Ernest Brudenell-Bruce, 3rd Marquess of Ailesbury

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The Marquess of Ailesbury

Marquess of Ailesbury Vanity Fair 9 October 1880.JPG
"Three Dowagers". The Marquess of Ailesbury as caricatured by Théobald Chartran in Vanity Fair, October 1880.
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
In office
7 September 1841 – 29 June 1846
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by Earl of Belfast
Succeeded by Lord Edward Howard
In office
30 December 1852 – 21 February 1858
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Earl of Aberdeen
The Viscount Palmerston
Preceded by Viscount Newport
Succeeded by Viscount Newport
Personal details
Born 8 January 1811
Warren's Hotel, St James's Square, London
Died 18 October 1886(1886-10-18) (aged 75)
Savernake, Wiltshire
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Hon. Louisa Horsley-Beresford (1814–1891)
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

Ernest Augustus Charles Brudenell-Bruce, 3rd Marquess of Ailesbury PC (8 January 1811 – 18 October 1886), styled Lord Ernest Bruce from 1821 until 1878, was a British courtier and politician. He served as Vice-Chamberlain of the Household between 1841 and 1846 and again between 1852 and 1858. An MP for 46 years, he succeeded his elder brother in the marquessate in 1878.

Background and education

Brudenell-Bruce was born at Warren's Hotel, St James's Square, London, the second son of Charles Brudenell-Bruce, 1st Marquess of Ailesbury, by his wife the Honourable Henrietta Maria Hill, daughter of Noel Hill, 1st Baron Berwick. George Brudenell-Bruce, 2nd Marquess of Ailesbury was his elder brother and Lord Charles Bruce his younger half-brother.[1] He was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge.[1][2]

Political career

Brudenell-Bruce was returned to Parliament for Marlborough in 1832.[3] He was a Lord of the Bedchamber to William IV from 1834 to 1835. In 1841 he was sworn of the Privy Council[4] and appointed Vice-Chamberlain of the Household under Sir Robert Peel,[5] a post he held until the government fell in 1846. He returned to the same office in December 1852 in Lord Aberdeen's coalition government.[6] He continued in the post also when Lord Palmerston became prime minister in 1855, finally resigning in 1858.[7] He remained MP for Marlborough until 1878, when he succeeded his elder brother in the marquessate and entered the House of Lords.[3] In 1884 he was made Lord-Lieutenant of Berkshire,[8] a post he held until his death two years later.[9]


Lord Ailesbury married the Honourable Louisa Elizabeth Horsley-Beresford, daughter of John Horsley-Beresford, 2nd Baron Decies, on 25 November 1834. They had seven children:

Lord Ailesbury died at Tottenham House, Savernake, Wiltshire, in October 1886, aged 75, and was buried at Great Bedwyn, Wiltshire. His grandson George succeeded to the marquessate. The Marchioness of Ailesbury died in October 1891, aged 77, and was buried at Great Bedwyn, Wiltshire.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Sir Ernest Augustus Charles Brudenell-Bruce, 3rd Marquess of Ailesbury
  2. ^ "Bruce or Brudenell-Bruce, Lord Ernest Augustus Charles Brudenell (BR828EA)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 1)
  4. ^ "No. 20014". The London Gazette. 3 September 1841. p. 2221.
  5. ^ "No. 20016". The London Gazette. 7 September 1841. p. 2271.
  6. ^ "No. 21397". The London Gazette. 31 December 1852. p. 3939.
  7. ^ "No. 22106". The London Gazette. 2 March 1858. p. 1207.
  8. ^ "No. 25308". The London Gazette. 15 January 1884. p. 243.
  9. ^ "No. 25644". The London Gazette. 12 November 1886. p. 5449.

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Ernest Brudenell-Bruce, 3rd Marquess of Ailesbury
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Thomas Sotheron-Estcourt
William John Bankes
Member of Parliament for Marlborough
With: Henry Bingham Baring 1832–1868
(representation reduced to one member 1868)
Succeeded by
Lord Charles Bruce
Political offices
Preceded by
Earl of Belfast
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
Succeeded by
Lord Edward Howard
Preceded by
Viscount Newport
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
Succeeded by
Viscount Newport
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Craven
Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire
Succeeded by
The Lord Wantage
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George Brudenell-Bruce
Marquess of Ailesbury
Succeeded by
George Brudenell-Bruce
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