Fünf Lieder, Op. 105 (Brahms)

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Fünf Lieder
für eine tiefere Stimme und Klavier
by Johannes Brahms
JohannesBrahms.jpg
The composer around 1885
Catalogue Op. 105
Text by Klaus Groth, Hermann Lingg, Detlev von Liliencron and Carl von Lemcke, and a traditional
Language German
Composed 1886 (1886)–88
Published 1888 (1888)
Movements five
Scoring
  • lower voice
  • piano

Fünf Lieder (Five Songs), Op. 105, were composed by Johannes Brahms between 1886 and 1888. He set five poems by different authors, mostly contemporary poets, for a lower voice and piano. Simrock published the work in 1888.

History

Brahms recorded in a pocket diary entry written in Thun, Switzerland, in August 1886, that he had set several poems to music, including Klaus Groth's "Wie Melodien zieht es mir leise durch den Sinn" ("Like melodies it steals softly through my mind"),[1] Hermann Lingg's "Immer leiser wird mein Schlummer" ("My slumber grows more and more gentle"),[1] Carl von Lemcke's Verrat / "Ich stand in einer lauen Nacht" (Betrayal / "I stood, it was one balmy night")[1] and another song by Paul Flemming, all of them authors from the 19th century. He probably composed the songs with the voice of Hermine Spies in mind,[2] who privately sang some of them for him.[3]

Two years later, Brahms offered a group of songs for lower voice to his publisher Simrock, to be his Op. 105, together with a group for high voice as Op. 106. The final grouping and order was achieved in a personal meeting of the composer and the publisher,[4] ultimately adding to Op. 105 a setting of a traditional Lower Rhenish song, "Feins Liebchen, trau du nicht" ("Beloved, do not trust") and a poem by Detlev von Liliencron, Auf dem Kirchhofe / "Der Tag ging regenschwer und sturmbewegt" (At the graveyard / "The day was heavy with rain and storms"):[1][4][5]

  1. Wie Melodien zieht es mir leise durch den Sinn (Groth)
  2. Immer leiser wird mein Schlummer (Lingg)
  3. Feins Liebchen, trau du nicht (traditional)
  4. Der Tag ging regenschwer (Liliencron)
  5. Ich stand in einer lauen Nacht (Lemcke)

The group, as others by Brahms, has been metaphorically described as a "song bouquet", likening it to flowers "plucked" from different sources and then combined into a whole.[4] The songs were premiered individually, the first song on 11 February 1887 in Vienna, the second at a recital of Amalie Joachim in Berlin on 1 February 1888, the third on 6 March 1888 in Vienna, the fourth on 30 November 1888 there, and the fifth also there on 5 December 1888, in a concert of Olga Segel.[6] Later performances and recordings also often ignored the published grouping, placing individual songs in different contexts.[1]

The melodies of some of these songs also make appearances in Brahms' instrumental works, especially "Immer leiser wird mein Schlummer", which he had used a few years earlier as a cello solo theme in the third movement of his Piano Concerto No. 2 in B major.[7][8] Motifs from three of the songs appear in his Violin Sonata No. 2, "Wie Melodien zieht es mir leise durch den Sinn" as the second subject of the first movement, and both "Immer leiser wird mein Schlummer" and "Auf dem Kirchhofe" in the final movement.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Fünf Lieder, Op. 105". Hyperion Records. 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Potter, Tully (2017). "The Brahms Violin Sonatas". Deutsche Grammophon. Retrieved 19 September 2017. 
  3. ^ Caroline Valentin 1893.
  4. ^ a b c Rij, Inge van (2006). "Conception to publication". Brahms's Song Collections (in German). Cambridge University Press. pp. 38–40, 74. ISBN 9780521835589. 
  5. ^ Sandberger, Wolfgang (2016). Lieder, op. 105–107. Brahms-Handbuch (in German). Springer. p. 251–253. ISBN 9783476052209. 
  6. ^ "Opus 105, Fünf Lieder für eine tiefere Stimme und Klavier" (in German). Brahms-Institut. 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  7. ^ Osborne, Richard (1994). "Brahms Piano Concerto No.2 and Lieder". Gramophone. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  8. ^ Michael Thomas Roeder (1994). A History of the Concerto. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 270. ISBN 978-0-931340-61-1. Retrieved 20 September 2017. 

Sources

External links

  • Palmer, John. Songs (5) for voice & piano, Op. 105 at AllMusic
  • 5 Lieder, Op. 105, French National Library
  • Brahms Among Friends: Listening, Performance, and the Rhetoric of Allusion
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