Ethiopid race

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Somali man of Ethiopid type from the Horn of Africa, the center of Ethiopid distribution.

Ethiopid (also known as Aethiopid, Eastern Hamite, Erythriote) is a historical racial classification of humans.

Origin, distribution and physiognomy

Ethiopids are typically classified as a Caucasoid (Europid) subrace. In their stable form, their center of distribution was considered to be Northeast Africa/Horn of Africa, among that region's Hamito-Semitic-speaking populations.[1][2]

Physically, the classic Ethiopid was of medium height, with a dolicocephalic or mesocephalic skull (see cephalic index). Facial form was essentially Caucasoid, with an orthognathic profile (no prognathism) and a rather prominent, narrow nose. Hair form was often wavy and ringlety, and skin color was invariably brown, with either a reddish or blackish tinge. It is not certain which Caucasoid subrace formed the basis of this stock, but authorities usually suggested Mediterranid or Proto-Mediterranid ancestors.[1][2]

See also


  1. ^ a b Baker, ch. 13.
  2. ^ a b The Races of Europe - The Mediterranean Race in East Africa Archived 2010-10-01 at the Wayback Machine.


  • Baker, John (1974). Race, Chapter 13 - "The Europids". Natl Vanguard Books. ISBN 0-936396-04-0. 
  • The Races of Europe - The Mediterranean Race in East Africa
  • "The Transformation of "Hutu" and "Tutsi"". Leave None to Tell the Story:Genocide in Rwanda. Human Rights Watch. March 1999. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
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