European Parliament election, 1994 (Italy)

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Italian election of European Parliament, 1994
← 1989 12 June 1994 1999 →

87 seats to the European Parliament
  First party Second party Third party
  Silvio Berlusconi 1994.jpg Achille Occhetto.jpg Gianfranco Fini crop.jpg
Leader Silvio Berlusconi Achille Occhetto Gianfranco Fini
Party Forza Italia Democratic Party of the Left National Alliance
Leader since 26 January 1994 2 June 1988 6 July 1991
Seats before 22
Seats won 27 16 11
Popular vote 10,089,139 6,281,354 4.108.670
Percentage 30.6% 19.1% 12.5%

European Election 1994 Italy.png
European election results map. Blue denotes provinces with a Forza Italia plurality, Red denotes those with a Democratic Party of the Left plurality, Yellow denotes provinces with a People's Party plurality, Brown and Gray and denotes those with an Autonomist plurality.

The European Parliament election of 1994 in Italy was the election of the delegation from Italy to the European Parliament in 1994.

It was the first continental election after the scandal of Tangentopoli which destroyed the traditional republican parties of Italy: consequently, all new parties contested the race.

Electoral system

The pure party-list proportional representation was the traditional electoral system of the Italian Republic since its foundation in 1946, so it had been adopted to elect the Italian representatives to the European Parliament too. Two levels were used: a national level to divide seats between parties, and a constituency level to distribute them between candidates. Italian regions were united in 5 constituencies, each electing a group of deputies. At national level, seats were divided between party lists using the largest remainder method with Hare quota. All seats gained by each party were automatically distributed to their local open lists and their most voted candidates.


The new party Forza Italia (FI), led by the Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, won the election with 30.6% of the vote and 27 seats. The second party was the Democratic Party of the Left (PDS), heir of the Italian Communist Party (PCI), that gained 19.1% of the vote and 16 seats, while the third party was National Alliance (AN), heir of the Italian Social Movement (MSI), that gained 12.5% of the vote and 11 seats. The Italian People's Party (PPI), heir of Christian Democracy (DC), gained only 10.0% of the vote and 8 seats.

Summary of the 12 June 1994 European Parliament election results in Italy
National party European group Main candidate Votes  % +/– Seats +/–
Forza Italia FE Silvio Berlusconi 10,089,139 30.62 New 27 New
Democratic Party of the Left PES Achille Occhetto 6,281,354 19.06 8.52 Decrease 16 6 Decrease
National Alliance NI Gianfranco Fini 4,108,670 12.47 6.96 Increase 11 7 Increase
Italian People's Party EPP Carlo Casini 3,295,337 10.00 22.90 Decrease 8 18 Decrease
Northern League ELDR Umberto Bossi 2,162,586 6.56 4.73 Increase 6 4 Increase
Communist Refoundation Party EUL Fausto Bertinotti 2,004,716 6.08 New 5 New
Segni Pact EPP Mariotto Segni 1,073,095 3.26 New 3 New
Federation of the Greens G Carlo Ripa di Meana 1,055,797 3.20 2.97 Decrease 3 2 Decrease
Pannella List ERA Marco Pannella 702,717 2.13 0.89 Increase 2 1 Increase
Italian Socialist PartyDemocratic Alliance PES Elena Marinucci 606,538 1.84 12.96 Decrease 2 10 Decrease
The Network G Leoluca Orlando 366,258 1.11 New 1 New
Italian Republican Party ELDR Giorgio La Malfa 242,786 0.74 1 2 Decrease
Italian Democratic Socialist Party NI Enrico Ferri 227,439 0.69 2.03 Decrease 1 1 Decrease
Southern Action League None 224,033 0.67 New 0 New
South Tyrolean People's Party[1] EPP Michl Ebner 202,668 0.62 0.12 Increase 1 0 Steady
Federalism (UVSNLAVPN) None 126,937 0.39 0.21 Decrease 0 1 Decrease
Lega Alpina Lumbarda None 110,458 0.34 New 0 New
Federation of Liberals None 53,983 0.16 0 0 Steady
Solidarity None 15,214 0.05 New 0 New
Valid votes 32,949,725
Blank and invalid votes 2,753,484
Totals 35,667,440 100.00 87 6 Increase
Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout 48,461,792 73.60 7.47 Decrease
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Popular vote

See also

Italian general election, 1994


  1. ^ List connected with the Italian People's Party
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