Essential Air Service

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Areas in the contiguous United States served by the Essential Air Service.

Essential Air Service (EAS) is a U.S. government program enacted to guarantee that small communities in the United States, which, before deregulation, were served by certificated airlines, maintained commercial service. Its aim is to maintain a minimal level of scheduled air service to these communities that otherwise would not be profitable. This came in response to the Airline Deregulation Act, passed in 1978, which gave U.S. airlines almost total freedom to determine which markets to serve domestically and what fares to charge for that service.[1] The program is codified at 49 U.S.C. §§ 4173141748.

The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) subsidizes airlines to serve communities across the country that otherwise would not receive scheduled air service.[1] As of June 1, 2015, 159 communities in the US received EAS subsidies, of which 44 were in Alaska, two were in Hawaii, and one community in Puerto Rico.[2] The decision as to what degree of subsidized service a community requires is made based on identifying a specific hub for the community and from there determining the number of trips, seats, and type of aircraft that are necessary to serve that hub.[1]

In fiscal year 2015, the federal budget provided $263 million in funding for the EAS program. The USDOT proposed a further 7.6 percent increase for a proposed FY2016 funding of $283 million.[2] The budgeted funding for EAS increased from $193 million in FY2012 to $233 million in FY2013 to $268 million in FY2014, before decreasing slightly in FY2015 to $263 million. Between FY2012 and FY 2015, annual EAS expenditures rose 36%. Per passenger EAS subsidy in the 48 contiguous states plus Puerto Rico ranged from $10 to more than $977 per passenger in 2014.[2]

These increases occurred despite numerous Congressional measures to contain program spending.[2] The George W. Bush Administration sought to reduce the cost of the program to $50 million by stricter eligibility criteria and requiring the local governments of the areas served to contribute to the cost. The Heritage Foundation argued in 2014 that rural airports should receive no federal subsidies through the Essential Air Service program; rather, state and local governments that value the air services should support them.[3] The Congressional Research Service has reported that since the early 2000s federal subsidies for the EAS have nearly tripled to almost $300 million per year.[2]

EAS subsidies have increased by more than 500% since 1997, not accounting for inflation

Community eligibility criteria

Pursuant to the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 2000, no community within the 48 contiguous states may receive a subsidy greater than $200 per passenger unless the community is more than 210 miles (340 km) from the nearest large or medium hub airport. Pursuant to the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012, to be eligible for the program, a community in the contiguous 48 states must either maintain an average of 10 or more enplanements per service day or be located more than 175 miles (282 km) from the nearest large or medium hub airport. The criteria for 10 or more enplanements can be waived by the Secretary of Transportation, on an annual basis, if a community can demonstrate that it is due to a temporary decline.[4]

The Department of Transportation, pursuant to the Consolidated and Further Appropriations Act of 2015, is required to negotiate a local cost share with communities located less than 40 miles (64 km) from a small hub airport.[4]

Controversy

Critics question the economic efficiency of the service.[5] According to a 2006 New York Times article on the program, the subsidy per passenger, averaged across the entire program excluding Alaska, is approximately $74, and much higher on some particularly poorly patronized flights[6] where subsidies are as high as $801 per passenger.[7]

Patronage on many flights is very low. The majority of EAS airplanes have fewer than 20 seats, and flights typically are less than half full.[8] However, the program is politically popular in the cities receiving the subsidized flights, many of which use an airport with scheduled service as a selling point to attract industry to their regions. Several subsidized airports are within an hour's drive from an unsubsidized airport.[9]

Report tables

The following tables list all Essential Air Service communities under the various funding programs. This is based on the most recent reports issued by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT),[10][11][12] and updated to reflect changes based on DOT orders. Docket and order numbers link to their respective pages on the docket management site, which typically includes the original files in PDF and other formats. The hubs are designated using the three-letter IATA airport code assigned by the International Air Transport Association.[13]

Alternate Essential Air Service

The Alternate Essential Air Service program grants funds directly to the municipality or airport authority instead of the air carrier. This allows the community to recruit air service that would not otherwise meet EAS guidelines, such as more frequent service with smaller aircraft, less-than-daily service, flights to differing destinations at different times of the year or week, on-demand air taxi service, scheduled or on-demand ground surface transportation, regionalized air service, or even purchasing an aircraft. This alternative program has most often occurred as a public charter arrangement as prescribed by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 380. The first airport to enter this program was Manistee County Blacker Airport in 2012.[14]

State Community Airport Service to Hub(s) Air Carrier Aircraft / Maximum Seats Annual Grant Docket Order Expires
AZ Page Page Municipal Airport Las Vegas (LAS)
Phoenix (PHX)
Corporate Flight Management
dba Contour Airlines
Embraer ERJ-135 / 30 $4,398,924 1997-2694 2018-6-22 Sep 30, 2020
CA Crescent City Del Norte County Airport Oakland (OAK) Corporate Flight Management
dba Contour Airlines
Embraer ERJ-135 / 30 $3,310,503 1997-2649 2018-2-17 Sep 30, 2020
GA Macon Middle Georgia Regional Airport Baltimore/Washington (BWI) Corporate Flight Management
dba Contour Airlines
Embraer ERJ-135 / 30 $4,687,979 2007-28671 2017-1-1 Mar 31, 2019
MI Manistee / Ludington Manistee County Blacker Airport Chicago-Midway (MDW) Ultimate Jet Charters
dba North Country Sky
Beechcraft 1900 / 19 or
Fairchild Dornier 328JET / 30
$3,716,959
over two years
1996-1711 2018-4-19 Sep 30, 2020
MS Tupelo Tupelo Regional Airport Nashville (BNA) Corporate Flight Management
dba Contour Airlines
BAe Jetstream 31/32 / 19 $3,932,032 2009-0305 2018-3-17 Sep 30, 2020
WV Beckley Raleigh County Memorial Airport Charlotte (CLT) Corporate Flight Management
dba Contour Airlines
Embraer ERJ-135 / 30 $2,827,968 1997-2761 2018-10-8 Sep 30, 2021
WV Parkersburg, WV / Marietta, OH Mid-Ohio Valley Regional Airport Charlotte (CLT) Corporate Flight Management
dba Contour Airlines
Embraer ERJ-135 / 30 $2,134,573 2005-20734 2018-10-8 Sep 30, 2021

Community Flexibility Pilot Program

Under the Community Flexibility Pilot Program, established in 2003, up to ten communities can receive a grant equal to two years worth of subsidy in exchange for their forgoing their EAS service for ten years.[15][16] These grants must be used to fund projects that will improve the airport for general aviation. As of November 2017, only one community has ever taken advantage of the program:

State Community Airport Total Grant Docket Order Expires
CA Visalia Visalia Municipal Airport $3,703,368 2004-19916 2017-1-2 Apr 30, 2026

Subsidized EAS communities

Areas excluding Alaska

State Community Airport Service to Hub(s) Air Carrier Aircraft / Maximum Seats Annual Subsidy Docket Order Expires
AL Muscle Shoals Northwest Alabama Regional Airport Atlanta (ATL)
Nashville (BNA)
Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 8 $2,778,811 (year 1)
$2,848,281 (year 2)
$2,919,488 (year 3)
$2,992,475 (year 4)
2000-7856 2017-11-9 Feb 28, 2022
AZ Prescott Ernest A. Love Field Los Angeles (LAX)

Denver (DEN)

SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $3,983,055 1996-1899 2018-7-12 Aug 31, 2020
AZ Show Low Show Low Regional Airport Phoenix (PHX) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $1,673,267 (year 1)
$1,706,733 (year 2)
$1,740,867 (year 3)
$1,775,685 (year 4)
1998-4409 2018-5-5 Jun 30, 2022
AR El Dorado / Camden South Arkansas Regional Airport at Goodwin Field Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,306,627 1997-2935 2016-12-9 Feb 28, 2019
AR Harrison Boone County Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW)
Memphis (MEM)
Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,397,188 1997-2935 2016-12-9 Feb 28, 2019
AR Hot Springs Memorial Field Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,378,312 1997-2935 2016-12-9 Feb 28, 2019
AR Jonesboro Jonesboro Municipal Airport St. Louis (STL) Multi-Aero Inc
dba Air Choice One
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,040,947 (years 1 & 2)
$2,020,538 (years 3 & 4)
1997-2935 2017-11-22 Feb 28, 2022
CA El Centro Imperial County Airport Los Angeles (LAX) Mokulele Airlines Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,488,824 2008-0299 2018-3-6 Apr 30, 2022
CA Merced Merced Regional Airport Los Angeles (LAX)
Oakland (OAK)
Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $3,186,220 (year 1)
$3,249,944 (year 2)
$3,314,943 (year 3)
$3,381,242 (year 4)
1998-3521 2017-6-19 Jul 31, 2021
CO Alamosa San Luis Valley Regional Airport Denver (DEN) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $2,891,307 (year 1)
$2,949,133 (year 2)
1997-2960 2018-9-6 Sep 30, 2020
CO Cortez Cortez Municipal Airport Denver (DEN)
Phoenix (PHX)
Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $3,579,703 (year 1)
$3,669,195 (year 2)
$3,760,925 (year 3)
$3,854,948 (year 4)
1998-3508 2018-8-1 Sep 30, 2022
CO Pueblo Pueblo Memorial Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,548,067 1999-6589 2017-6-8 Nov 30, 2019
HI Kamuela Waimea-Kohala Airport Kahului (OGG) Mokulele Airlines Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $397,497 1997-2833 2018-4-14 Jun 30, 2019
IL Decatur Decatur Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD)
St. Louis (STL)
Hyannis Air Service
dba Cape Air
Cessna 402 / 9 $2,915,273 (year 1)
$3,002,731 (year 2)
2006-23929 2017-12-20 Jan 31, 2020
IL Marion / Herrin Williamson County Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,626,625 (year 1)
$2,731,690 (year 2)
$2,840,958 (year 3)
$2,954,596 (year 4)
2000-7881 2015-10-19 Nov 30, 2019
IL Quincy, IL / Hannibal, MO Quincy Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,659,328 2002-14492 2017-8-25 Nov 30, 2019
IA Burlington Southeast Iowa Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD)
St. Louis (STL)
Minneapolis-St. Paul (MSP)*not subsidized
Mason City (MCW) *not subsidized[17]
Multi-Aero Inc
dba Air Choice One
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,439,963 (years 1 & 2)
$2,415,564 (years 3 & 4)
2001-8731 2017-12-20 Jan 31, 2022
IA Fort Dodge Fort Dodge Regional Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP)
St. Louis (STL)
Multi-Aero Inc
dba Air Choice One
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,949,904 (years 1 & 2)
$2,920,405 (years 3 & 4)
2001-10682 2016-12-28 Feb 28, 2021
IA Mason City Mason City Municipal Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD)
Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP)
Burlington, Iowa (BRL) *not subsidized
Multi-Aero Inc
dba Air Choice One
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,949,904 (years 1 & 2)
$2,920,405 (years 3 & 4)
2001-10684 2016-12-28 Feb 28, 2021
IA Waterloo Waterloo Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) American Eagle Embraer ERJ-145 / 50 or
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50
$1,727,411 2011-0132 2018-1-4 Apr 30, 2020
KS Dodge City Dodge City Regional Airport Denver (DEN) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $3,621,182 1998-3502 2017-10-13 Jan 31, 2020
KS Garden City Garden City Regional Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) American Eagle Embraer ERJ 145 / 50 $873,861 1998-3503 2018-5-13 Jul 31, 2020
KS Hays Hays Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $3,123,573 1998-3497 2018-5-13 Jul 31, 2021
KS Liberal, KS / Guymon, OK Liberal Mid-America Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $3,747,998 1998-3498 2017-10-13 Jan 31, 2020
KS Salina Salina Regional Airport Denver (DEN) Chicago (ORD) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,995,087 2002-11376 2016-2-9 Mar 31, 2020
KY Owensboro Owensboro–Daviess County Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $1,948,217 (year 1)
$2,026,145 (year 2)
$2,107,191 (year 3)
$2,191,479 (year 4)
2000-7855 2015-10-18 Dec 31, 2019
KY Paducah Barkley Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,787,695 2009-0299 2017-11-17 Jan 31, 2020
ME Augusta / Waterville Augusta State Airport Boston (BOS) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 or
Tecnam P2012 Traveller / 9
$2,068,605 (year 1)
$2,109,977 (year 2)
$2,152,177 (year 3)
$2,195,221 (year 4)
1997-2784 2018-9-4 Oct 31, 2022
ME Bar Harbor Hancock County-Bar Harbor Airport Boston (BOS) Cape Air
Off-Peak Season only
4 Year Term
Silver Airways
Peak Summer Season only
2 Year Term
Cessna 402C / 9
Saab 340 / 34
$1,726,152 (year 1)
$1,777,937 (year 2)
$1,831,275 (year 3)
$1,886,213 (year 4)
$1,399,714 annually
Silver Airways
2011-0185 2016-4-10
2018-5-9
Jun 30, 2020
Sep 7, 2020
ME Presque Isle Presque Isle International Airport Newark (EWR) United ERJ-145 / 50 $5,087,738 (year 1)
$5,201,724 (year 2)
2000-8012 2016-4-10 Jun 30, 2020
ME Rockland Knox County Regional Airport Boston (BOS) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 or
Tecnam P2012 Traveller / 9
$2,218,126 (year 1)
$2,306,851 (year 2)
$2,399,125 (year 3)
$2,495,090 (year 4)
1997-2784 2018-9-4 Oct 31, 2022
MD Hagerstown Hagerstown Regional Airport Baltimore (BWI)
Pittsburgh (PIT)
Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $1,785,638 2006-25228 2018-10-2 Mar 31, 2019
MI Alpena Alpena County Regional Airport Detroit (DTW) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,404,327 2009-0300 2018-5-38 Sep 30, 2020
MI Escanaba Delta County Airport Detroit (DTW) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $3,017,718 2003-15128 2018-6-18 Dec 31, 2020
MI Hancock / Houghton Houghton County Memorial Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,024,076 2009-0302 2017-11-17 Jan 31, 2020
MI Iron Mountain / Kingsford Ford Airport Detroit (DTW)
Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP)
SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $3,924,019 1999-5175 2016-12-29 Jan 31, 2019
MI Ironwood, MI / Ashland, WI Gogebic–Iron County Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD)
Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP)
Multi-Aero Inc
dba Air Choice One
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $3,312,107 (year 1)
$3,411,470 (year 2)
$3,513,814 (year 3)
$3,619,229 (year 4)
1996-1266 2016-6-16 Jul 31, 2020
MI Muskegon Muskegon County Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,608,523 2009-0301 2017-11-17 Jan 31, 2020
MI Pellston Pellston Regional Airport Detroit (DTW) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $1,346,679
Winter Season only
2011-0133 2017-10-14 Jan 31, 2020
MI Sault Ste. Marie Chippewa County International Airport Detroit (DTW)
Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP)
SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $1,998,416 2009-0303 2016-10-15 Jan 31, 2019
MN Bemidji Bemidji Regional Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $1,309,684 2011-0134 2017-12-15 Feb 29, 2020
MN Brainerd Brainerd Lakes Regional Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $1,653,672 2011-0135 2016-12-29 Jan 31, 2019
MN Chisholm / Hibbing Range Regional Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,792,813 2003-15796 2018-2-10 May 31, 2020
MN International Falls Falls International Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $3,274,852 2009-0304 2016-12-29 Jan 31, 2019
MN Thief River Falls Thief River Falls Regional Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $3,350,312 (year 1)
$3,434,069 (year 2)
2001-10642 2018-1-17 May 31, 2020
MS Greenville Mid Delta Regional Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW)
Nashville (BNA)
Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $2,724,153 (year 1)
$2,792,256 (year 2)
$2,862,063 (year 3)
$2,933,615 (year 4)
2008-0209 2017-6-23 Sep 30, 2021
MS Hattiesburg / Laurel Hattiesburg-Laurel Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD)
Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW)
SkyWest Airlines
dba American Eagle
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 or
Bombardier CRJ700 / 65
$3,066,327 or
$3,741,595
2001-10685 2018-6-23 Oct 31, 2020
MS Meridian Meridian Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD)
Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW)
SkyWest Airlines
dba American Eagle
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 or
Bombardier CRJ700 / 65
$3,265,490 or
$4,144,992
2008-0112 2018-6-23 Oct 31, 2020
MO Cape Girardeau / Sikeston Cape Girardeau Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,984,760 1996-1559 2017-8-25 Nov 30, 2019
MO Ft. Leonard Wood Waynesville-St. Robert Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $1,631,476 (year 1)
$1,696,735 (year 2)
$1,764,605 (year 3)
$1,835,189 (year 4)
1996-1167 2015-1-12 Dec 31, 2018
MO Joplin Joplin Regional Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) American Eagle Embraer ERJ 145 / 50 or
Embraer ERJ 175 / 76
$395,899 or
$839,513
2006-23932 2017-1-20 Feb 28, 2019
MO Kirksville Kirksville Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $1,931,684 (year 1)
$1,989,635 (year 2)
$2,049,324 (year 3)
$2,110,803 (year 4)
1997-2515 2016-8-14 Sep 30, 2020
MT Butte Bert Mooney Airport Salt Lake City (SLC) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $881,665 2011-0136 2017-8-23 Dec 31, 2019
MT Glasgow Glasgow Airport Billings (BIL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,068,066 (year 1)
$2,130,108 (year 2)
$2,194,011 (year 3)
$2,259,831 (year 4)
1997-2605 2015-9-20 Dec 31, 2019
MT Glendive Dawson Community Airport Billings (BIL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,010,381 (year 1)
$2,070,693 (year 2)
$2,132,813 (year 3)
$2,196,798 (year 4)
1997-2605 2015-9-20 Dec 31, 2019
MT Havre Havre City–County Airport Billings (BIL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,085,175 (year 1)
$2,147,730 (year 2)
$2,212,162 (year 3)
$2,278,526 (year 4)
1997-2605 2015-9-20 Dec 31, 2019
MT Sidney Sidney–Richland Municipal Airport Billings (BIL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $3,887,766 (year 1)
$4,004,399 (year 2)
$4,124,531 (year 3)
$4,248,267 (year 4)
1997-2605 2015-9-20 Dec 31, 2019
MT West Yellowstone Yellowstone Airport Salt Lake City (SLC) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $580,957
Summer Season only
2003-14626 2016-12-27 Sep 30, 2018
MT Wolf Point L. M. Clayton Airport Billings (BIL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,193,783 (year 1)
$2,259,596 (year 2)
$2,327,384 (year 3)
$2,397,206 (year 4)
1997-2605 2015-9-20 Dec 31, 2019
NE Alliance Alliance Municipal Airport Denver (DEN) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $2,251,337 2000-8322 2017-5-17 May 31, 2019
NE Chadron Chadron Municipal Airport Denver (DEN) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $2,046,128 2000-8322 2017-5-17 May 31, 2019
NE Grand Island Central Nebraska Regional Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) American Eagle Embraer ERJ 145 / 50 or
Bombardier CRJ700 / 65
$907,348 2002-13983 2017-6-16 Jun 30, 2019
NE Kearney Kearney Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $3,675,276 1996-1715 2017-12-23 Aug 31, 2020
NE McCook McCook Ben Nelson Regional Airport Denver (DEN) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $2,462,456 (year 1)
$2,511,705 (year 2)
$2,561,939 (year 3)
$2,613,178 (year 4)
1997-3005 2018-5-10 May 31, 2022
NE North Platte North Platte Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $3,575,926 1999-5173 2017-10-15 Jan 31, 2020
NE Scottsbluff Western Nebraska Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $3,152,294 2003-14535 2017-10-15 Jan 31, 2020
NH Lebanon, NH / White River Junction, VT Lebanon Municipal Airport Boston (BOS)
White Plains (HPN)
Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 or
Tecnam P2012 Traveller / 9
$3,602,667 (year 1)
$3,710,748 (year 2)
$3,822,070 (year 3)
$3,936,732 (year 4)
2003-14822 2018-9-14 Nov 30, 2022
NM Carlsbad Cavern City Air Terminal Albuquerque (ABQ)
Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW)
Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $2,981,576 (year 1)
$3,041,207 (year 2)
2002-12802 2017-6-10 May 31, 2019
NM Clovis Clovis Municipal Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) Boutique Air King Air 350 / 9 $4,281,129 1996-1902 2018-8-13 Jan 31, 2020
NM Silver City / Hurley / Deming Grant County Airport Albuquerque (ABQ)
Phoenix (PHX)
Advanced Air King Air 350 / 9 $3,513,367 (year 1)
$3,601,202 (year 2)
1996-1903 2018-10-15 Dec 31, 2020
NY Massena Massena International Airport Albany (ALB)
Baltimore (BWI)
Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $2,870,608 2012-0163 2017-2-6 Mar 31, 2019
NY Ogdensburg Ogdensburg International Airport Albany (ALB)
Boston (BOS)
Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,419,820 (year 1)
$2,516,612 (year 2)
$2,617,277 (year 3)
$2,721,968 (year 4)
1997-2842 2015-1-1 Mar 30, 2019
NY Plattsburgh Plattsburgh International Airport Washington-Dulles (IAD) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $3,371,895 2003-14783 2018-3-18 Jun 30, 2020
NY Saranac Lake / Lake Placid Adirondack Regional Airport Boston (BOS) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,045,854 (year 1)
$2,107,229 (year 2)
$2,170,446 (year 3)
$2,235,559 (year 4)
2000-8025 2018-1-15 Feb 28, 2022
NY Watertown Watertown International Airport Philadelphia (PHL) American Eagle Embraer ERJ145 / 50 $3,949,646 2013-0188 2017-10-17 Jan 31, 2020
ND Devils Lake Devils Lake Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $3,935,087 1997-2785 2018-5-12 Jun 30, 2020
ND Dickinson Dickinson Theodore Roosevelt Regional Airport Denver (DEN) United Express Embraer ERJ-145 / 50 $3,650,000 1995-697 2018-6-17 Sep 30, 2020
ND Jamestown Jamestown Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,688,493 1997-2785 2018-5-12 Jun 30, 2020
OR Pendleton Eastern Oregon Regional Airport Portland (PDX) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $2,496,526 (year 1)
$2,558,939 (year 2)
$2,622,912 (year 3)
$2,688,485 (year 4)
2004-19934 2018-11-4 Dec 31, 2022
PA Altoona Altoona–Blair County Airport Baltimore/Washington (BWI)
Pittsburgh (PIT)
Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,544,280 2002-11446 2018-8-23 Sep 30, 2020
PA Bradford Bradford Regional Airport Pittsburgh (PIT) Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,364,885 2003-14528 2018-10-6 Oct 31, 2020
PA DuBois DuBois Regional Airport Baltimore/Washington (BWI)
Pittsburgh (PIT)
Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $3,199,007 2004-17617 2018-9-5 Oct 31, 2020
PA Franklin / Oil City Venango Regional Airport Pittsburgh (PIT) Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $1,678,111 1997-2523 2018-10-6 Oct 31, 2020
PA Johnstown Johnstown–Cambria County Airport Baltimore/Washington (BWI)
Pittsburgh (PIT)
Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 8 $3,163,097 (year 1)
$3,242,174 (year 2)
2002-11451 2018-8-18 Oct 31, 2020
PA Lancaster Lancaster Airport Baltimore/Washington (BWI)
Pittsburgh (PIT)
Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,504,174 2002-11450 2018-10-2 Mar 31, 2019
PR Mayagüez Eugenio María de Hostos Airport San Juan (SJU) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $1,461,856 (year 1)
$1,505,712 (year 2)
$1,550,883 (year 3)
$1,597,410 (year 4)
$1,645,332 (year 5)
2004-19622 2016-2-1 Apr 30, 2021
SD Aberdeen Aberdeen Regional Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $1,389,795 2011-0137 2017-12-15 Feb 29, 2020
SD Pierre Pierre Regional Airport Denver (DEN) California Pacific Airlines Embraer ERJ-145 / 50 $4,651,586 2011-0138 2018-5-39 Jul 31, 2020
SD Watertown Watertown Regional Airport Denver (DEN) California Pacific Airlines Embraer ERJ-145 / 50 $2,406,155 2001-10644 2018-5-39 Jul 31, 2020
TN Jackson McKellar–Sipes Regional Airport St. Louis (STL)
Atlanta (ATL)
Multi-Aero Inc
dba Air Choice One
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $1,884,399 2000-7857 2017-3-11 May 31, 2021
TX Victoria Victoria Regional Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW)
Houston-Intercontinental (IAH)
Boutique Air King Air 350 / 9 $3,328,207 (year 1)
$3,411,412 (year 2)
2005-20454 2018-9-18 Oct 31, 2020
UT Cedar City Cedar City Regional Airport Salt Lake City (SLC) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,645,932 2003-16395 2017-8-7 Dec 31, 2019
UT Moab Canyonlands Field Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,987,980 1997-2827 2017-8-24 Feb 29, 2020
UT Vernal Vernal Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $3,097,656 1997-2706 2017-8-24 Feb 29, 2020
VT Rutland Rutland – Southern Vermont Regional Airport Boston (BOS) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $1,639,426 (year 1)
$1,688,609 (year 2)
2005-21681 2017-7-12 Oct 31, 2019
VA Staunton Shenandoah Valley Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD)
Washington-Dulles (IAD)
SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,992,903 2002-11378 2017-11-16 Mar 31, 2020
WV Clarksburg / Fairmont North Central West Virginia Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD)
Washington-Dulles (IAD)
SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,850,458 2005-20736 2017-8-2 Oct 31, 2019
WV Greenbrier/White Sulphur Springs
(Lewisburg)
Greenbrier Valley Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD)
Washington-Dulles (IAD)
SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $3,994,423 2003-15553 2017-11-16 Mar 31, 2020
WV Morgantown Morgantown Municipal Airport Baltimore/Washington (BWI)
Pittsburgh (PIT)
Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $3,128,256 2005-20735 2018-9-5 Oct 31, 2020
WI Eau Claire Chippewa Valley Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,464,972 2009-0306 2017-11-17 Jan 31, 2020
WI Rhinelander Rhinelander–Oneida County Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $1,714,307 2011-0109 2016-12-29 Jan 31, 2019
WY Cody Yellowstone Regional Airport Denver (DEN) United Express Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $850,000
Winter Season only
2011-0121 2017-12-19 Feb 29, 2020
WY Laramie Laramie Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,113,774 1997-2958 2018-6-10 Sep 30, 2020

Alaska

Community Airport Service to Hub(s) Carrier Aircraft Annual
Subsidy
Docket Order Expires
Adak Adak Airport Anchorage (ANC) Alaska Airlines Boeing 737-700 / 124 $2,907,935 2000-8556 2017-8-13 Sep 30, 2019
Akutan Akutan Airport Dutch Harbor (DUT) Grant Aviation Beechcraft King Air 200 / 9 or
Piper PA-31 350 / 9
$850,491 (year 1)
$890,001 (year 2)
2000-7068 2017-1-4
2018-11-10
Dec 31, 2018
Alitak / Lazy Bay Alitak Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service de Havilland Beaver / 6 $36,655 (year 1)
$38,408 (year 2)
2000-6945 2018-2-6 Oct 31, 2019
Amook Bay Amook Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service de Havilland Beaver / 6 $36,655 (year 1)
$38,408 (year 2)
2000-6945 2018-2-6 Oct 31, 2019
Angoon Angoon Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Kalinin Aviation
dba Alaska Seaplanes
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9,
Cessna 206 / 6,
de Havilland Beaver / 6
$231,794 (year 1)
$253,430 (year 2)
$275,900 (year 3)
$303,298 (year 4)
2006-25542 2015-1-6 Jan 31, 2019
Atka Atka Airport Dutch Harbor (DUT) Grant Aviation Beechcraft King Air 200 / 9 $1,032,163 (year 1)
$1,066,556 (year 2)
1995-363 2018-9-19 Sep 30, 2020
Central Central Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Warbelow's Air Ventures Piper Navajo / 8 $162,474 1998-3621 2017-12-16 Nov 30, 2019
Chisana Chisana Airport Tok (TKJ) 40-Mile Air Cessna 185 / 3 or
Cessna 206 and 207 / 4
$96,810 1998-4574 2018-6-20 May 31, 2019
Circle Circle City Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Warbelow's Air Ventures Piper Navajo / 8 $162,474 1998-3621 2017-12-16 Nov 30, 2019
Cordova Merle K. (Mudhole) Smith Airport Anchorage (ANC)
Juneau (JNU)
Alaska Airlines Boeing 737-700 / 124 $2,330,371 1998-4899 2017-1-17 Apr 30, 2019
Diomede Diomede Heliport Nome (OME)
Wales (WAA)
Pathfinder Aviation Bell 212 / 12 $380,952 2009-0260 2017-6-22 Jun 30, 2020
Elfin Cove Elfin Cove Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Kalinin Aviation
dba Alaska Seaplanes
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9,
Cessna 206 / 6,
de Havilland Beaver / 6
$118,970 (year 1)
$119,652 (year 2)
$122,142 (year 3)
$124,795 (year 4)
2002-11586 2015-1-6 Jan 31, 2019
Excursion Inlet Excursion Inlet Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Kalinin Aviation
dba Alaska Seaplanes
Cessna 206 / 4 or
Cessna 207 / 5
$35,408 (year 1)
$36,824 (year 2)
$38,297 (year 3)
$39,829 (year 4)
2002-12014 2018-9-20 Sep 30, 2022
Gulkana Gulkana Airport Anchorage (ANC) Reeve Air Alaska Piper PA-31 Navajo / 7 $206,128 1995-492 2017-1-8 Jan 31, 2019
Gustavus Gustavus Airport Juneau (JNU) Alaska Airlines Boeing 737-700 / 124 $2,330,371 1998-4899 2017-1-17 Apr 30, 2019
Healy Lake Healy Lake Airport Fairbanks (FAI) 40-Mile Air Cessna 206 or 207 / 5 $113,203 1998-3546 2018-6-20 May 31, 2020
Hydaburg Hydaburg Seaplane Base Ketchikan Harbor (WFB) Taquan Air Cessna 208 Caravan / 6 or
de Havilland Beaver / 6
$195,319 or
$144,956
1999-6245 2015-10-17 Oct 31, 2020
Kake Kake Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Kalinin Aviation
dba Alaska Seaplanes
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 or
Pilatus PC-12 / 9
$267,013 (year 1)
$261,841 (year 2)
$255,511 (year 3)
$247,920 (year 4)
2008-0217 2018-9-20 Sep 30, 2022
Kitoi Bay Kitoi Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service de Havilland Beaver / 6 $36,655 (year 1)
$38,408 (year 2)
2000-6945 2018-2-6 Oct 31, 2019
Lake Minchumina Minchumina Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Wright Air Service Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 or
Piper PA-31 Navajo / 9, and
Cessna 206 / 4 or
Beechcraft Bonanza A36 / 3
$118,668 2008-0237 2018-11-3 Oct 31, 2020
Manley Hot Springs Manley Hot Springs Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Warbelow's Air Ventures Piper PA-31 Navajo / 9 $43,333 2004-17563 2018-8-9 Aug 31, 2020
May Creek May Creek Airport Gulkana (GKN) Copper Valley Air Service Cessna 185 / 3,
Cessna 206 / 5
$130,964 1995-492 2017-1-8 Jan 31, 2019
McCarthy McCarthy Airport Gulkana (GKN) Copper Valley Air Service Cessna 185 / 3,
Cessna 206 / 5
$130,964 1995-492 2017-1-8 Jan 31, 2019
McGrath McGrath Airport Anchorage (ANC) Corvus Airlines
dba Ravn Alaska
Bombardier Dash 8-100 / 37 $245,124 (year 1)
$275,848 (year 2)
2017-0108 2018-8-22 Nov 30, 2020
Minto Minto Al Wright Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Warbelow's Air Ventures Piper PA-31 Navajo / 9 $43,333 2004-17563 2018-8-9 Aug 31, 2020
Moser Bay Moser Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service de Havilland Beaver / 6 $36,655 (year 1)
$38,408 (year 2)
2000-6945 2018-2-6 Oct 31, 2019
Nikolski Nikolski Air Station Dutch Harbor (DUT) Grant Aviation Beechcraft King Air 200 / 9 $325,139 (year 1)
$334,843 (year 2)
1995-363 2018-9-19 Sep 30, 2020
Olga Bay Olga Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service de Havilland Beaver / 6 $36,655 (year 1)
$38,408 (year 2)
2000-6945 2018-2-6 Oct 31, 2019
Pelican Pelican Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Kalinin Aviation
dba Alaska Seaplanes
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9,
Cessna 206 / 6,
de Havilland Beaver / 6
$293,606 (year 1)
$308,790 (year 2)
$327,997 (year 3)
$348,103 (year 4)
2002-11586 2015-1-6 Jan 31, 2019
Petersburg Petersburg James A. Johnson Airport Juneau (JNU)
Ketchikan (KTN)
Alaska Airlines Boeing 737-700 / 124 $470,525 1998-4899 2017-1-17 Apr 30, 2019
Port Alexander Port Alexander Seaplane Base Sitka (SIT) Harris Aircraft Services Cessna 185 / 3 $99,364 1999-6244 2017-5-14 May 31, 2019
Port Bailey Port Bailey Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service de Havilland Beaver / 6 $36,655 (year 1)
$38,408 (year 2)
2000-6945 2018-2-6 Oct 31, 2019
Port Williams Port Williams Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service de Havilland Beaver / 6 $36,655 (year 1)
$38,408 (year 2)
2000-6945 2018-2-6 Oct 31, 2019
St. George St. George Airport Dutch Harbor (DUT) Grant Aviation Beechcraft King Air 200 / 9 $888,787 (year 1)
$910,867 (year 2)
2017-0109 2018-9-19 Sep 30, 2020
San Juan / Uganik San Juan (Uganik) Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service de Havilland Beaver / 6 $36,655 (year 1)
$38,408 (year 2)
2000-6945 2018-2-6 Oct 31, 2019
Seal Bay Seal Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service de Havilland Beaver / 6 $36,655 (year 1)
$38,408 (year 2)
2000-6945 2018-2-6 Oct 31, 2019
Tatitlek Tatitlek Airport Anchorage-Merrill Field (MRI) Alaska Air Transit Cessna 208B EX / 9 $102,779 2013-0030 2017-6-9 Sep 30, 2019
Tenakee Tenakee Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Kalinin Aviation
dba Alaska Seaplanes
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9,
Cessna 206 / 6,
de Havilland Beaver / 6
$133,501 (year 1)
$139,783 (year 2)
$145,794 (year 3)
$152,127 (year 4)
2006-25542 2015-1-6 Jan 31, 2019
West Point West Point Village Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service de Havilland Beaver / 6 $36,655 (year 1)
$38,408 (year 2)
2000-6945 2018-2-6 Oct 31, 2019
Wrangell Wrangell Airport Juneau (JNU)
Ketchikan (KTN)
Alaska Airlines Boeing 737-700 / 124 $470,525 1998-4899 2017-1-17 Apr 30, 2019
Yakutat Yakutat Airport Anchorage (ANC)
Juneau (JNU)
Alaska Airlines Boeing 737-700 / 124 $2,330,371 1998-4899 2017-1-17 Apr 30, 2019
Zachar Bay Zachar Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service de Havilland Beaver / 6 $36,655 (year 1)
$38,408 (year 2)
2000-6945 2018-2-6 Oct 31, 2019

Communities formerly having subsidized EAS

The following tables list airports which formerly had Essential Air Service subsidized routes.[18]

Areas excluding Alaska

State Community Airport Service to Hub(s) Carrier Aircraft/Seats Annual
Subsidy
Docket Order Ended
HI Kalaupapa Kalaupapa Airport Honolulu (HNL)
Molokai (MKK)
Schuman Aviation Company
dba Makani Kai Air
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $751,040 (year 1)
$730,848 (year 2)
$710,656 (year 3)
$690,463 (year 4)
2000-6773 2018-3-3 May 31, 2018
NY Jamestown Chautauqua County-Jamestown Airport Pittsburgh (PIT) Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,140,409 2003-14950 2016-8-26 Jan 16, 2018
SD Huron Huron Regional Airport Minneapolis (MSP) Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900D / 19 $2,552,000 2000-7138 2014-7-10 Sep 30, 2016

Alaska

Community Airport Service to Hub(s) Carrier Aircraft Annual
Subsidy
Docket Order Ended
Chatham Chatham Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Ward Air Cessna 185 / 3, or
Cessna 206 / 4, or
de Havilland Beaver / 6
$5,760 (year 1)
$6,048 (year 2)
1997-3134 2018-8-15 Sep 30, 2018
Funter Bay Funter Bay Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Ward Air Cessna 185 / 3, orCessna 206 / 4, or
de Havilland Beaver / 6
$13,312 (year 1)
$14,040 (year 2)
1997-3134 2018-8-15 Sep 30, 2018
Rampart Rampart Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Tatonduk Outfitters Limited
dba Everts Air
Pilatus PC-12 / 9 or
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9
$60,201 2008-0201 2016-8-2 Oct 31, 2016

External links

  • US Department of Transportation: Policy - Essential Air Service
  • US Department of Transportation: Policy - Essential Air Service Reports
  • Regulations.gov - Federal Docket Management System

External links: Essential Air Service Air Carriers

  • Air Choice One - St. Louis, MO: Home Page
  • Island Air Service - Kodiak, AK: Home Page
  • Alaska Seaplane Service: Home Page
  • Ward Air, Inc.: Home Page
  • 40 Mile Air: Home Page
  • Evergreen International Aviation, Inc.: Home Page (Web Archive)
  • Copper Valley Air: Home Page
  • Reeve Air Alaska: Home Page

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Essential Air Service". U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). Retrieved 1 Oct 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e Tang, Rachel Y. (3 September 2015). "Essential Air Service (EAS)" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Ten places to cut waste as Congress considers a budget", Romina Boccia, January 15, 2014, also published in the Washington Times.
  4. ^ a b "Essential Air Service". Transportation.gov. US Department of Transportation. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
  5. ^ "Federal Subsidies Keep Small-Town Airports Flying". NPR. November 18, 2009.
  6. ^ Bailey, Jeff (October 6, 2006). "Subsidies Keep Airlines Flying to Small Towns". The New York Times. Retrieved October 6, 2006.
  7. ^ "Comparison of Essential Air Service Program to Alternative Coach Bus Service" (PDF). American Bus Association. September 2011. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) Archived as of February 2, 2012
  8. ^ "EAS Program a Complete Taxpayer Waste", Eli Lehrer, Heartlander Magazine. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
  9. ^ "Federal Subsidies Keep Small-Town Airports Flying". NPR. November 18, 2009.
  10. ^ "Essential Air Service Reports". U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 26, 2015.
  11. ^ "US Non-Alaskan Subsidized EAS Report". U.S. Department of Transportation. October 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015.
  12. ^ "US Alaskan Subsidized EAS Report". U.S. Department of Transportation. October 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015.
  13. ^ "Airline and Airport Code Search". International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 29 Jun 2018.
  14. ^ Kotler, Fred B. Passenger Air Service in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula: Overview and Analysis, UPWard Initiative, November 2012, Retrieved 2015-04-01
  15. ^ Steinberg, Andrew B. (June 15, 2017). "Improving Air Service to Small and Rural Communities". US Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  16. ^ "Order 2016-5-8 - Community Flexibility Pilot Program - Order Requesting Applications" (PDF). US Department of Transportation. May 17, 2016. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  17. ^ http://www.prweb.com/releases/2016/11/prweb13816090.htm
  18. ^ https://cms.dot.gov/sites/dot.gov/files/docs/mission/office-policy/aviation-policy/304896/eas-communities-terminated-1989feb2018.pdf
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