February 1948

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The following events occurred in February 1948:

February 1, 1948 (Sunday)

February 2, 1948 (Monday)

February 3, 1948 (Tuesday)

February 4, 1948 (Wednesday)

February 5, 1948 (Thursday)

February 6, 1948 (Friday)

  • British Prime Minister Clement Attlee made a radio broadcast encouraging the people to support the government's wage stabilization program, warning that failure of the drive to increase production and exports would mean mass unemployment and "real, desparate hunger."[7]
  • Died: Otto von Stülpnagel, 69, German general (committed suicide in the Cherche-Midi prison)

February 7, 1948 (Saturday)

February 8, 1948 (Sunday)

February 9, 1948 (Monday)

  • In a speech on the floor of Congress, Mississippi Senator James Eastland blasted President Truman's civil rights program and proposed that Southern Democrats nominate an independent candidate to run against him. "We find the national Democratic leadership today attempting to barter the South's social institutions for the political favors of mongrel Northern minority groups in politically doubtful states," Eastland said. "We are expected to remain docile while the pure blood of the South is mongrelized by the barter of our heritage by Northern politicians in order to secure political favors from Red mongrels in the slums of the cities of the East and Middle West."[12]
  • The Flag of Guam was adopted.
  • Born: David Hayman, actor and director, in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Died: Burns Mantle, 74, American theatre critic; Karl Valentin, 65, Bavarian actor and comedian

February 10, 1948 (Tuesday)

  • The border between France and Spain was formally reopened after France gave up on its two-year attempt to impose an economic blockade that other nations refused to participate in.[13]
  • In St. John's, Newfoundland, a building being used as an infirmary caught fire. 33 patients died in the blaze.[14]
  • Born: John Magnier, business magnate, in Fermoy, Ireland

February 11, 1948 (Wednesday)

February 12, 1948 (Thursday)

  • The ashes of Mahatma Gandhi were cast upon the sacred Ganges River at Allahabad. The crowd that packed the banks of the river and the ancient city was estimated at 2 to 3 million.[16]
  • 4,000 Democrats meeting in Jackson, Mississippi unanimously adopted a resolution calling upon "all true white Jeffersonian Democrats" to assemble for a nationwide conference to unite against President Truman's civil rights program.[17]
  • Born: Ray Kurzweil, author, scientist and inventor, in Queens, New York

February 13, 1948 (Friday)

  • The US Senate Foreign Relations Committee authorized $5.3 billion to cover the first twelve months of the Marshall Plan from April 1.[18]
  • A London policeman was slain for the first time in twenty-eight years when Constable Nathaniel Edgar was shot by a suspect he was questioning about a recent spate of burglaries in the Southgate area.[19][20] The murder inspired the 1950 police drama film The Blue Lamp.[21]
  • Born: Kitten Natividad, actress, in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico

February 14, 1948 (Saturday)

February 15, 1948 (Sunday)

February 16, 1948 (Monday)

February 17, 1948 (Tuesday)

February 18, 1948 (Wednesday)

February 19, 1948 (Thursday)

February 20, 1948 (Friday)

February 21, 1948 (Saturday)

February 22, 1948 (Sunday)

  • Ben Yehuda Street bombings: Palestinian Arabs planted two truckloads of explosives in the Jewish sector of Jerusalem, destroying a three-block area resulting in about 54 deaths and 200 injuries.[34]
  • In Vienna, US and British diplomats walked out on a celebration of the 30th anniversary of the Red Army at the Musikverein when Russian High Commissioner in Austria L. V. Kurasov accused "imperialistic" powers of helping Germany launch World War II and of plotting a new war against the Soviet Union.[35]
  • Born: John Ashton, actor, in Springfield, Massachusetts; Leslie H. Sabo Jr., American Medal of Honor recipient, in Kufstein, Austria (d. 1970)

February 23, 1948 (Monday)

  • Czechoslavakia's Communist Minister of the Interior and Minister of War claimed that groups within the National Social Party, the second-largest in the country, were conspiring for an armed revolt against the state. An order from the Interior Ministry forbade Czechoslovak citizens from leaving the country without a special passport stamp, while Police occupied and thoroughly searched the National Social party's headquarters in Prague and confiscated a number of documents. A statement was issued that same day on behalf of President Beneš asking "all citizens to maintain calm and order and to continue to work. He assures everyone that he acts in accord with the principles of parliamentary democracy and that he works to the end that all parties of the National Front seek to find unity to renew the collaboration of the whole National Front."[36]
  • Idaho Senator Glen H. Taylor announced in a radio address that he was quitting the Democrats and joining the new Progressive Party. "I am not leaving the Democratic Party," Taylor declared. "It left me. Wall Street and the military have taken over."[37]
  • Died: John Robert Gregg, 80, American educator and inventor of the Gregg Shorthand writing system

February 24, 1948 (Tuesday)

  • In Czechoslovakia, Communist action committees took over all offices and departments headed by non-Communists as well as opposition newspapers and political headquarters.[38]
  • Born: Jayalalithaa, actor and politician, in Mandya, India (d. 2016); Walter Smith, footballer and manager, in Lanark, Scotland

February 25, 1948 (Wednesday)

February 26, 1948 (Thursday)

  • The United States, Great Britain and France issued a joint statement condemning the Czechoslovak coup, calling it engineered "by means of a crisis artifically and deliberately instigated."[39]
  • The Argentine foreign ministry said that Argentina would refuse to negotiate with Britain over the Falkland Islands, which it claimed to be unquestionably Argentine territory.[38]

February 27, 1948 (Friday)

  • The Soviet Union asked Finland to enter a mutual military assistance pact "as quickly as possible."[40]
  • The US House of Representatives voted to cut President Truman's budget by $2.5 billion.[41]

February 28, 1948 (Saturday)

February 29, 1948 (Sunday)


  1. ^ Bose, Sumantra (2007). Contested Land. Harvard University Press. p. 230. ISBN 9780674028562. 
  2. ^ "Chicago Sun-Times". Chicagology. Retrieved May 20, 2018. 
  3. ^ Chiwengo, Ngwarsungu (2007). Understanding Cry, the Beloved Country. Westport, CT: The Greenwood Press. p. 21. ISBN 9780313335082. 
  4. ^ Trumbull, Robert (February 3, 1948). "India Bars Groups Teaching Violence". The New York Times: p. 1. 
  5. ^ "Fritz Kuhn Mysteriously Escapes From Dachau as He Awaits Trial". The New York Times: p. 1. February 5, 1948. 
  6. ^ "Ask Firmer Laws to Deal with Reds". The New York Times: p. 26. February 6, 1948. 
  7. ^ Egan, Charles E. (February 7, 1948). "Attlee Asks Curbs to Avert Collapse". The New York Times: p. 4. 
  8. ^ Hinton, Harold B. (February 8, 1948). "Eisenhower Ends Command, Warns of Lag in Recruiting". The New York Times: p. 1. 
  9. ^ "Mosley Announces New Organization". The New York Times: p. 35. February 8, 1948. 
  10. ^ Poole, Anne. "Oswald Mosley and the Union Movement: Success or Failure?" The Failure of British Facism: The Far Right and the Fight for Political Recognition. Ed. Mike Cronin. Palgrave MacMillan, 1996. p. 62. ISBN 9781349247585.
  11. ^ "Italy Lists Ships to Go". The New York Times: p. 39. February 9, 1948. 
  12. ^ "Truman Revolt In South Asked". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette: p. 1. February 10, 1948. 
  13. ^ "Trains Cross Border of France and Spain". The New York Times: p. 8. February 11, 1948. 
  14. ^ "Local Major Fires". St. John's Regional Fire Department. Archived from the original on March 18, 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2018. 
  15. ^ "Soviet Denounces Its 'Big 3' In Music, Orders a New Line". The New York Times: p. 1, 19. February 12, 1948. 
  16. ^ Trumbull, Robert (February 13, 1948). "Ashes of Gandhi Cast Upon Waters". The New York Times: p. 18. 
  17. ^ Popham, John N. (February 13, 1948). "4,000 in Mississipppi Want Truman Out". The New York Times: p. 1. 
  18. ^ Belair, Jr., Felix (February 14, 1948). "$5,300,000 Is Set". The New York Times: p. 1. 
  19. ^ "London Arms Police After One Is Slain". The New York Times: p. 1. February 15, 1948. 
  20. ^ Odell, Robin (2010). The Mammoth Book of Bizarre Crimes. Constable & Robinson Ltd. ISBN 9781849014366. 
  21. ^ McLaughlin, Eugene (2006). The New Policing. SAGE Publications. p. 12. ISBN 9780803989054. 
  22. ^ Raymond, Jack (February 15, 1948). "German Aluminum Output Ordered By U. S., Britain Despite Potsdam". The New York Times: p. 1. 
  23. ^ Bracker, Milton (February 16, 1948). "Paraguay Elects One-Party Ticket". The New York Times: p. 13. 
  24. ^ "British Believed Sending Cruiser To the Disputed Falkland Islands". The New York Times: p. 1. February 16, 1948. 
  25. ^ Browne, Mallory (February 17, 1948). "A Challenge Seen". The New York Times: p. 1. 
  26. ^ Kuiper, G. P., The Fifth Satellite of Uranus, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 61, No. 360, p. 129, June 1949.
  27. ^ Mercer, Derrik, ed. (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 669. ISBN 9-780582-039193. 
  28. ^ Smith, Hugh (February 19, 1948). "Costello Elected Ireland's Premier". The New York Times: p. 1. 
  29. ^ Middleton, Drew (February 19, 1948). "Soviet Completes Network of Pacts". The New York Times: p. 10. 
  30. ^ Ross, Albion (February 21, 1948). "Three Parties Quit Cabinet in Prague on Red Police Issue". The New York Times: p. 1, 5. 
  31. ^ Ross, Albion (February 22, 1948). "Benes Is Opposing Totalitarian Rule in Czech Deadlock". The New York Times: p. 1, 2. 
  32. ^ Parrott, Lindsay (February 22, 1948). "Ashida Is Elected Japanese Premier". The New York Times: p. 7. 
  33. ^ "Wallce Backers Unite in Michigan". The New York Times: p. 31. February 22, 1948. 
  34. ^ Leonard, Thomas M. (1977). Day By Day: The Forties. New York: Facts On File, Inc. p. 770. ISBN 0-87196-375-2. 
  35. ^ MacCormac, John (February 23, 1948). "West's Envoys Quit Soviet Ceremony". The New York Times: p. 1, 8. 
  36. ^ Ross, Albion (February 24, 1948). "Prague Patrolled". The New York Times: p. 1, 6. 
  37. ^ Trussell, C.P. (February 24, 1948). "Glen Taylor to Run on Wallace Ticket". The New York Times: p. 1, 15. 
  38. ^ a b c d Yust, Walter, ed. (1949). 1949 Britannica Book of the Year. Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. p. 3. 
  39. ^ Hinton, Harold B. (February 27, 1948). "Dictatorship Seen". The New York Times: p. 1. 
  40. ^ "Russia Asks Finland for Military Pact". The Advocate. Burnie, Tasmania: p. 1. February 28, 1948. 
  41. ^ Morris, John D. (February 28, 1948). "Congress Adopts $2,500,000,000 Cut in Truman Budget". The New York Times: p. 1. 
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