Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale

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Baring (right), Roger Makins and A. L. Rowse photographed in 1926 by Lady Ottoline Morrell

Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale, KG, GCMG, KCVO (29 September 1903 – 10 March 1973) was Governor of Southern Rhodesia from 1942 to 1944, High Commissioner for Southern Africa from 1944 to 1951, and Governor of Kenya from 1952 to 1959. His governorship of Kenya was marked by the Mau Mau uprising.

Born to the wealthy Baring banking family and a younger son of The 1st Earl of Cromer, the first British ruler of Egypt, Baring was created 1st Baron Howick of Glendale in 1960 and a Knight of the Garter in 1972. He married, in 1935, Mary Cecil Grey, who was the daughter of The 5th Earl Grey. She inherited the 18th-century mansion Howick Hall from her father when he died in 1963, thus providing the name used for Baring's eventual peerage.

Mau Mau Rebellion

In June, 1957, Baring passed on to Alan Lennox-Boyd a secret memorandum[1] written by Eric Griffiths-Jones, the attorney general of Kenya. The memorandum described the abuse of Mau Mau detainees. The paper alleges that Baring supplied a covering letter that asserted that inflicting "violent shock" was the only way of dealing with Mau Mau insurgents.[1]


  1. ^ a b Cobain, Ian; Walker, Peter (11 April 2011). "Secret memo gave guidelines on abuse of Mau Mau in 1950s". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 April 2011.

External links

  • A synopsis of Baring career
  • Baring administrative tactics
Political offices
Government offices
Preceded by
Fraser Russell
Governor of Southern Rhodesia
Succeeded by
Robert James Hudson
Preceded by
Sir Philip Euen Mitchell
Governor of Kenya
Succeeded by
Sir Patrick Muir Renison
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
William Ormsby-Gore, 4th Baron Harlech
British High Commissioner to
South Africa

Succeeded by
John Le Rougetel
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Howick of Glendale
Succeeded by
Charles Evelyn Baring

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