FC Red Bull Salzburg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Red Bull Salzburg
Club crest
Full name Football Club Red Bull Salzburg
Nickname(s) Die Roten Bullen (The Red Bulls)
Founded 13 September 1933; 84 years ago (1933-09-13)
as SV Austria Salzburg
3 June 2005; 12 years ago (2005-06-03)
as FC Red Bull Salzburg
Ground Red Bull Arena, Wals-Siezenheim,
Austria
Ground Capacity 31,000[1]
Manager Marco Rose
League Austrian Bundesliga
2016–17 Austrian Bundesliga, 1st
Current season

FC Red Bull Salzburg is an Austrian association football club, based in Wals-Siezenheim. Their home ground is the Red Bull Arena. Due to sponsorship restrictions, the club is known as FC Salzburg and wears a modified crest when playing in UEFA competitions.[2]

The club was known as SV Austria Salzburg, and had several sponsored names, before being bought by Red Bull GmbH in 2005 who renamed the club and changed its colours from its traditional violet and white to red and white. The change resulted in some of the team's fans forming a new club, SV Austria Salzburg.

Founded in 1933, and refounded in 2005 as Red Bull Salzburg, the club won its first Bundesliga title in 1994, which was the first of three in the space of four seasons which also saw them reach the 1994 UEFA Cup final. The club has won eleven league titles and five Austrian Cups, all five of which came as doubles.

History

Historical chart of league performance of Red Bull Salzburg and their predecessor

Pre-Red Bull

FC Red Bull Salzburg was founded on 13 September 1933 as SV Austria Salzburg, after the merger of the city's two clubs, Hertha and Rapid.[3] In 1950, the club was dissolved but re-founded later the same year. It reached the Austrian top flight in 1953,[2] and finished 9th of 14 clubs in its first season there, avoiding relegation by five points.[4] Vienna-born Erich Probst was Salzburg's first-ever international, earning the last of his 19 Austrian caps on 27 March 1960.[5] Adolf Macek, who made the first of his four international appearances on 9 October 1965, was the club's first local player to earn a cap for Austria.[6]

Salzburg were top-flight runners-up for the first time in the 1970–71 season, gaining 43 points to Wacker Innsbruck's 44.[7] The club's first-ever European campaign was in the 1971–72 UEFA Cup, and it was eliminated 5–4 on aggregate by Romanian club UTA despite a 3–1 home victory in the second leg.[8] In 1974, Salzburg reached the Austrian Cup final for the first time, losing 2–1 away to Austria Wien in the first leg before a 1–1 home draw in the second.[9]

Salzburg moved to their current stadium, now known as the Red Bull Arena in 2003

In 1978, the club's official name was changed to SV Casino Salzburg and in 1997, to SV Wüstenrot Salzburg, due to a sponsorship deal with an Austrian financial services corporation. The team often remained referred to as SV Austria Salzburg. During the Casino era, Salzburg reached their first and so far only European final, the 1994 UEFA Cup final, where they lost both legs 1–0 to Inter Milan.[10] That same season, Salzburg won their first Bundesliga title, beating Austria Wien by 51 points to 49.[11] The title was retained the following season as Salzburg beat Sturm Graz on goal difference.[12] The 1995–96 season saw a drop to eighth place, one above a relegation play-off,[13] but the club's third title in four seasons was won in 1997 as they beat holders Rapid Wien by three points.[14]

Salzburg's inaugural UEFA Champions League campaign in 1994–95 saw them reach the group stage by beating Israel's Maccabi Haifa 5–2 on aggregate.[15] They were drawn into Group D with holders and eventual finalists Milan and eventual winners Ajax, as well as AEK Athens. Despite drawing both matches with Ajax, Salzburg picked up a solitary 3–1 win away in Athens and were eliminated in third place.[16]

The club moved to its current stadium in 2003.[2]

The Red Bull takeover

Due to UEFA regulations, Red Bull Salzburg use a modified crest and the name "FC Salzburg" when playing European matches.

The Red Bull company purchased the club on 6 April 2005 and rebranded it. After the takeover, Red Bull changed the club's name, management and staff, declaring "this is a new club with no history". Red Bull initially claimed on the club website that the club was founded in 2005, but was ordered to remove this claim by the Austrian Football Association. The new authority removed all trace of violet from the club logo and the team now play in the colours of red and white, to the consternation of much of the club's traditional support.[17] A small pair of wings form the motif of the new club crest, displayed on the team jersey, in accordance with Red Bull's commercial slogan at the time: "gives you wings". This complete re-branding of the team proved very similar to Red Bull's treatment of its two Formula One racing teams, Red Bull Racing and Scuderia Toro Rosso. Red Bull, however, would not completely follow this precedent when it acquired the MetroStars club in Major League Soccer (MLS) in the United States; while it rebranded the team as the New York Red Bulls, it chose to recognise the MetroStars' history.

Red Bull Salzburg, October 2005

The traditional supporters tried to resist the radical changes and formed their own movement in order to regain some of the tradition. Several fan-clubs throughout Europe voiced their support in what they saw as a fight against the growing commercialisation of football. However, after five months of protests and talks between the club owners and traditional fans, no compromise was reached. On 15 September 2005, the "violet" supporters stated that the talks had irreversibly broken down and efforts to reach an agreement would be terminated.

This gave rise to two separate fan groups: the "Red-Whites", who support "Red Bull Salzburg" and the "Violet-Whites", who want to preserve the 72-year-old tradition and refuse to support the rebranded club. The Violet-Whites ultimately formed a new club, Austria Salzburg after viewing Red Bull's offer to maintain the original colours only for the goalkeeper's socks at away games as provocation.[18]

The club's history going back to 1933 was later restored on the club website.[19]

Red Bull era

Dutchman Ricardo Moniz coached Red Bull to a Bundesliga and Cup double in the 2011–12 season.
German Roger Schmidt was coach from 2012 until 2014
Adi Hütter – Coach from 2014 to 2015

In May 2006, Red Bull announced on their website that they had hired veteran Italian coach Giovanni Trapattoni, together with his former player, German FIFA World Cup winner Lothar Matthäus, as co-trainers. The pair initially denied having reached a deal, but officially signed on 23 May 2006. Red Bull ultimately won the 2006–07 Bundesliga by a comfortable margin with five games still left in the season after drawing 2–2 with previous season's champions Austria Wien on 28 April 2007.

Red Bull were beaten by Shakhtar Donetsk in the third qualifying round[20][21] of the 2007–08 UEFA Champions League, and were then knocked out of the 2007–08 UEFA Cup in the first round by AEK Athens. On 13 February 2008, Giovanni Trapattoni confirmed that he would be taking over as the new Republic of Ireland national team manager in May. In his final season, the club finished as runners-up, six points behind champions Rapid Wien.[22] Trapattoni was succeeded by Co Adriaanse, under whom they finished as champions, but he left after one year. His successor was Huub Stevens. On 14 May 2010, Stevens' Red Bull retained the Bundesliga.[23]

Stevens was replaced by Dutchman Ricardo Moniz at the end of the 2010–11 season, in which Red Bull were denied a third consecutive title by Sturm Graz, who won the league by a three-point margin.[24] Red Bull finished second in the league, and qualified for the following season's UEFA Europa League. Moniz was ordered to integrate young players from the Junior squad: at the beginning of the 2011–12 season Daniel Offenbacher, Martin Hinteregger, Georg Teigl and Marco Meilinger were promoted to the first team. In the 2011–12 season, Red Bull won the Bundesliga league title and Cup double.

After the 2011–12 season, Moniz departed his post despite having a year remaining on his contract. The new coach for the 2012–13 season was Roger Schmidt, who came from SC Paderborn of the German 2. Bundesliga. In July 2012, Red Bull were knocked out of the Champions League in the second qualifying round against F91 Dudelange of Luxembourg, losing the first leg 1–0 away, followed by a 4–3 home win which saw the club eliminated on away goals.[25]

After that, the team was changed fundamentally. At the end of the transfer period, new players were purchased: Valon Berisha, Kevin Kampl, Håvard Nielsen, Sadio Mané, Isaac Vorsah, Rodnei. In the 2012–13 season, the team finished second in the league, behind champions Austria Wien. They recaptured the league title the following season with an 11-point margin over the runners-up. Also, in the 2014–15 season, they won both the Bundesliga and the cup.

Honours

Austrian Bundesliga

Austrian Cup

Austrian Supercup

Austrian First League

  • Winners (2): 1977–78*, 1986–87*

UEFA Cup

* as SV Austria Salzburg

European competition history

  • Q = Qualification
  • PO = Play-Off
  • QF = Quarter-final
  • SF = Semi-final
Season Competition Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
1971–72 UEFA Cup 1 Romania UT Arad 3–1 1–4 4–5
1976–77 UEFA Cup 1 Turkey Adanaspor 5–0 0–2 5–2
2 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Crvena Zvezda 2–1 0–1 2–2
1980–81 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1 Germany Fortuna Düsseldorf 0–3 0–5 0–8
1992–93 UEFA Cup 1 Netherlands Ajax 0–3 1–3 1–6
1993–94 UEFA Cup 1 Slovakia DAC Dunajska Streda 2–0 2–0 4–0
2 Belgium Royal Antwerp 1–0 1–0 2–0
3 Portugal Sporting CP 3–0 (aet) 0–2 3–2
QF Germany Eintracht Frankfurt 1–0 5–4 (pen.) 6–4
SF Germany Karlsruher SC 0–0 1–1 1–1
Final Italy Internazionale 0–1 0–1 0–2
1994–95 UEFA Champions League
as Casino Salzburg
Q1 Israel Maccabi Haifa 3–1 2–1 5–2
Group D Greece AEK Athens 0–0 3–1 3rd Place
Italy Milan 0–1 0–3
Netherlands Ajax 0–0 1–1
1995–96 UEFA Champions League Q1 Romania Steaua București 0–0 0–1 0–1
1997–98 UEFA Champions League Q1 Czech Republic Sparta Prague 0–0 0–3 0–3
1997–98 UEFA Cup 1 Belgium Anderlecht 4–3 2–4 6–7
1998 UEFA Intertoto Cup 2 Switzerland St. Gallen 3–1 0–1 3–2
3 Netherlands Twente 3–1 2–2 5–3
4 Netherlands Fortuna Sittard 3–1 1–2 4–3
5 Spain Valencia 0–2 1–2 1–4
2000 UEFA Intertoto Cup 2 Moldova Nistru Otaci 1–1 6–2 7–3
3 Belgium Standard Liège 1–1 1–3 2–4
2003–04 UEFA Cup 1 Italy Udinese 0–1 2–1 2–2
2 Italy Parma 0–4 0–5 0–9
2006–07 UEFA Champions League Q2 Switzerland Zürich 2–0 1–2 3–2
Q3 Spain Valencia 1–0 0–3 1–3
2006–07 UEFA Cup 1 England Blackburn Rovers 2–2 0–2 2–4
2007–08 UEFA Champions League Q2 Latvia Ventspils 4–0 3–0 7–0
Q3 Ukraine Shakhtar Donetsk 1–0 1–3 2–3
2007–08 UEFA Cup 1 Greece AEK Athens 1–0 0–3 1–3
2008–09 UEFA Cup Q1 Armenia Banants 7–0 3–0 10–0
Q2 Lithuania Sūduva Marijapolė 0–1 4–1 4–2
1 Spain Sevilla 0–2 0–2 0–4
2009–10 UEFA Champions League Q2 Republic of Ireland Bohemians 1–1 1–0 2–1
Q3 Croatia Dinamo Zagreb 1–1 2–1 3–2
PO Israel Maccabi Haifa 1–2 0–3 1–5
2009–10 UEFA Europa League Group G Italy Lazio 2–1 2–1 1st Place
Spain Villarreal 2–0 1–0
Bulgaria Levski Sofia 1–0 1–0
Round of 32 Belgium Standard Liège 0–0 2–3 2–3
2010–11 UEFA Champions League Q2 Faroe Islands HB Tórshavn 5–0 0–1 5–1
Q3 Cyprus Omonia 4–1 1–1 5–2
PO Israel Hapoel Tel Aviv 2–3 1–1 3–4
2010–11 UEFA Europa League Group A England Manchester City 0–2 0–3 4th Place
Poland Lech Poznań 0–1 0–2
Italy Juventus 1–1 0–0
2011–12 UEFA Europa League Q2 Latvia Liepājas Metalurgs 4–1 0–0 4–1
Q3 Slovakia Senica 1–0 3–0 4–0
PO Cyprus Omonia 1–0 1–2 2–2
Group F Slovakia Slovan Bratislava 3–0 3–2 2nd Place
Spain Athletic Bilbao 0–1 2–2
France Paris Saint-Germain 2–0 1–3
Round of 32 Ukraine Metalist Kharkiv 0–4 1–4 1–8
2012–13 UEFA Champions League Q2 Luxembourg Dudelange 4–3 0–1 4–4
2013–14 UEFA Champions League Q3 Turkey Fenerbahçe 1–1 1–3 2–4
2013–14 UEFA Europa League PO Lithuania Žalgiris Vilnius 5–0 2–0 7–0
Group C Sweden Elfsborg 4–0 1–0 1st Place
Denmark Esbjerg 3–0 2–1
Belgium Standard Liège 2–1 3–1
Round of 32 Netherlands Ajax 3–1 3–0 6–1
Round of 16 Switzerland Basel 1–2 0–0 1–2
2014–15 UEFA Champions League 3Q Azerbaijan Qarabağ 2–0 1–2 3–2
PO Sweden Malmö FF 2–1 0–3 2–4
2014–15 UEFA Europa League Group D Scotland Celtic 2–2 3–1 1st Place
Romania Astra Giurgiu 5–1 2–1
Croatia Dinamo Zagreb 4–2 5–1
Round of 32 Spain Villarreal 1–3 1–2 2–5
2015–16 UEFA Champions League 3Q Sweden Malmö FF 2–0 0–3 2–3
2015–16 UEFA Europa League PO Belarus Dinamo Minsk 2–0 0–2 2–2 (2–3 p.)
2016–17 UEFA Champions League 2Q Latvia FK Liepāja 1–0 2–0 3–0
3Q Albania Partizani Tirana 2–0 1–0 3–0
PO Croatia Dinamo Zagreb 1–2 (aet) 1–1 2–3
2016–17 UEFA Europa League Group I Germany Schalke 2–0 1–3 3rd Place
Russia Krasnodar 0–1 1–1
France Nice 0–1 2–0
2017–18 UEFA Champions League 2Q Malta Hibernians 3–0 3–0 6–0
3Q Croatia Rijeka 1–1 0–0 1–1 (a)
UEFA Europa League PO Romania Viitorul Constanța 4–0 3–1 7–1
Group I France Olympique Marseille 1-0 0-0 1st Place
Portugal Vitória S.C. 3-0 1-1
Turkey Konyaspor 0-0 2-0

Players

Current squad

As of 31 August 2017

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Austria GK Cican Stankovic
3 Brazil DF Paulo Miranda
4 Mali MF Amadou Haidara
5 Croatia DF Duje Ćaleta-Car
6 France DF Jérôme Onguéné (on loan from VfB Stuttgart)
7 Germany MF Reinhold Yabo
8 Mali MF Diadie Samassékou
9 Israel FW Moanes Dabour
11 Germany MF Marc Rzatkowski
13 Austria FW Hannes Wolf
14 Kosovo MF Valon Berisha (vice captain)
17 Austria DF Andreas Ulmer
18 Japan FW Takumi Minamino
19 South Korea FW Hwang Hee-chan
No. Position Player
20 Ghana MF David Atanga
21 Norway FW Fredrik Gulbrandsen
22 Austria DF Stefan Lainer
23 Austria DF Stefan Stangl
24 Austria MF Christoph Leitgeb
25 Austria MF Patrick Farkas
29 Ghana FW Samuel Tetteh
31 Brazil GK Carlos Miguel Coronel
33 Germany GK Alexander Walke (captain)
34 Croatia DF Marin Pongračić
41 Zambia FW Patson Daka
42 Austria MF Xaver Schlager
44 Brazil DF Igor

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil GK Airton (to Brazil RB Brasil until 31 December 2017)
Denmark DF Asger Sørensen (to Germany Jahn Regensburg)
No. Position Player
Ghana MF Majeed Ashimeru (to Austria Austria Lustenau)
Austria FW Marco Djuricin (to Switzerland Grasshopper)

Coaching staff

Position Staff
Head coach Germany Marco Rose
Assistant coaches Austria Rene Maric
Germany Alexander Zickler
Austria René Aufhauser
Additional coaches Austria Herbert Ilsanker
Austria Patrick Eibenberger

FC Liefering squad

As of 10 January 2015[26]

Since 2012, FC Liefering, currently participating in the Austrian First League, has been a farm team for Red Bull Salzburg.[27]

Red Bull Salzburg under-19 squad

As of September 16, 2015[28]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Bosnia and Herzegovina GK Valentino Jović
2 Austria DF Florian Wiedl
3 Austria DF Thomas Ettl
4 Croatia MF Branimir Kuhar
5 Austria DF Luca Meisl
6 Austria MF Dominik Stumberger
7 Austria MF Marvin Schöpf
8 Germany MF Nico Gorzel
9 Austria MF Hannes Wolf
10 Kosovo FW Mërgim Berisha
11 Austria MF Oliver Filip
12 Austria FW Randy Montie
13 Austria FW Nicolas Meister
14 Austria DF Julian Gölles
No. Position Player
15 Austria MF Steven Schmidt
16 Austria MF Mario Andric
17 Austria DF Christian Kappacher
18 Austria MF Maximilian Mayer
19 Austria MF Kenan Kirim
20 Austria MF Can Cakir
21 Austria GK Lukas Fuchs
22 Austria FW Christoph Halper
23 Germany MF Maximilian Schuster
24 Finland DF Juhani Pikkarainen
25 Austria MF Philipp Sturm
26 Austria DF Alexander Burgstaller
27 Poland MF Martin Pajaczkowski
28 Poland GK Bartłomiej Żynel

Under-21's coaching staff

Position Staff
Head coach Germany Thomas Letsch
Assistant coach Poland Janusz Gora
Fitness coach Austria Arno Herzog
Goalkeeping coach Austria Stefan Loch

Managerial history

See also

References

  1. ^ "FC Vaslui" (PDF). Uefa.com. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b c UEFA Champions League. "UEFA Champions League 1994/95 – History – Salzburg –". Uefa.com. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  3. ^ "FC Red Bull Salzburg – Club History". Redbulls.com. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  4. ^ "Fussball in Österreich". Austriasoccer.at. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  5. ^ "Erich Probst – national football team player". Eu-football.info. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  6. ^ "Adolf Macek – national football team player". Eu-football.info. 1993-07-20. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  7. ^ "Fussball in Österreich". Austriasoccer.at. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  8. ^ UEFA Europa League. "UEFA Europa League 1971/72 – History – Salzburg –". Uefa.com. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  9. ^ "Austria – Full Cup History 1958–2000". Rsssf.com. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  10. ^ UEFA Europa League (1994-06-01). "1993/94: Inter reclaim UEFA Cup – UEFA Europa League – News". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  11. ^ "Austria 1993/94". Rsssf.com. 2004-10-31. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  12. ^ "Austria 1994/95". Rsssf.com. 2004-10-31. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  13. ^ "Austria 1995/96". Rsssf.com. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  14. ^ "Austria 1996/97". Rsssf.com. 2003-01-16. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  15. ^ UEFA Champions League. "UEFA Champions League 1994/95 – History – Qualif. –". Uefa.com. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  16. ^ UEFA Champions League (2014-05-16). "UEFA Champions League 1994/95 – History – Standings –". Uefa.com. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  17. ^ "Austria Salzburg, SV Austria Salzburg, Fußball Salzburg, Fußball Österreich". Violett-Weiss.At. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  18. ^ http://in.reuters.com/article/idINIndia-57287120110526
  19. ^ "Club History". redbullsalzburg.at. Retrieved 2017-03-05. 
  20. ^ "Red Bull Salzburg vs Shakhtar Donetsk – 15 Aug 2007, Europe (UEFA): Champions League – Third Qualifying Round Livescore". Scorespro.com. 2007-08-15. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  21. ^ "Shakhtar Donetsk vs Red Bull Salzburg – 29 Aug 2007, Europe (UEFA): Champions League – Third Qulifying Round Livescore". Scorespro.com. 2007-08-29. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  22. ^ "Fussball in Österreich ™1 (Bundesliga) 2007/08". Austriasoccer.at. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  23. ^ "FC Red Bull Salzburg – Home". Redbulls.com. 2016-04-26. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  24. ^ "Fussball in Österreich ™1 (Bundesliga) 2010/11". Austriasoccer.at. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  25. ^ UEFA Champions League. "UEFA Champions League 2012/13 – History – Qualif. 2 –". Uefa.com. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  26. ^ "FC Red Bull Salzburg – Team". Redbulls.com. 2016-04-26. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  27. ^ FC Liefering Homepage
  28. ^ "FC Red Bull Salzburg – AKA18". Redbulls.com. 2016-04-26. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 

External links

  • Official website (in English)
  • Official Fanblog (in German)
  • Red Bull Salzburg at Wikimedia Commons
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