Euston Square tube station

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Euston Square London Underground
Euston Square tube station, Westbound platform - geograph.org.uk - 977128.jpg
Euston Square is located in Central London
Euston Square
Euston Square
Location of Euston Square in Central London
Location Euston Road
Local authority London Borough of Camden
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Accessible Yes (Westbound only)[1]
Fare zone 1
OSI Euston National Rail London Overground
Euston London Underground
Warren Street London Underground[2]
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013 Increase 12.36 million[3]
2014 Increase 14.33 million[3]
2015 Increase 14.88 million[3]
2016 Decrease 14.40 million[3]
Key dates
10 January 1863 (1863-01-10) Opened as Gower Street
1 November 1909 Renamed Euston Square
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
  • TfL station info page
WGS84 51°31′33″N 0°08′09″W / 51.5258°N 0.1358°W / 51.5258; -0.1358Coordinates: 51°31′33″N 0°08′09″W / 51.5258°N 0.1358°W / 51.5258; -0.1358
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London Transport portal

Euston Square is a London Underground station at the corner of Euston Road and Gower Street, just north of University College London and within walking distance of Euston railway station. It is between Great Portland Street and King's Cross St. Pancras on the Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines, in Travelcard Zone 1.

History

The station was opened as "Gower Street" on 10 January 1863 by the Metropolitan Railway (MR) the world's first underground railway.[4] In 1864, the North Western and Charing Cross Railway received parliamentary authorisation for a line between Euston and Charing Cross connecting to the mainline companies at each end.[5] Following a renaming to the London Central Railway (LCR) in 1870, the company was authorised in 1871 to build a station on the north side of the MR's tunnel. This would have provided an interchange between the two railways; however, the LCR was unable to raise funding for construction of its line and the scheme was abandoned in 1874.[6]

The station was given its present name on 1 November 1909.[4] In late 2006 the new entrance on the south side of Euston Road opened in a corner of the new headquarters of the Wellcome Trust replacing the old entrance. There is also a subway entrance on the north side of Euston Road. In 2011, two new lifts linking the westbound platform to the street were opened. On top of these a new modern entrance was opened.

Future

In December 2005, Network Rail announced plans[7] to create a subway link between the station and Euston station as part of the re-development of Euston station. This will create a direct link for users of main line rail services which depart from Euston. These plans would also be pursued during a rebuilding for High Speed 2.[8]

Services

The station is served by the Metropolitan, Hammersmith & City and Circle lines, between King's Cross St. Pancras to the east and Great Portland Street to the west. All three lines share the same pair of tracks from Baker Street Junction to Aldgate Junction making this section of track one of the most intensely used on the London Underground network.

Circle line

The typical service in trains per hour (tph) is:[9]

  • 6 tph Clockwise via Liverpool Street and Tower Hill
  • 6 tph Anti-Clockwise to Hammersmith via Paddington

Hammersmith & City line

The typical service in trains per hour (tph) is:[9]

  • 6 tph Eastbound to Barking
  • 6 tph Westbound to Hammersmith via Paddington

Metropolitan line

The Metropolitan Line is the only line to operate express services, though currently this is only during peak times (Westbound 06:30-09:30 / Eastbound 16:00-19:00). Fast services run non-stop between Wembley Park, Harrow-On-The-Hill and Moor Park, Semi-fast services run non-stop between Wembley Park and Harrow-On-The-Hill.[10]

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:[11]

  • 12 tph Eastbound to Aldgate
  • 2 tph Westbound to Amersham (all stations)
  • 2 tph Westbound to Chesham (all stations)
  • 8 tph Westbound to Uxbridge (all stations)

Off-peak services to/from Watford terminate at Baker Street

The typical peak time service in trains per hour (tph) is:[11]

  • 14 tph Eastbound to Aldgate
  • 2 tph Westbound to Amersham (fast in the evening peak only)
  • 2 tph Westbound to Chesham (fast in the evening peak only)
  • 4 tph Westbound to Watford (semi-fast in the evening peak only)
  • 6 tph Westbound to Uxbridge (all stations)

Connections

London Buses routes 10, 14, 18, 24, 27, 29, 30, 73, 88, 134, 205 and 390 and night routes N5, N18, N20, N29, N73, N205 and N279 serve the station.

References

  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "Out-of-station interchanges". Transport for London. Retrieved 2017-08-16. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. March 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Rose 1999.
  5. ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005, p. 10.
  6. ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005, p. 13.
  7. ^ "Euston redevelopment". Always Touch Out. 25 January 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-02-13. 
  8. ^ "High speed rail". Transport Select Committee. House of Commons. 28 June 2011. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. 
  9. ^ a b "Circle and Hammersmith & City line WTT" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 November 2016. 
  10. ^ "CULG - Metropolitan Line". www.davros.org. Retrieved 2017-03-19. 
  11. ^ a b "Metropolitan line WTT" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-07-01. 

Bibliography

  • Badsey-Ellis, Antony (2005). London's Lost Tube Schemes. Capital Transport. ISBN 185414-293-3. 
  • Rose, Douglas (1999) [1980]. The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History (7th ed.). Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. 

External links

  • "London Euston railway station to Euston Square tube station subway link". Always Touch Out. 
  • "Euston Square Entrance in 1950s". Photo collection. London Transport Museum. 
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Hammersmith
Circle line
towards Edgware Road (via Aldgate)
Hammersmith & City line
towards Barking
Metropolitan line
towards Aldgate
  Former services  
towards Hammersmith
Metropolitan line
Hammersmith branch (1864-1990)
towards Barking
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