Enos Slaughter

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Enos Slaughter
Enos Slaughter 1948.jpeg
Slaughter with the Cardinals in 1948
Right fielder
Born: (1916-04-27)April 27, 1916
Roxboro, North Carolina
Died: August 12, 2002(2002-08-12) (aged 86)
Durham, North Carolina
Batted: Left Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 19, 1938, for the St. Louis Cardinals
Last MLB appearance
September 29, 1959, for the Milwaukee Braves
MLB statistics
Batting average .300
Hits 2,383
Home runs 169
Runs batted in 1,304
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction 1985
Election Method Veterans Committee

Enos Bradsher Slaughter (April 27, 1916 – August 12, 2002), nicknamed "Country", was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) right fielder. He played for 19-seasons on four major league teams from 1938–1942 and 1946–1959. He is noted primarily for his playing for the St. Louis Cardinals and is best known for scoring the winning run in Game Seven of the 1946 World Series. A ten time All-Star, he has been elected to both the National Baseball Hall of Fame and the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame.

Biography

Slaughter was born in Roxboro, North Carolina, where he earned the nickname "Country",[1] and joined the St. Louis Cardinals in 1938 before being traded to the New York Yankees in 1954.

Minor leagues

When Slaughter was a minor leaguer in Columbus, Georgia, he went running towards the dugout from his position in the outfield, slowed down near the infield, and began walking the rest of the way. Manager Eddie Dyer told him, "Son, if you're tired, we'll try to get you some help". During the remainder of his major-league career, Slaughter ran everywhere he went on a baseball field.[2] In 1937, he had 245 hits and 147 runs scored for Columbus.[3]

Major leagues

Slaughter with the Cardinals

Slaughter batted left-handed and threw right-handed. He was renowned for his smooth swing that made him a reliable "contact" hitter. Slaughter had 2,383 hits in his major-league career, including 169 home runs, and 1,304 RBIs in 2,380 games.[4] Slaughter played 19 seasons with the Cardinals, Yankees, Kansas City Athletics, and Milwaukee Braves. During that period, he was a 10-time All-Star and played in five World Series. His 1,820 games played ranks fourth in Cardinals' history behind Ozzie Smith, Lou Brock, and Stan Musial. He presently ranks second in RBIs with 1,148; fifth in ABs with 6,775; and sixth in doubles with 366.

Immediately upon return from his military service in 1946, he led the National League with 130 RBI and led the Cardinals to a World Series win over the Boston Red Sox. In the decisive seventh game of that series, Slaughter, running with the pitch, made a famous "Mad Dash" for home from first base on Harry Walker's hit in the eighth inning, scoring the winning run after a delayed relay throw by the Red Sox' Johnny Pesky. The hit was ruled a double, though most observers felt it should have been ruled a single, as only the throw home allowed Walker to advance to second base. This play was named #10 on the Sporting News list of Baseball's 25 Greatest Moments in 1999.[5]

Slaughter in 1996 during his number 9 retirement ceremony

Slaughter was known for his hustle, especially for running hard to first base on walks, a habit later imitated by Pete Rose and David Eckstein. Slaughter was reported at the time as being one of the leaders in racial taunting against the first black major league player, Jackie Robinson and was accused of conspiring with teammate Terry Moore of an attempt to get the Cardinals to refuse to play Brooklyn with Robinson on the field. Slaughter later injured Robinson during a game by inflicting a seven-inch gash from his shoe spikes on Robinson's leg. Slaughter denied that he had any animosity towards Robinson, claiming that such allegations had been made against him because he was "a Southern boy", and that the injury suffered by Robinson had been typical of Slaughter's rough playing style.[6]

Post-MLB career and death

Slaughter retired from major league baseball in 1959. He was a player-manager for the Houston Buffs of the Texas League in 1960 and for Raleigh Capitals of the Carolina League in 1961.[7] Slaughter coached baseball for Duke University from 1971 to 1977.[8]

Enos Slaughter is a cousin of Henry Slaughter, southern gospel musician.

Slaughter died at age 86, on August 12, 2002, after battling non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. He was buried at Allensville United Methodist Church in Person County, North Carolina.[9]

Personal honors

CardsRetired9.PNG
Enos Slaughter's number 9 was retired by the St. Louis Cardinals in 1996.

Slaughter was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1985.[10]

His jersey number 9 was retired by the Cardinals on September 6, 1996.

The Cardinals dedicated a statue depicting his famous Mad Dash in 1999.[11] Slaughter was a fixture at statue dedications at Busch Stadium II for other Cardinal Hall of Famers during the last years of his life.

In January, 2014, the Cardinals announced Slaughter among 22 former players and personnel to be inducted into the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum for the inaugural class of 2014.[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://baseballhall.org/hof/slaughter-enos
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Cardinals' Media Relations, ed. (2001). St. Louis Cardinals 2001 Media Guide. Hadler Printing Company. pp. D–20. 
  4. ^ https://www.baseball-reference.com/players/s/slaugen01.shtml
  5. ^ "Baseball's 25 Greatest Moments". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 9 Oct 2016. 
  6. ^ https://sabr.org/bioproj/person/fd6550d9
  7. ^ Holaday, Chris (2006). Professional Baseball in North Carolina: An Illustrated City-by-city History, 1901-1996. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. ISBN 978-0786425532. 
  8. ^ http://ncpedia.org/biography/slaughter
  9. ^ https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/6793223/enos-bradsher-slaughter
  10. ^ http://baseballhall.org/hof/slaughter-enos
  11. ^ http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/stl/history/retired_numbers.jsp
  12. ^ Cardinals Press Release (January 18, 2014). "Cardinals establish Hall of Fame & detail induction process". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Archived from the original on January 26, 2014. Retrieved January 29, 2014. 

External links

  • Enos Slaughter at the Baseball Hall of Fame
  • Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference (Minors)
  • Enos Slaughter at Find a Grave
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