FTSE 100 Index

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FTSE 100 Index
FTSE 100 index chart since 1984.png
FTSE 100 Index performance between 1984 and 2015
Foundation 1984[1]
Operator FTSE Group[1]
Exchanges London Stock Exchange[1]
Constituents 100[1]
Type Large cap
Market cap £1.899 trillion
(as of Sept 2017)[1]
Weighting method Capitalisation-weighted[1]
Related indices
Website www.ftse.com

The Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index, also called the FTSE 100 Index, FTSE 100, FTSE, or, informally, the "Footsie" /ˈfʊtsi/, is a share index of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalisation. It is seen as a gauge of prosperity for businesses regulated by UK company law. The index is maintained by the FTSE Group, a subsidiary of the London Stock Exchange Group.

Overview

The index is maintained by the FTSE Group, a now wholly owned subsidiary of the London Stock Exchange which originated as a joint venture between the Financial Times and the London Stock Exchange. It is calculated in real time and published every second when the market is open.

The FTSE 100 broadly consists of the largest 100 qualifying UK companies by full market value.[2] Many of these are internationally focused companies, however, so the index's movements are a fairly weak indicator of how the UK economy is faring - as seen with many of the recent swings corresponding to the value of sterling.[3] A better indication of the UK economy is the FTSE 250, as it contains a smaller proportion of international companies.[4]

FTSE 100 companies represent about 81% of the entire market capitalisation of the London Stock Exchange. Even though the FTSE All-Share Index is more comprehensive, the FTSE 100 is by far the most widely used UK stock market indicator. Other related indices are the FTSE 250 Index (which includes the next largest 250 companies after the FTSE 100), the FTSE 350 Index (which is the aggregation of the FTSE 100 and 250), FTSE SmallCap Index and the FTSE Fledgling Index. The FTSE All-Share aggregates the FTSE 100, FTSE 250 and FTSE SmallCap.

Component companies must meet a number of requirements set out by the FTSE Group, including having a full listing on the London Stock Exchange with a Sterling or Euro denominated price on the Stock Exchange Electronic Trading Service, and meeting certain tests on nationality, free float, and liquidity.

The constituent companies were criticised for their lack of diversity at the boardroom level in a 2014 study which found that more than half of them had no non-white board members, and two thirds did not have any executive directors from minorities.[5]

Continuous trading on the London Stock Exchange starts at 08:00 and ends at 16:30 (when the closing auction starts), and closing values are taken at 16:35.

Weighting

In the FTSE indices, share prices are weighted by market capitalisation, so that the larger companies make more of a difference to the index than smaller companies. The basic formula for these indices is:

The Free float Adjustment factor represents the percentage of all issued shares that are readily available for trading. The factor is then rounded up to the nearest multiple of 5%. To find the free-float capitalisation of a company, first find its market cap (number of shares x share price) then multiply by its free-float factor. Free-float capitalisation, therefore, does not include restricted stocks, such as those held by company insiders.

Record values

The index reached the following record values:

Category All-time highs
Closing 7,556.24 12 October 2017
Intraday 7,598.99 2 June 2017

The index began on 3 January 1984 at the base level of 1000. The highest closing value of 7,556.24 was reached on 12 October 2017[6] and the highest intra-day value of 7,598.99 was reached on 2 June 2017.[7] The previous peaks were over 17 years previously, on the last trading day of 1999, during the dot-com bubble,[8][9][10] and in April 2015, when the Index reached 7103.98.[11] After falling during the financial crisis of 2007-2010 to below 3500 in March 2009, the index recovered and reached its record high on the morning of 2 June 2017.[12]

Constituents in September 2017

The following table lists the FTSE 100 companies measured by market capitalisation after the changes on 18 September 2017.[13] The index consists of 100 companies, but there are 101 listings, as Royal Dutch Shell has both A and B class shares listed. Schroders Non Voting shares were also listed until 1 June 2012 when the FTSE's stricter rules came into force.

Company Ticker FTSE Sector[14]
3i III Financial Services
Admiral Group ADM Nonlife Insurance
Anglo American plc AAL Mining
Antofagasta ANTO Mining
Ashtead Group AHT Support Services
Associated British Foods ABF Food Producers
AstraZeneca AZN Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology
Aviva AV. Life Insurance
Babcock International BAB Support Services
BAE Systems BA. Aerospace & Defense
Barclays BARC Banks
Barratt Developments BDEV Household Goods & Home Construction
Berkeley Group Holdings BKG Household Goods & Home Construction
BHP BLT Mining
BP BP. Oil & Gas Producers
British American Tobacco BATS Tobacco
British Land BLND Real Estate Investment Trusts
BT Group BT.A Fixed Line Telecommunications
Bunzl BNZL Support Services
Burberry BRBY Personal Goods
Carnival Corporation & plc CCL Travel & Leisure
Centrica CNA Gas, Water & Multiutilities
Coca-Cola HBC AG CCH Beverages
Compass Group CPG Travel & Leisure
ConvaTec CTEC Health Care Equipment & Services
CRH plc CRH Construction & Materials
Croda International CRDA Chemicals
DCC plc DCC Support Services
Diageo DGE Beverages
Direct Line Group DLG Nonlife Insurance
easyJet EZJ Travel & Leisure
Experian EXPN Support Services
Ferguson plc FERG Support Services
Fresnillo plc FRES Mining
G4S GFS Support Services
GKN GKN Automobiles & Parts
GlaxoSmithKline GSK Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology
Glencore GLEN Mining
Hammerson HMSO Real Estate Investment Trusts
Hargreaves Lansdown HL. Financial Services
HSBC HSBA Banks
Imperial Brands IMB Tobacco
Informa INF Media
InterContinental Hotels Group IHG Travel & Leisure
International Consolidated Airlines Group SA IAG Travel & Leisure
Intertek ITRK Support Services
ITV plc ITV Media
Johnson Matthey JMAT Chemicals
Kingfisher plc KGF General Retailers
Land Securities LAND Real Estate Investment Trusts
Legal & General LGEN Life Insurance
Lloyds Banking Group LLOY Banks
London Stock Exchange Group LSE Financial Services
Marks & Spencer MKS General Retailers
Mediclinic International MDC Health Care Equipment & Services
Merlin Entertainments MERL Travel & Leisure
Micro Focus MCRO Software & Computer Services
Mondi MNDI Forestry & Paper
Morrisons MRW Food & Drug Retailers
National Grid plc NG. Gas, Water & Multiutilities
Next plc NXT General Retailers
NMC Health NMC Health Care Equipment & Services
Old Mutual OML Life Insurance
Paddy Power Betfair PPB Travel & Leisure
Pearson PLC PSON Media
Persimmon plc PSN Household Goods & Home Construction
Prudential plc PRU Life Insurance
Randgold Resources RRS Mining
Reckitt Benckiser RB. Household Goods & Home Construction
RELX Group REL Media
Rentokil Initial RTO Support Services
Rio Tinto Group RIO Mining
Rolls-Royce Holdings RR. Aerospace & Defense
The Royal Bank of Scotland RBS Banks
Royal Dutch Shell RDSA Oil & Gas Producers
RSA Insurance Group RSA Nonlife Insurance
Sage Group SGE Software & Computer Services
Sainsbury's SBRY Food & Drug Retailers
Schroders SDR Financial Services
Scottish Mortgage Investment Trust SMT Equity Investment Instruments
Segro SGRO Real Estate Investment Trusts
Severn Trent SVT Gas, Water & Multiutilities
Shire plc SHP Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology
Sky plc SKY Media
Smith & Nephew SN. Health Care Equipment & Services
Smiths Group SMIN General Industrials
Smurfit Kappa SKG General Industrials
SSE plc SSE Electricity
Standard Chartered STAN Banks
Standard Life Aberdeen SLA Financial Services
St. James's Place plc STJ Life Insurance
Taylor Wimpey TW. Household Goods & Home Construction
Tesco TSCO Food & Drug Retailers
TUI Group TUI Travel & Leisure
Unilever ULVR Personal Goods
United Utilities UU. Gas, Water & Multiutilities
Vodafone Group VOD Mobile Telecommunications
Whitbread WTB Retail hospitality
Worldpay WPG Support Services
WPP plc WPP Media

Past constituents

source: "FTSE: FTSE 100 Constituent Changes" (PDF).  (57.9 KB)

FT 30

The oldest continuous index in the UK is the FT 30, also known as the Financial Times Index or the FT Ordinary Index (FTOI).[183] It was established in 1935 and nowadays is largely obsolete due to its redundancy. It is similar to the Dow Jones Industrial Average, and companies listed are from the industrial and commercial sectors. Financial sector companies and government stocks are excluded.

Of the original constituents,[184] four are currently in the FTSE 100: Guest Keen & Nettlefolds (GKN), Tate & Lyle, Imperial Tobacco and Rolls-Royce, although Rolls-Royce has not been continuously listed and Imperial Tobacco was a subsidiary of Hanson for a number of years. ICI was removed when it was taken over by Akzo Nobel in January 2008. Two of the original FT 30 companies are still in that index:[185] GKN and Tate & Lyle (membership is not strictly based on market capitalisation, so this does not mean they are necessarily among the top thirty companies in the FTSE 100). The best performer from the original lineup has been Imperial Tobacco.[186]

See also

Other lists
Stock market lists

Notes

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External links

  • Reuters page for .FTSE
  • FTSE Group website
  • FTSE100 Constituents Direct from FTSE Group website
  • FTSE 100 Index on Yahoo Finance
  • FTSE 100 profile on Wikinvest
  • Bloomberg page for UKX:IND
  • Historical Constituents of FTSE 100
  • FTSE 100 Index overview (invuk100)
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