handbook (Oxford University Press, 2005) p. 501
  17. ^ Christopher Howe, Shanghai: Revolution and Development in an Asian Metropolis (Cambridge University Press, 1981) p82
  18. ^ "Smothers Brothers Challenge Jinx Tonight", Arizona Republic (Phoenix), February 5, 1967, p M-9
  19. ^ "Smothers Brothers", in American Countercultures: An Encyclopedia of Nonconformists, Alternative Lifestyles, and Radical Ideas in U.S. History, Gina Misiroglu, ed. (Routledge, 2015) p673
  20. ^ "Albanian Ethnography at the Margins of History 1947-1991", by Armanda Kodra-Hysa, in The Anthropological Field on the Margins of Europe, 1945-1991 (LIT Verlag Münster, 2013) p138
  21. ^ Caroline Cox, Cox's Book of Modern Saints and Martyrs (A&C Black, 2006) p186
  22. ^ "King Ali Rubs Salt in Wounds", Pasadena (CA) Independent, February 7, 1967, p14
  23. ^ "Clay Beats Terrell by Decision", Chicago Tribune, February 7, 1967, p1
  24. ^ "Clay Humiliates Terrell in Taking Heavyweight Fight Win— Muhammad Ali Faces Easy Road Ahead, If Uncle Sam Stays Away", Edwardsville (IL) Intelligencer, February 7, 1967, p6
  25. ^ Rene Villadsen, History of the Heavyweight Championship of the World: A Brief History of the World Championship in Professional Boxing (Belladonna, 2015)
  26. ^ "Kosygin, Wilson Begin Series of 5 Talks on World Problems", Chicago Tribune, February 7, 1967, p11
  27. ^ Toby Creswell, History of Australia in 100 Objects (Penguin UK, 2016)
  28. ^ James Goff and Chris de Freitas, Natural Hazards in Australasia (Cambridge University Press, 2016) p227
  29. ^ John Handmer, Stephen Dovers, The Handbook of Disaster and Emergency Policies and Institutions (Taylor & Francis, 2012) p19
  30. ^ "Hobart declared disaster area as fires ring city— 21 deaths reported; 500 homes lost", The Age (Melbourne), February 8, 1967, p1
  31. ^ "Fear Fire Toll May Reach 100 in Tasmania", Chicago Tribune, February 10, 1967, p6
  32. ^ "Dale's restaurant fire recalled 20 years later", AP report in Anniston (AL) Star, February 9, 1967, p5
  33. ^ "26 DEAD IN SKY-CAFE FIRE— Diners Trapped by Flames in Penthouse of Montgomery, Ala., Apartment Building", Chicago Tribune, February 8, 1967, p1
  34. ^ "Probe Cafe Fire Where 25 Perished", Chicago Tribune, February 9, 1967, p1
  35. ^ "Ala. Chef Praised By Legislature For Herosim", Jet Magazine, May 18, 1967, p4
  36. ^ "Russ Reject Peking Curb on Embassy", Chicago Tribune, February 8, 1967, p1
  37. ^ "Text of Johnson Offer to Ho", Chicago Tribune, March 22, 1967, p2
  38. ^ William Conrad Gibbons, The U. S. Government and the Vietnam War: Executive and Legislative Roles and Relationships: July 1965-January 1968 (Princeton University Press, 1995) pp 512-520
  39. ^ Graham Freudenberg, A Certain Grandeur: Gough Whitlam's Life in Politics (Penguin UK, 2009)
  40. ^ "Whitlam wins as Labor Leader", The Age (Melbourne), February 9, 1967, p1
  41. ^ Australia's Prime Ministers – National Archives of Australia Archived 2009-05-15 at the Wayback Machine..
  42. ^ "Report Quake Wipes out an Andean Town", February 11, 1967, p10
  43. ^ NOAA report
  44. ^ "Kosygin Dines with Queen in Royal Palace", Chicago Tribune, February 10, 1967, p7
  45. ^ "Yanks Put Under Korea Law", Chicago Tribune, February 10, 1967, p9
  46. ^ "The U.S.-Korean Status of Forces Agreement as a Source of Continuing Korean Anti-American Attitudes", by James V. Feinerman, in Korean Attitudes Toward the United States: Changing Dynamics (Routledge, 2015) p217
  47. ^ "Kenosha Killings", in Open Files: A Narrative Encyclopedia of the World's Greatest Unsolved Crimes, by Jay Robert Nash (Rowman & Littlefield, 1983) p149
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  50. ^ Mount, Steve (January 2007). "Ratification of Constitutional Amendments". Retrieved February 24, 2007. 
  51. ^ "Ratify 25th Constitution Amendment— Covers Disability for a President", Chicago Tribune, February 11, 1967, p1
  52. ^ James M. Ronan, Living Dangerously: The Uncertainties of Presidential Disability and Succession (Lexington Books, 2015) pp70-71
  53. ^ John D. Feerick, The Twenty-fifth Amendment: Its Complete History and Applications (Fordham University Press, 1992) p112
  54. ^ "Arlington Runs Short of Space' Burials Curbed", Chicago Tribune, February 11, 1967, p2
  55. ^ "Macao Turns Over Red Chinese Refugees", Chicago Tribune, February 12, 1967, p6
  56. ^ Edward Friedman, et al., Revolution, Resistance, and Reform in Village China (Yale University Press, 2008)
  57. ^ Jinwung Kim, A History of Korea: From "Land of the Morning Calm" to States in Conflict (Indiana University Press, 2012) p435
  58. ^ Shane Blackman, Chilling Out: The Cultural Politics of Substance Consumption, Youth and Drug Policy (Open University Press, 2004) p91
  59. ^ David Maraniss, They Marched Into Sunlight: War and Peace, Vietnam and America, October 1967 (Simon and Schuster, 2004) pp162-163
  60. ^ The Controversial Replica of Leonardo da Vinci's Adding Machine Archived 2011-05-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  61. ^ "Peking Halts Hate Spree at Russ Embassy", Chicago Tribune, February 14, 1967, p12
  62. ^ "Brazil", in International Financial Statistics, Supplement on Monetary and Financial Statistics (International Monetary Fund, September 2007) p355
  63. ^ "West Germany and the Baltic question during the Cold War", by Kristina Spohr Readman, in The Baltic Question During the Cold War (Routledge, 2008) p121
  64. ^ Kenneth Womack and Katie Kapurch, New Critical Perspectives on the Beatles: Things We Said Today (Springer, 2016) p41
  65. ^ Kenneth Womack, The Beatles Encyclopedia: Everything Fab Four (ABC-CLIO, 2014) p72
  66. ^ Fred Bronson, The Billboard Book of Number One Hits (Billboard Books, 2003) p220
  67. ^ "Believe Fall from Plane Killed Youth", Chicago Tribune, February 14, 1967, p1
  68. ^ "Stowaway in Jet Was Fleeing From Poverty", Los Angeles Times, February 16, 1967, p36
  69. ^ Haralambos Athanasopulos, Nuclear Disarmament in International Law (McFarland, 2000) p39
  70. ^ William Conrad Gibbons, The U. S. Government and the Vietnam War: Executive and Legislative Roles and Relationships: July 1965-January 1968 (Princeton University Press, 1995) p518
  71. ^ Karl Hack and Kevin Blackburn, War Memory and the Making of Modern Malaysia and Singapore (NUS Press, 2012) p166-169
  72. ^ "2 Main Parties Suffer Losses in Dutch Vote", Chicago Tribune, February 16, 1967, p2-19
  73. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1396 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  74. ^ "10 Die, 12 Hurt in Ammo Plant Blast", Chicago Tribune, February 16, 1967, p1
  75. ^ "Tan Zhenlin", in Historical Dictionary of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, Guo Jian, et al., editors (Scarecrow Press, Jul 17, 2006) p276
  76. ^ "Science of DNA", in Chronology of Science, by Lisa Rezende (Infobase Publishing, 2006) p386
  77. ^ a b Patricia Lambert, False Witness: The Real Story of Jim Garrison's Investigation and Oliver Stone's Film JFK (M. Evans and Company, 2000)
  78. ^ "Prosecutor Says Oswald Wasn't Alone", Chicago Tribune, February 19, 1967, p3
  79. ^ "Stangl, Franz", in Who's Who in Nazi Germany, by Robert S. Wistrich (Routledge, 2013) p142
  80. ^ "Oppenheimer Dies; Pioneer of A-Bomb", Chicago Tribune, February 19, 1967, p1
  81. ^ Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin, American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer (Alfred A. Knopf, 2005) pp. 585–588
  82. ^ "J. Robert Oppenheimer", by H.A. Bethe, in Biographical Memoirs, Volume 71 (National Academies Press, 1997)
  83. ^ "Earthslides Kill 224; 3,000 Families Homeless— Soaked Hillsides Slip Into Rio, Suburbs", Chicago Tribune, February 21, 1967, p18
  84. ^ "Overview of catastrophic landslides of South America in the twentieth century", by Robert L. Schuster, et al., in Catastrophic Landslides: Effects, Occurrence, and Mechanisms (Geological Society of America, 2002) p5
  85. ^ Hamish Lindsay, Tracking Apollo to the Moon (Springer, 2013)
  86. ^ "Sukarno Ends Era; Gives Up Last Vestige of Power", Chicago Tribune, February 23, 1967, p1
  87. ^ MIS (1997-04-05). "Saat-Saat Jatuhnya Presiden Soekarno: Perjalanan Terakhir Bung Besar". Tempo. Archived from the original on 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  88. ^ "A Confessed Slayer of Family Goes Free", Chicago Tribune, February 21, 1967, p1
  89. ^ "India Premier Loses 7 Key Aides in Vote", Chicago Tribune, February 21, 1967, p2-10
  90. ^ "Mrs. Gandhi's Party Holding Slim Margin", Chicago Tribune, February 26, 1967, p17
  91. ^ "Labor Party Victorious in Jamaica Vote— Majority Increases in Parliament", Chicago Tribune, February 26, 1967, p6
  92. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p430 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  93. ^ "The unflown mission of Apollo 1", in Apollo: The Lost and Forgotten Missions, by David Shayler (Springer, 2002) pp131-152
  94. ^ "Today Was Date Set for Launching Of Apollo 1 Craft", AP report in The Progress (Clearfield PA), February 21, 1967, p1
  95. ^ "Only Weather Rocket To Be Launched Today", The Times (Shreveport LA), February 21, 1967, p3
  96. ^ "Enemy Booby Trap Kills Viet Expert Bernard Fall", The Courier-Journal (Louisville KY), February 22, 1967, p1
  97. ^ "New Jamaica Government", Philadelphia Daily News, February 23, 1967, p1
  98. ^ "Jamaica Leader Suffers Stroke", Baltimore Sun, January 27, 1965, p4
  99. ^ "Jamaica", in Heads of States and Governments: A Worldwide Encyclopedia of Over 2,300 Leaders, 1945 through 1992, by Harris M. Lentz III (Routledge, 1994) pp450-451
  100. ^ "Deaths Add to Mystery in 'JFK' Probe— Key New Orleans Figure Dies", Chicago Tribune, February 23, 1967, p1
  101. ^ "Ferrie 14th to Die with JFK Death Tie", Chicago Tribune, February 23, 1967, p4
  102. ^ Philip Shenon, A Cruel and Shocking Act: The Secret History of the Kennedy Assassination (Henry Holt and Company, 2013)
  103. ^ "February 23 Incident (1967)", in Historical Dictionary of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, by Guo Jian, et al. (Rowman & Littlefield, 2015) p113
  104. ^ Michael Schoenhals, China's Cultural Revolution, 1966-1969: Not a Dinner Party (M.E. Sharpe, 1996) p137
  105. ^ "BOSTON STRANGLER ESCAPES— Lifer DeSalvo Flees Hospital With 2 Pals", Pittsburgh Press, February 24, 1967, p1
  106. ^ "SEIZE ESCAPED STRANGLER— Cops Nab Him in Shop; Brother Is Informer", Chicago Tribune, February 26, 1967, p1
  107. ^ "DA Backed With Private Cash for Inquiry Into Assassination", Los Angeles Times, February 25, 1967, p1
  108. ^ "Plot Against JFK 'Solved,' Garrison Claims", Chicago Tribune, February 25, 1967, p1B-14
  109. ^ Dave Thompson, Cream: How Eric Clapton Took the World by Storm (Random House, 2012)
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  111. ^ A Time to Break Silence: The Essential Works of Martin Luther King, Jr., for Students (Beacon Press, 2013)
  112. ^ "94,255 See Andretti Win Daytona 500 Race", Chicago Tribune, February 27, 1967, p3-1
  113. ^ Pinchas E. Lapide and Helmut Gollwitzer, Hebrew in the Church: The Foundations of Jewish-Christian Dialogue (William B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1984) p149
  114. ^ Melissa Crouch, Law and Religion in Indonesia: Conflict and the Courts in West Java p27 (Routledge, 2013)
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  117. ^ Elihu Lauterpacht, Aspects of the Administration of International Justice (Cambridge University Press, 1991) p35
  118. ^ "Donges Is Selected S. Africa President", Fort Lauderdale News, March 1, 1967, p19
  119. ^ Glenda R. Balas, Recovering a Public Vision for Public Television (Rowman & Littlefield, 2003) p101
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