Equal employment opportunity

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President Lyndon Baines Johnson

Equal employment opportunity is equal opportunity in employment. Examples of legislation to foster it or to protect it from eroding include the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, which was established by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to assist in the protection of United States employees from discrimination.[1] The law was the first federal law designed to protect most US employees from employment discrimination based upon that employee's (or applicant's) race, color, religion, sex, or national origin (Public Law 88-352, July 2, 1964, 78 Stat. 253, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 2000e et. seq.).[2] Employment discrimination entails areas such as firing, hiring, promotions, transfer or wage practices and it is also illegal to discriminate in advertising, referral of job applicants, or classification. The Title is pertinent in companies affecting commerce that have fifteen or more employees. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is section 705 of the title.[3]

Equal employment opportunity was further enhanced when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed Executive Order 11246 on September 24, 1965, created to prohibit federal contractors from discriminating against employees on the basis of race, sex, creed, religion, color, or national origin.

Along with those five protected classes, more recent statutes have listed other traits as "protected classes," including the following:

The executive order also required contractors to implement affirmative action plans to increase the participation of minorities and women in the workplace. Pursuant to federal regulations, affirmative action plans must consist of an equal opportunity policy statement, an analysis of the current work force, identification of problem areas, the establishment of goals and timetables for increasing employment opportunities, specific action-oriented programs to address problem areas, support for community action programs, and the establishment of an internal audit and reporting system.

See also


  1. ^ "US EEOC Home Page". Retrieved March 8, 2010.
  2. ^ "Federal Equal Employment Laws, Cases and Resources". Archived from the original on November 24, 2010. Retrieved November 17, 2010.
  3. ^ Levine, Marvin J.; Montcalmo, Anthony J. (December 1, 1971). "The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission: Progress, Problems, Prospects". Labor Law Journal. 22 (12): 741–779. Retrieved 2015-09-25.
  4. ^ "Age Discrimination; EEOC". Retrieved March 8, 2010.
  5. ^ "Disability Discrimination; EEOC". Retrieved March 8, 2010.
  6. ^ "Genetic Discrimination; EEOC". Retrieved March 8, 2010.
  7. ^ "Ending job discrimination for all Americans based on sexual orientation & gender identity". Retrieved March 8, 2010.
  8. ^ "THOMAS: Library of Congress, H.R. 3017". Retrieved March 8, 2010.

Further reading

  • Mio, Jeffrey Scott (2006). "Equal Employment Opportunity". In Jackson, Yo. Encyclopedia of Multicultural Psychology. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE Publications. pp. 170–172. ISBN 978-1-45-226556-8.
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