Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

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Ernest Frederick
Ernesto Federico de Wettin Saalfeld.jpg
Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Reign 16 September 1764 –
8 September 1800
Predecessor Francis Josias
Successor Francis
Born (1724-03-08)8 March 1724
Saalfeld, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Holy Roman Empire
Died 8 September 1800(1800-09-08) (aged 76)
Coburg, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Holy Roman Empire
Spouse Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Issue Francis
Prince Karl Wilhelm
Princess Fredericka
Princess Caroline
Prince Ludwig Karl
Prince Ferdinand August
Prince Frederick
House House of Wettin
Father Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Mother Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
Religion Lutheranism

Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (8 March 1724 in Saalfeld – 8 September 1800 in Coburg), was a Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.


He was the eldest son of Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.

Ernest Frederick succeeded his father in the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld when he died in 1764 and established his definitive residence shifted in Coburg. Because of the high indebtedness of the duchy he was compelled by Emperor Joseph II in 1773 to work with a Debit commission—an obligatory administration of debts assigned by the emperor—for over thirty years.


In Wolfenbüttel on 23 April 1749 Ernest Frederick married with Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. They had seven children:

  1. Franz Frederick Anton, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (b. Coburg 15 July 1750 – d. Coburg, 9 December 1806), father of Leopold I of Belgium and grandfather of Leopold II, Empress Carlota of Mexico, Queen Victoria of Great Britain, and her husband Prince Albert.
  2. Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand (b. Coburg, 21 November 1751 – d. Coburg, 16 February 1757).
  3. Fredericka Juliane (b. Coburg, 14 September 1752 – d. Coburg, 24 September 1752).
  4. Caroline Ulrike Amalie (b. Coburg, 19 October 1753 – d. Coburg, 1 October 1829), a nun at Gandersheim.
  5. Ludwig Karl Frederick (b. Coburg, 2 January 1755 – d. Coburg, 4 May 1806); he had an illegitimate son by some Mademoiselle Brutel de la Riviére: Ludwig Frederick Emil of Coburg (b. Hildburghausen, 1779 - d. Coburg, 1827). In turn, the five children of Ludwig Frederick were created Freiherren von Coburg. His descendants still alive.
  6. Ferdinand August Heinrich (b. Coburg, 12 April 1756 – d. Coburg, 8 July 1758).
  7. Frederick (b. Coburg, 4 March 1758 – d. Coburg, 26 June 1758).


16. Johann II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
8. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha
17. Dorothea Maria of Anhalt
4. John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
18. Johann Philipp, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
9. Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg
19. Elisabeth of Brünswick-Wolfenbüttel
2. Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
20. Philip VII, Count of Waldeck-Wildungen
10. Josias II, Count of Waldeck-Wildungen
21. Anna Catherine of Sayn-Wittgenstein
5. Charlotte Johanna of Waldeck-Wildungen
22. William of Nassau-Hilchenbach
11. Wilhelmine Christine of Nassau-Siegen
23. Christina, Countess of Erbach
1. Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
24. Louis Günther I, Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
12. Albert Anton, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
25. Emilie of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst
6. Louis Frederick I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
26. Albert Frederick of Barby-Mühlingen
13. Countess Emilie Juliane of Barby-Mühlingen
27. Sophie Ursula of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst
3. Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
28. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha (= 8)
14. Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
29. Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg (= 9)
7. Anna Sophie of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
30. August, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels
15. Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels
31. Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin


  • August Beck: Ernst Friedrich, Herzog zu Sachsen-Koburg-Saalfeld. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Band 6, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1877, S. 317.
  • Das herzogliche Haus Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha: Seine Geschichte und gegenwärtige Stellung in Europa, C. Macklot, 1842, S. 236 (Digitalisat)
Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Born: 8 March 1724 Died: 8 September 1800
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Francis Josias
Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Succeeded by
Francis Frederick
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