Ewha Womans University

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Ewha Womans University
이화여자대학교
Ehwa badge.png
Motto 진·선·미
眞·善·美
Motto in English
Knowledge·Goodness·Beauty
Type Private
Established 1886
President Kim Hei-sook[1]
Academic staff
980
Administrative staff
556
Students 20,330[2]
Undergraduates 14,812
Postgraduates 5,518
Location , ,
Campus Urban
544,964  
Colors Ewha Green     
Nickname Idae (이대·梨大)
Website www.ewha.ac.kr
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Ihwa Yeoja Daehakgyo
McCune–Reischauer Ihwa Yŏja Taehakkyo
Main entrance
Ewha campus complex

Coordinates: 37°33′42.72″N 126°56′48.60″E / 37.5618667°N 126.9468333°E / 37.5618667; 126.9468333

Street near Ewha

Ewha Womans University (Hangul이화여자대학교; Hanja梨花女子大學校) is a private women's university in Seoul, South Korea founded in 1886 by Mary F. Scranton under Emperor Gojong. It is at present the world's largest female educational institute and is one of the most prestigious universities in South Korea.

History

Ewha Womans University traces its roots back to Mary F. Scranton's Ewha Haktang (Hangul이화학당; Hanja梨花學堂) mission school for girls, which opened with one student on May 31, 1886 (Lee, 2001).[3] The name Ewha, which means “Pear Blossoms”, was bestowed by the Emperor Gojong the following year. The campus was covered with them, and historians speculate that a grove of pear trees near Scranton home's inspired the name. The image of the pear blossom is incorporated in the school's logo.

The history of Ewha traces back to 1886 when American missionary Mary F. Scranton began classes for women in Seoul, the capital of Korea. Since its first class, Ewha’s pioneering efforts have led to its becoming the first educational institute for women and the first government-accredited four-year university in Korea. Ewha has now grown into one of Korea’s most prestigious schools and the world’s largest women’s university with nearly 25,000 students and 987 faculty members within 11 colleges, 15 graduate schools, and 66 research institutes. In 2013, Ewha ranked 1st among Korean universities in CWTS Leiden Ranking and in the number of law clerks produced, and produced the highest number of women executives in Korea’s top 100 companies. Ewha also became the first Korean university to sign a university-industry collaboration agreement with the multinational chemical corporation Solvay in 2011 for a total investment of 21.5 million dollars. The global headquarters of Solvay’s R&D center has been built at Ewha to establish the joint research infrastructure and cultivate new talents to lead the future of science. Ewha hopes to continue serving the women of the world in realizing their dreams and exploring new opportunities. [4]

The school began providing college courses in 1910, and professional courses for women in 1925. The high school section, now known as Ewha Girls' High School (not to be confused with the coeducational Ewha Womans University High School, the university's demonstration school, founded in 1958),[5] separated from the college section and is currently located in Jung-gu, Seoul.[6] Both institutions share the same motto and the "pear blossoms" image in their logos.

Immediately following liberation of Korea on August 15, 1945, the college received government permission to become a university. It was the first South Korean university to be officially organized.

Student population

According to figures provided by the university in April 2018, there are 21,596 enrolled students at the university.[7]

While figures on the student body's gender breakdown are not available, Korea JoongAng Daily reported in 2003 there were 10 male students enrolled at the time.[8] In 2009, Asian Correspondent reported that male students make up 30% of all foreign international students at the university.[9]

Collaborations

The university collaborates with around 830 partners in 64 countries including Australian National University, Cornell University, Freie University of Berlin, Ghent University, Harvard University, Indiana University, King’s College London, Nanyang Technological University, Peking University, University of Kuala Lumpur, University of California, Irvine, University of British Columbia, University of Edinburgh, University of Hong Kong, University of South Carolina, Uppsala University, and Waseda University.

Name

The university now explains its peculiar name by saying that while the lack of an apostrophe in "Womans University" is unconventional, the use of "Woman's" rather than "Women's" was normal in the past.[10]

It claims the use of "Womans" carries special meaning in that the early founders of the college thought that every woman is to be respected; to promote this idea, they chose the word "woman" to avoid lumping students together under the word "women"[11]. The claim has not been substantiated.

Organization

Colleges

Graduate schools

Controversies and criticisms

Helen Kim, the seventh principal and first Korean principal of Ewha, is considered to be pro-Japanese. She is known to have encouraged young men to enlist in the Japanese army. The statue of Helen Kim and the building named after her on campus has been criticized. Students have protested many times to take down the statue.[12][13] While Ewha Womans University has been the center of women's rights movements that had positive impacts on Korean society, this feminist feature created controversies in Korea, where misogyny is deep-seated.[14] One example of controversies was men's benefit from military service. Originally, getting extra points on employment and being paid for higher step in the salary class were available to males who had done their mandatory military service. Yet, in 1999, Ewha Womans University students and one male student, who was a disabled student of Yonsei University, protested that this is a sexism problem and discrimination toward disabled people.[15] This case eventually went to court, and the court ruled that this was, indeed, sexism and discrimination toward the disabled.

Ewha Womans University became embroiled in the 2016 South Korean political scandal, because a former student, Chung Yoo-ra, was admitted under a special rule change by virtue of her mother's close connections to South Korean President Park Geun-hye despite not meeting requirements. Students had already been protesting against some of the university's unilateral changes to the degree system and departments before the political scandal blew up. As a result, the university's president, Choi Kyunghee, was ousted and convicted and Chung Yoo-ra's degree was rescinded.[16]

Achievements

  • Among the women lawmakers appointed to the 19th National Assembly (2012-2016), 27.6% are Ewha alumnae.
  • The only Korean university participating as a partner in the Harvard College in Asia Program (HCAP) and Ewha-Harvard Summer School Program.
  • Produced the 6th highest number of successful candidates in National Judicial Exam and the 7th highest number in Civil Service Exam in 2013(ranked 5th in 2012).
  • First among all private Korean universities in the number of citations per research paper in the 2012 Chosun-QS Evaluation of Asian Universities.

Awards

  • 321st in the 2013 Leiden Ranking, a qualitative assessment of faculty research in the world’s top 500 universities.[17]
  • 299th in the QS World University Rankings in 2018.[18]
  • Ninth among all Korean universities in the Chosun-QS Evaluation of Asian Universities in 2016.[19]

Distinguished Honorary Ewha Fellows

Distinguished Fellows of the Ewha Academy for Advanced Studies

Notable alumnae

Politics and government

Business

Science

Sports

Entertainment

Others

Affiliated facilities

  • Ewha Womans University Museum
  • Ewha Womans University Natural History Museum
  • Ewha Womans University Medical Center
  • Ewha Institute For Leadership Development
  • Ewha Advanced IT Education Center
  • Ewha School Of Continuing Education
  • Ewha Language Center
  • Ewha Archives
  • Ewha Elementary School
  • Ewha Kindergarten
  • Ewha Kumnan High School
  • Ewha Kumnan Middle School
  • Youngran Information Industry High School
  • Youngran Girl's Middle School

Gallery

Public transportation

See also

References

  1. ^ Ock Hyun-ju (2017-05-26). "Ewha gets first directly elected president". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 2017-06-19.
  2. ^ "Ewha Information". Ewha Womans University Official Website.
  3. ^ Lee Jeong-kyu. (2001). The establishment of modern universities in Korea and their implications for Korean education policies. In Education Policy Analysis Archives 9 (27) Archived 2006-09-02 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ https://www.topuniversities.com/universities/ewha-womans-university
  5. ^ "[임철순의 즐거운 세상] 가장 긴 제목". Hankook Ilbo (in Korean). January 30, 2014.
  6. ^ "Memorial exhibition to be held for Scranton". Ewha Voice. Ewha Womans University. May 18, 2009.
  7. ^ "Student Statistics". Ewha Womams University. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  8. ^ "Minority Report: 10 men among 21,000 women". Korea JoongAng Daily. 10 June 2003. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  9. ^ Schwartzman, Nathan (23 August 2009). "Foreign Male Students are at Ewha Women's University". Asian Correspondent. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  10. ^ Compare Texas Woman's University, named in 1957, Randolph-Macon Woman's College, named in 1893, as well as Mississippi Woman's College and Woman's College of the University of North Carolina, all of which have since changed their names.
  11. ^ "이대학보". Inews.ewha.ac.kr. Retrieved 2016-11-13.
  12. ^ "이대 학생위 "친일파 김활란 동상 철거하라"".
  13. ^ "이화여대 김활란 총장 동상...매번 훼손되는 이유는".
  14. ^ "An epic battle between feminism and deep-seated misogyny is under way in South Korea". 2016-10-23. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
  15. ^ "군가산점제 위헌판결, 불붙은 논쟁의 시작". 2014-02-20. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  16. ^ "Ex-Ewha Univ. chief faces arrest over Chung Yoo-ra admission". 2017-01-24. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
  17. ^ (CWTS), Centre for Science and Technology Studies. "CWTS Leiden Ranking". CWTS Leiden Ranking.
  18. ^ "Ewha Womans University". Top Universities. 29 July 2017.
  19. ^ "QS University Rankings: Asia 2016". Top Universities. 8 June 2016.
  20. ^ Ledyard, Gari (2010). "Remembering JaHyun Kim Haboush: An Obituary". 2.2. Korean Histories. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  21. ^ "In the News – North Korean defectors emerge from periphery | MOU OneKorea". Mouonekorea.wordpress.com. 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2016-11-13.

External links

  • EWHA by ArchiDiAP
  • Official website, in Korean and English
  • Official website for international programs, in Korean and English
  • Ewha Womans University at Curlie
  • Ewha Womans University Museum at Google Cultural Institute
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