European Parliament election, 2004 (Spain)

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European Parliament election in Spain, 2004
← 1999 13 June 2004 2009 →

All 54[a] Spanish seats in the European Parliament
Registered 34,706,044 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2.6%
Turnout 15,666,491 (45.1%)
Red Arrow Down.svg17.9 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Josep Borrell 2016 (cropped).jpg Jaime Mayor Oreja 2015b (cropped).jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader Josep Borrell Jaime Mayor Oreja Ignasi Guardans
Party PSOE PP Galeusca
Leader since 2 May 2004 22 April 2004 18 January 2004
Leader's seat Spain Spain Spain
Last election 24 seats, 35.3% 27 seats, 39.7% 4 seats, 8.0%
Seats won 25 24 2
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 Red Arrow Down.svg3 Red Arrow Down.svg2
Popular vote 6,741,112 6,393,192 798,816
Percentage 43.5% 41.2% 5.1%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg8.2 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.5 pp Red Arrow Down.svg2.9 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Willy Meyer 2014 (cropped).jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader Willy Meyer Bernat Joan Alejandro Rojas-Marcos
Alliance GUE/NGL Greens/EFA ELDR/G–EFA
Leader since 8 May 2004 17 April 1999 2004
Leader's seat Spain Spain Spain
Last election 4 seats, 6.5% 2 seats, 1.1% 2 seats, 3.4%
Seats won 2 1 0
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg2 Red Arrow Down.svg1 Red Arrow Down.svg2
Popular vote 643,136 380,709 197,231
Percentage 4.1% 2.5% 1.3%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg2.4 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.4 pp Red Arrow Down.svg2.1 pp

Provincial results map for the European Parliament in Spain

The 2004 European Parliament election in Spain was held on Sunday, 13 June 2004, as part of the EU-wide election to elect the 6th European Parliament. All 54 seats allocated to Spain as per the Treaty of Nice were up for election.[a]

Electoral system

The 54 members of the European Parliament allocated to Spain as per the Treaty of Nice[a] were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with no threshold being applied to be entitled to enter seat distribution. However, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold depending on the district magnitude.[1] Seats were allocated to a single multi-member constituency comprising the entire national territory. Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals and resident non-national European citizens over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights.[2][3][4]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, they were required to secure the signature of at least 15,000 registered electors. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Parties, federations and coalitions were allowed to replace this requirement with the signature of at least 50 elected officials—deputies, senators, MEPs or members from the legislative assemblies of autonomous communities or from local city councils—. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days from the election call.[2][3]

Parties and leaders

Parties and coalitions Composition Ideology Candidate
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Social democracy Josep Borrell[5]
People's Party (PP) Liberal conservatism Jaime Mayor Oreja[6]
Galeusca–Peoples of Europe (Galeusca) Peripheral nationalism Ignasi Guardans[7][8]
United LeftICV–EUiA (IU–ICV–EUiA) Democratic socialism Willy Meyer[9][10]
Europe of the Peoples (EdP) Peripheral nationalism Bernat Joan
European Coalition (CE) Regionalism Alejandro Rojas-Marcos



Summary of the 13 June 2004 European Parliament election results in Spain
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 6,741,112 43.46 +8.13 25 +1
People's Party (PP) 6,393,192 41.21 +1.47 24 –3
Galeusca–Peoples of Europe (Galeusca)1 798,816 5.15 –2.87 2 –2
United LeftInitiative for Catalonia Greens–EUiA (IU–ICV–EUiA)2 643,136 4.15 –2.36 2 –2
Europe of the Peoples (EdP)3 380,709 2.45 +1.34 1 –1
European Coalition (CE)4 197,231 1.27 –2.17 0 –2
Blank ballots 95,014 0.61 –1.08
Total 15,512,282 54 –10
Valid votes 15,512,282 99.02 –0.19
Invalid votes 154,209 0.98 +0.19
Votes cast / turnout 15,666,491 45.14 –17.91
Abstentions 19,039,553 54.86 +17.91
Registered voters 34,706,044
Popular vote
Blank ballots

Distribution by European group

Summary of political group distribution in the 6th European Parliament (2004–2009)[13]
Groups Parties Seats Total %
Party of European Socialists (PES) 24 24 44.44
European People's Party–European Democrats (EPP–ED) 24 24 44.44
The Greens–European Free Alliance (Greens–EFA) 1
3 5.56
European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) 1
2 3.70
European United Left–Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL) 1 1 1.85
Total 54 54 100.00


  1. ^ a b c Note that while the Treaty of Nice initially allocated 50 seats to Spain, it provided for a total European Parliament size of 732 which—as a result of Bulgaria and Romania not acceessing the European Union until 2007—allowed for Spain to be awarded four additional seats, which it maintained for the entire 2004–2009 term.


  1. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  2. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 6 March 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  4. ^ Treaty of Nice amending the Treaty on European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts, 10 March 2001 Official Journal of the European Communities. Retrieved on 21 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Borrell y Díez encabezarán la lista del PSOE para las elecciones europeas". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. 21 April 2004. Retrieved 21 July 2017. 
  6. ^ Marcos, Pilar (23 April 2004). "El PP designa a Mayor para que encabece su lista en las elecciones al Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 21 July 2017. 
  7. ^ Garriga, Josep (15 January 2004). "Ignasi Guardans sustituirá a Gasòliba como 'número uno' de CiU en las europeas". El País (in Spanish). Barcelona. Retrieved 21 July 2017. 
  8. ^ Aymi, Oriol (25 April 2004). "CiU y ERC aprueban sus listas para las próximas elecciones europeas". El País (in Spanish). Tarragona. Retrieved 21 July 2017. 
  9. ^ Elordi Cué, Carlos (22 April 2004). "La dirección de IU sanciona la lista europea con el apoyo del 68%". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 21 July 2017. 
  10. ^ Agencias (8 May 2004). "Willy Meyer será el candidato de IU a las elecciones europeas". Cadena SER (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 21 July 2017. 
  11. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. European Parliament. June 2004. National totals". (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  12. ^ "European election 13 June 2004". (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  13. ^ "Parlamento Europeo: Distribución de los Eurodiputados españoles en grupos parlamentarios". (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 March 2017. 

External links

  • European elections Spain in Europe Politique.
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