Eperara language

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Native to Colombia
Native speakers
3,552 in Colombia and Ecuador (2004–2011)[1]
plus an unknown number in Panama[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 sja
Glottolog epen1239[3]

Eperara a.k.a. Epena (Southern Embera) is an Embera language of Colombia, with about 250 speakers in Ecuador.



Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop plain p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Affricate t͡ʃ
Fricative s h
Nasal m n
Liquid r, ɾ
Approximant w j


Front Central Back
High i ĩ iː ɨ ɨ̃ ɨː u ũ uː
Mid e ẽ eː ə ə̃ əː o õ oː
Low a ã aː



  1. ^ "Epena". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  2. ^ Eperara language at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Epena". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Harms, Philip Lee (1984). Fonología del epena pedee (saija).

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